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Hyde Park, Chicago
Transcript of Hyde Park, Chicago
It is home to the Museum of Science & Industry,
The Oriental Institute, The Hyde Park Art Center, The University of Chicago, the Renaissance Society, the Smart Museum of Art, along with Barack Obama's house. History of Hyde Park Paul Cornell, a successful businessman, real-estate speculator, and abolitionist, purchased 300 acres between 51st and 55th Streets along the shore of Lake Michigan and the Illinois Central Railroad in the 1850s,with the hope of attracting other Chicago businessmen and their families to the area.Some of Cornell's associates, including the sheriff, used their houses in Hyde Park as stops on the Underground Railroad.
Hyde Park Hotel The hotel served as the popular focal point of most community activity from the 1850s until it burned in an 1879 fire. It was visited by popular and well-to-do guests, including the newly widowed Mary Todd Lincoln. In 1917, a new structure was erected on the site of the hotel. Growth and Popularity In the early 1890's, with the University of Chicago founded by John D. Rockefeller, Hyde Park began to recieve popularity.
In 1893, Hyde Park and the surrounding areas of Washington Park & Woodlawn hosted the Worlds Columbian Fair.
One of the only structures remaining of the Worlds Fair is Charles Atwood's Palace of Fine Arts, which is now the Museum of Science and Industry.
By the 1930s, Hyde Park was prospering as a popular hotel and resort area boasting over 100 hotels, including a dozen elaborate structures on the lakefront.
By the 1940s, following the Depression and during the war, some of these hotels began to cater to a less affluent and transient population. Many of these bulidings are now apartments and Condos. Hyde Park is officially applied to the neighborhood from 51st Street (Hyde Park Blvd.) to the neighborhood around the Midway Plaisance or simply The Midway (between 59th and 60th)
Some consider Hyde Park to include the area between 47th and 51st Streets (E. Hyde Park Blvd.), although this area is actually the south half of the Kenwood community area. The area encompassing Hyde Park and South Kenwood is also referred to as Hyde Park-Kenwood. Interesting Points of Hyde Park The 57th Street Art Fair happens every June in Hyde Park. It's the city of Chicago's Oldest Juried art fair, where all of the art that is on display is orginal, not reproductions.
All of the Even numbered streets in Hyde Park are are almost exclusively residential. All of the Odd numbered streets are mostly for the businesses.
53rd Street has the Oldest Shopping district in the area.
The neighborhood contains buildings designed by such famous architects as Eero Saarinen, I. M. Pei, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Rafael Viñoly, and Frank Lloyd Wright. Historical Places If your interested in places that are on the National Register of Historical Places, Hyde Park has a lot. There are 19 places that are registered on the list. Hyde Park also includes a 1/3rd replica of the "Statue of the Republic" made by Daniel Chester French Frank Lloyd Wright Isadore H. Heller House
5132 South Woodlawn Avenue
Frederick C. Robie House
5757 South Woodlawn Avenue Flamingo-on-the-Lake Apartments This former hotel, held residency to Harold Washington, Chicago's first African-American Mayor.
He also stayed in the Hampton House, for most of his life, before he died. Promontory Apartments Promontory Apartments were designed by Mies Van Der Rohe.
It was the first highrise design that he created, and the the first International Style residential highrise in the U.S, completed in 1949 Rafael Vinoly-Designed the University of Chicago Booth School of Business I.M Pei Designed the University Park Condominiums Eero Saarinen designed the University of Chicago Law School German submarine U-505 Sitting in the Museum of Science and Industry Chicago Beach Hotel It was one of many speculative hotels built to accommodate the Columbian Exposition of 1893 that was later replaced by a luxury apartment building.
The Hotel was built at East Hyde Park Boulevard (51st Street) and Cornell Avenue in 1890 and then rebuilt in 1911.
The second Chicago Beach Hotel, built in 1929 at 5100-5110 South Cornell Avenue, was added to the National Register of Historic Places on May 14, 1986; the original Chicago Beach Hotel is no longer extant. Now Regents Park Sits on the property where the Chicago Beach Hotel once stood. Famous Faces of Hyde Park Harold Washington First African-American Mayor of Chicago Louis Farrakhan
Leader of the Chicago-based Nation of Islam (1981–2007) Jesse Jackson
Civil Rights Activist-Head of Rainbow/PUSH Organization Mahalia Jackson
Gospel Singer Saul Bellow
Comedian & Social Activist THE END! Barack Obama