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History project standard 7.9.2
Transcript of History project standard 7.9.2
What are the historical developments of the
What are the theological, political, and economic
The Major Figures of the Reformation:
Martin Luther is a German priest who is credited with the start of the Reformation.
He nailed a list of complaints, the Ninety-Five Theses, about the Catholic Church to a church door in Wittenberg, and his complaints spread to other German cities with the help of the printing press.
He claimed that people didn't need to do charity work or give money to the church, and as long as people lived by the Bible and believed in God, they would be saved.
Luther believed that priests weren't necessary for people to talk to God.
Martin Luther became excommunicated.
Lutheranism spread to northern Germany and Scandinavia.
Martin translated the New Testament into German.
He wrote pamphlets, essays, and songs about his ideas, mainly in German, which led to a split in the Roman Catholic Church.
The Lutheran Church was the most dominated church in most of Northern Germany.
Desiderius Erasmus is a Dutch priest and the first person to seek reforms.
Erasmus and other reformers thought that the clergy weren't religious anymore.
He claimed that priests did not know basic church teachings.
Desiderius felt that the pope became too involved in politics and was ignoring his religious duties.
He inspired later reformers who chose to break away from the church.
ideas of the major figures during the
Even the most minimal movement can endow
an image with life.
Periods 5 & 6
Before, people had little role in governing the Catholic Church; some broke away from the Catholic Church and adopted different forms of government.
People started to have different ideas about government.
The congregation (church assembly) made its own rules and elected leaders to make decisions.
Congregations began to rule not just their churches, but their towns as well.
National rulers began to share some power with local governments (federalism).
King Henry VIII
John Calvin taught predestination, the idea that God knew who would be saved even before they were born.
He became the political and religious leader of Geneva, Switzerland.
Calvin believed that businessmen's pursuit of profit would not keep them from being saved.
John banned many types of entertainment.
He taught that it was important to live a good life and obey God's laws.
His ideas led to the growth of capitalism.
William Tyndale is an Englishman who made the first English translation of the Bible.
He believed that everyone should be able to read and interpret the Bible.
English clergy tried to arrest Tyndale for translating the Bible.
Tyndale fled the country and continued translating the Bible and sent them to England.
He was executed by Catholic authorities.
King Henry VIII was a major figure of the Reformation.
He was declared the head of the church of England (the Anglican Church).
The king made a break from the church because the church would not allow a divorce.
Because divorce was the only thing that displeased King Henry VIII, not many church practices were changed.
Voting Booth. 27 Mar, 2011. 23 July, 2012
Bonnette, Tom. Save the Incandescent Lightbulb, Screw the Planet.
How did the Reformation end?
Since the Protestants and Catholics were against each other, the Thirty Years' War began in 1618.
The war involved most of the countries in Europe and was located in Central Europe.
There were many reasons to why the Thirty Years' War started, but it was mainly a war about religion between the Protestants and Catholics.
The Thirty Years' War ended in 1648 due to the Peace of Westphalia.
The Peace of Westphalia is a series of treaties signed between May 15 and October 24, 1648.
The treaties involved many people and places such as the Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand III, the Kingdom of France, and much more.
Because of the Peace of Westphalia, the Thirty Years' War ended along with the Reformation.
Thirty Years' War
End of the Reformation
Peace of Westphalia
Copy of Academy: Inserting Animation in Prezi. July 12, 2012
December 16, 2011. July 23, 2012
Ben. A Story About George. June 3, 2012. July 23, 2012
Thirty Years' War. August 12, 2012
Peace of Westphalia. August 12, 2012
File:The Ratification of the Treaty of Munster, Gerard Ter Borch (1648).jpg.
Protestant Reformation. August 12, 2012
Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Holt California Social Studies World History
File:Martin Luther by Cranach-restoration.tif. August 20, 2012
File:Holbein-erasmus.jpg. August 20, 2012
File:John Calvin 2.jpg. August 20, 2012
File:William Tyndale.jpg. August 21, 2012
File:Henry-VIII-kingofengland 1491-1547.jpg. August 22, 2012
set other changes
August 12, 2012
Medieval to Early Modern Times. Holt, Rinehart and Winston