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Urban Geography

Sarah Hummel

on 6 March 2013

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Transcript of Prague

Urban Ecology Czech Republic Transit Map Prague Urbanism 10 Districts of Prague Prague 1- Malá Strana, Staré Msto, Nové Msto

Prague 2- Vinohrady

Prague 3- Zizkov

Prague 4- Braník, Podolí

Prague 5- Smíchov

Prague 6- Dejvice

Prague 7- Holeovice

Prague 8 & 9- Karlín

Prague 10- Vrovice National Theatre Wenceslas Square Urban Ecology CBD Historical Timeline of Prague -The Prague Castle is founded around 880 by prince Boivoj of the Premyslid dynasty.

- Prague is established.

- Some members of the Premyslid dynasty embrace Christianity brought to the Czech lands by Cyril and Methodius, the "apostles of the Slavs". 9th Century 11th Century - Foundations are laid to St. Vitus Rotunda and the Vyehrad Castle.

- The Prague bishopric is founded in 973. - Vratislav II becomes the first Czech king in 1085 but remains subordinate to the Holy Roman Empire and the German king. 10th Century - The first stone bridge over the Vltava, Judith Bridge, is built in 1172. 12th Century - The Old Town (Staré msto) is founded in 1231.
- The Lesser Town (Malá Strana) is founded in 1257. 13th Century - John of Luxembourg rules the country (1310-1346).
- The Prague Castle Area (Hradany) is founded around 1320.
- The Old Town Hall is founded in 1338.
- Judith Bridge collapses in a flood in 1342.
- Charles IV rules the country (1346-1378) and will be remembered as the most beloved Czech king.
- Prague becomes one of the most prosperous cities in Europe and the cultural capital of Central
- Europe.
- The Prague bishopric is upgraded to an archbishopric.
- Construction of St. Vitus cathedral begins.
- The New Town (Nové msto) is founded in 1348.
- Charles University is established in 1348 and becomes the first university in Central Europe.
- Charles IV elected Holy Roman Emperor in 1355; Prague becomes the capital of the Holy Roman
- Empire.
- Construction of Charles Bridge begins in 1357. 14th Century - The Hussite wars are sweeping the country from 1419 to 1437 as a result of the religious conflicts between the Hussites and the Roman Catholic Church. Many historical artifacts are destroyed and the Prague Castle deteriorates. 15th Century 17th Century -The reign of the Habsburg dynasty begins in 1526 and the seat of power moves to Vienna.

- Prague Castle is reconstructed in the Renaissance style and a number of recreational sites are added (the Royal Garden, the Belvedere, the Ballgame Hall, etc.)

- Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, is crowned the Czech king in 1575 and moves his court back to Prague in 1583. Prague becomes the center of science and alchemy and earns the nickname "Magic Prague". Many famous scientists are attracted to Prague, such as astronomers Tycho de Brahe and Johannes Kepler. - The Protestant uprising begins in 1618.

- Protestants are severely defeated in the Battle of the White Mountain (bitva na Bílé hoe) in 1620.

- The Dark Age of the Czech history (doba temna) begins.

- Prague loses importance and the Prague Castle deteriorates. 16th Century - The four independent urban areas of Prague (Old Town, Malá Strana, Hradany, New Town) are united by Joseph II in 1784.

- A Czech nationalist movement called the National Revival (národní obrození) begins in 1784.

- The Czech language, culture and national identity are being brought back to life.

- Joseph II issues the Edict of Tolerance in 1781, granting political and religious rights to religious minorities. 18th Century - The Industrial Revolution begins.

- A railway between Vienna and Prague opens in 1845.

- The growing industry results in an increase of Prague's Czech population as people move to the cityfrom the countryside.

- Josefov is added to Prague's historical center in 1850.

- The National Revival continues. Czech institutions are established to celebrate the Czech history and culture: the National Theater opens in 1868, the National Museum opens in 1890. 19th Century - The Austro-Hungarian empire falls in 1918 and Prague becomes the capital of independent
- Czechoslovakia.
- Prague Castle becomes the seat of the first president of Czechoslovakia, Tomá Garrigue Masaryk.
- Prague becomes close with Paris between WWI and WWII.
- Prague and the rest of the country are occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II (1939-1945).
- The Prague Uprising and liberation by the Soviet Red Army end World War II in 1945.
- The Communist Party seizes power after the February 25, 1948 coup d'etat.
- Alexander Dubek, secretary of the Communist Party, attempts to create "socialism with a human
- face", culminating in the spring of 1968 ("Prague Spring").
- "Prague Spring" fails and five Warsaw Pact member countries invade Czechoslovakia on August 21,
- 1968.
- The Velvet Revolution starts in Prague on November 17, 1989 and brings an end to communism.
- Czechoslovakia becomes a democratic country.
- Václav Havel, former dissident, is elected president in the country's first democratic elections
- in January 1990.
- Czechoslovakia splits into two independent countries, Czech Republic and Slovakia on January 1,
- 1993. Prague becomes the capital of the Czech Republic.
- Václav Havel is elected first president of the Czech Republic in January 1993.
- The Czech Republic joins NATO in 1999.
- In 2002, the Czech Republic is approved to become a member of the European Union.
- The Czech Republic is accepted into the European Union on May 1, 2004. 20th Century Prague is home to various cultural events known throughout the world. One of the largest events in Europe is Prague’s International Folklore festival. This festival showcases a lineup of 30-minute performances by folklore ensembles from more than 20 countries. Prague also has the National Gallery which is home to the largest collection of art in the Czech Republic. What really sets Prague apart from any other city in the world is the Prague Castle. It is the largest castle in the world and has been the seat of Czech rulers sinces the beginning of the city. Trading, defined the spread of secondary towns across the countryside, each roughly a day's journey from the next along major trade routes. Prague grew up around Hradcany Castle. By the fourteenth century, it was a major continental city with 40,000 to 50,000 inhabitants, a university (Charles University, one of Europe's first), and an administrative seat of the Holy Roman Empire During the nineteenth century, there was a surge of migration and urbanization in both the Czech lands and Slovakia. Much of this was linked to nineteenth-century Europe's tremendous population increase and the spread of the railroads. The proportion of the population living in towns of more than 2,000 grew from 18 percent to 45 percent between 1843 and 1910. The rate of increase in major industrial centers was spectacular: between 1828 and 1910, Prague's population grew by a factor of nearly seven. The urban tradition in the Czech lands dates from approximately the ninth century A.D., and the growth of towns centered on princely castles and bishops' seats. Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution took place in the 19th Century resulting in the building of factories. A railway between Vienna and Prague was opened in 1845. The growing industry resulted in an increase of Prague's Czech population as people moved to the city from the countryside. Industrialization of Prague Urban Distribution Patterns Funcional Heirarchy- Tier 2 Population 1.3 million Large Economic Diversity Common To
Specialized Toyota
Sun Microsystems
Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi
Computer Sciences Corporation
Foxconn Technology Co. Tatung Co.
Deutsche Börse
Accenture Regional Location Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic and provides a base for the headquarters of the state authorities, important institutions and companies that operate throughout the whole Czech Republic. Prague is also ready and willing to create favorable conditions to entice new Czech and international organizations which will have positive knock-on effects, not only for Prague but also the nation as a whole. Prague dates back to the early stone age where the Slavs settled in Prague and colonized. Also the city of Prague still has a traditional atmosphere that mimics the one from prehistoric times. Prague has continued to keep a colonial structure in the city today. Prague has a total of 10 self-governing districts. This proves to be colonial because all of the districts are self-governing like colonies yet they are still under the Czech Republic power. Prague
Decision Making
City Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic and therefore is home to their government.
They have a multi-party parliamentary representative democratic republic with three branches.
Prague is also the center of economic activity in the Czech Republic as well as the site of the European headquarters of many international companies. The modern economy of Prague is largely service and export-based and, in a 2010 survey, the city was named the best city in East Europe for business. This proves that Prague is not only a decision making city but an economic hub in Europe. Prague has been a major city in Europe dating back to the Holy Roman Empire.
Colonial City National Theatre Prague Castle Charles Bridge Urban System Czech Republic
August 9th, 1968, the government made a decision to build a real metro system instead of the underground tramway. This completely transformed the city of Prague. Today the metro system in Prague is the seventh busiest metro system in Europe and the most-used in the world on a per capita basis. Modernizing and urbanizing the historic city, the metro system provides public transportation for the large population of citizens who live in suburban residential areas and commute into the large city center. Prague Metro Map International Folklore Festival National Gallery Prague Castle Prague acknowledges the special relationship with its neighboring Central Bohemia Region. This closest region to Prague is home to some of the most valuable natural areas in the whole Czech Republic and is often rated amongst the most important natural areas of water resources and ecological stability (it is indeed the main source of drinking water for Prague). With regards transport networks, this area is of importance both to Prague and to the whole country, also having an extensive energy network and offering recreational opportunities as seen in the unusually high number of holiday homes in the area.

The majority of economic activity is centered on the main means of communication railway lines with regular intercity connections and along the surrounding road networks.For the surrounding region Prague represents an important source of job opportunities, is a center of education and culture and offers ample shopping facilities and other features. That part of the Central Bohemia Region which directly backs on to Prague has also undergone intensive development and it is safe to assume that there will be further pres- sure and demand for more land available for building. Those areas that form a cross- roads with Prague and lie along its borders have witnessed a marked rise in development of commercial zones and with it the risk of fragmentation and isolation. Such extensive development has an enormous impact upon the landscape of the city and how it functions, on its entire structure, the economy, municipal prosperity and the pulling power of not only Prague itself, but also its neighbor too. Urban Form Uncommon Tier 2 City National Theater Demographics
Czech 63.7%
Moravian 4.9%
Slovak 1.4%
Other 30%
Religion Roman Catholic 10.3%
Protestant 0.8
Other & Unspecified 54.6%
None 34.2% Population Pyramid Urban Land Use Pattern Concentric Zone Model
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