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Transcript of Biotechnology
Into the Future...
What is Biotechnology?
the use of living organisms and their biological processes "to develop technologies and products that help improve our lives and the health of our planet."
Building the foundation...
University of Georgia
Gregor Mendel discovers hereditary transmission of genetic traits.
Penicillin produced by mold is discovered to have antibacterial properties.
Watson and Crick propose double-helix structure of DNA.
Cohen and Boyer perfect techniques to cut and paste DNA and to reproduce the new DNA in bacteria
Yeast microbes used to make beer and cheese by Sumerians and Babylonians
Egyptians used yeast microbes to make bread
Engineered microbes used to help clean up an oil spill
The gene for human insulin was cloned into E.coli for pharmaceutical production.
Health & Medicine
Provides high amounts of essential Vitamin A
Can help prevent blindness and death in people with Vitamin A-deficiency
Grows to market size in 1/2 time as traditional salmon
Increases profits for producers, decreases cost for consumers
Contains insect-killing gene from soil bacteria
Allows decreased use of dangerous pesticides
Provide protection against many infectious diseases
Have virtually eliminated measles, mumps and polio in the United States
18 people die each day waiting for an organ transplant
Allows production of organs for transplant patients without a donor
Disease causes over 600,000 deaths each year
Contains genetic modification which prevents transmission of disease to humans
Fuel produced from sugars in plants and algae
Reduces harmful greenhouse gas emissions
Contain stain-fighting enzymes
Enzymes produced by bacteria
Glow-in-the-dark pet fish
Engineered with gene from zebrafish that causes fluorescence
What problems will Biotechnology help us solve?
Uses genetically engineered T-cells to specifically attack cancer cells
Great alternative treatment for cancers not susceptible to traditional methods
Engineered for better taste, cooking quality
Sold as cooking oil and used in making fried snacks