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THE COLD WAR HISTORIOGRAPHY-ORTHODOX VIEW
Transcript of THE COLD WAR HISTORIOGRAPHY-ORTHODOX VIEW
THE ORTHODOX VIEW
The Orthodox View:
The Orthodox view or the traditional view of the Cold War was that the Soviets were responsible for it.
It stated that that due to the Soviet's
Suspicion of the West and
advocated the need of urgency and importance to implement communism throughout the world.
Thus, Stalin violated the Yalta and Potsdam agreements, occupied and imposed Soviet Control in Eastern Europe and 'plotted' to spread communism throughout the world with Moscow at it's centre.
The historians also believe that due to this Soviet acts of aggression the US had to come up with the Truman Doctrine, The Marshall Plan and NATO.
The following extract is from Political Historian Arthur M.Schlesinger Jr. 's book 'Origins of the Cold War', Foreign Affairs, October 1967, pp.49-50. This gives us a clear analysis of The Origins of the War from an Orthodox point of view.
"Marxism-Leninism gave the Russian Leaders a view of the world according to which all societies were inexorably destined to proceed along appointed roads by appointed stages they achieved the class-less nirvana. Moreover, given the resistance of the Capitalists to this development , the existence of any non-communist state was by definition a threat to the Soviet Union.... An analysis of the Origins of the Cold War which leaves out these factors- the intransigence of Leninist ideology, the sinister dynamics of a totalitarian society and the madness of Stalin- is obviously incomplete."
Analyzing the extract:
The first line of the extract says that because of the Marxism-Leninism policies the Russian Leaders possessed a view that all the leaders had to govern the nation through a fixed way and stringent norms. They believed in a class-less nirvana. The author used the word Nirvana since it is something that takes place after Moksha (liberation).And communism strongly believes in the liberation of the poor from hardship, torture.Anyone trying to analyze the origins of the Cold War shouldn't miss out on these points:
The intrasigence of Leninist Ideology
The sinister of dynamics of a totalitarian society
Madness of Stalin,
since if they did then the analysis would be incomplete
Other historians who have
presented the Orthodox view include W.H Mc Neill and H.Feis.
Let us wish for WORLD PEACE And