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World War 2

The homefront

naba al-akashi

on 13 February 2013

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Transcript of World War 2

Wold War II The homefront Paying for the War Victory Gardens Scrap Metal Drives Taxes War Bonds Red Points Blue Points Blue points, Red Points One person from each house hold had to pick up a coupon a coupon book every month. In order to buy food they had to present a coupon for it. Red points controlled meats, fats and oils. Blue points were used to ration canned and processed foods. Most rationing ended before the war but sugar and rubber continued. Sugar was rationed until 1947. The government need money for equipment. People would buy them and the government promised to pay it back after 10 years. 190 billions worth of bonds were purchased during the war. It was heavily campaigned by using celebrities. Roosevelt wanted to raise taxes but Americans didn't want to pay the tax. Taxes collections only payed 45% of the war so the government issued war bonds. Payroll withholding was introduced in 1943. It increased the number of tax payers to 60 million. By 1944, 40 percent of government revenue came from income taxes. They were started in World War I because food production had decreased. Vegetable gardens increased food production during the war. They were in homes and public land to reduce pressure on the public food. 41% of all vegetables consumed in the nation. Civil moral booster. Scrap metal drives were held all over the country in schools and community groups. The metal was used to build ships, tanks, planes and weapons. They required massive amount of metal so anything that was metal was rationed and Americans were asked to turn in scrap metal to help the cause. Victory Gardens and Scrap Drives Wages and Price Control Office of Price Administration The OPA regulated prices and rent so that prices didn't go through the roof. War Labor Board This team ensured company owners and workers had good relations so productivity would not fall. It was disbanded after the war. Office of Economic Stablization War Gardens or
Food Gardens for Defense The program regulated wages and farm product. They worked to control inflation by making sure prices didn't go up or down. 2. To aid in the war effort, American citizens accept the ______ of some items. A. Disapearance
B. Commandeering
C. Abundance
D. Rationing 2. During the war, Americans ______ to collect materials that could be used for the war effort. A. Planted Victory Gardens
B. Held Scrap Drives
C. Conserved energy
D. Sold war bonds
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