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Transcript of Revolution
"I find capitalism repugnant. It is filthy, it is gross, it is alienating... because it causes war, hypocrisy and competition."- Fidel Castro on Capitalism
Use of force and secret police
Direction of popular discontent
Castro pointed most hatred towards western and capitalist countries.
Stated that they were greedy and were enemies of Cuba.
Consistently prevented invasion attempts by the US onto african territory by supporting the countries with troops.
Always supported other left wing including USSR and certain African countries.
Never worked with Capitalist countries as evident by wanting to use nuclear weapons against the United States if Cuba was attacked during the missile crisis of 1962
Monday, February 16, 1959
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Cult of personality
Fidel Castro Casts His Rule Over Cuba
Use of outside threats
Fidel Castro always used the threat of US invasion to keep his people in check and his popularity up.
Although mostly to create fear some of these threats became truth as several assassination attempts involved invasions by the United States.
Castro also considered any capitalist country an enemy, using their interventionist anywhere as an excuse for a threat.
All this pressure led to the Cuban missile crisis of 1962 when Cuba received nuclear warheads from the USSR. The US was furious with Cuba and demanded the warheads be removed as they were too close to the states.
Cubans were frightened as it appeared they were headed to a nuclear war. This allowed Castro to cement his power for the next few years
A man by the name of Alberto Bayo, after some talking and deal making, trained Castro's men in the art of guerrilla warfare, their main tactic used to achieve their revolution.
Fidel, after planing his return to Cuba, needed funds. He traveled to the united states where he searched for supporters and investors.
An Early Release
American reporter Herbert Matthews interviewed Castro during his rebellion, allowing him to gain popularity.
After gaining power he continued to use these contacts to make internal and international propaganda.
Newspapers such as the Granma and the Prensa Latina had biased views and usually pointed the blame onto western and capitalist society.
Castro created an international Radio broadcast station known as Radio Havana. It broadcast all across Cuba and the world with Propaganda and ideas from Castro himself.
Fidel Castro used a secret police force
This police force was called the DGI which stands for direccion general de inteligencia.
The DGI was used to arrest people who opposed Castro's government.
Known for many preventions of assassination attempts on Fidel Castro`s life.
This was what it was like before Castro came into power:
Martial law introduced after attack, suspending rights and terrorizing of the public with the secret police.
While Castro was imprisoned Batista held elections, although they were considered corrupt as all parties except Batista's pulled out because of suspected bribes, terror, and boycotts. Batista won without opposition.
emphasized social projects to improve Cuba's standard of living.
Major emphasis was placed on education, and under the first 30 months of Castro's government, more classrooms were opened than in the previous 30 years.
Health care was nationalized and expanded, with rural health centers and urban polyclinics opening up across the island, offering free medical aid.
Universal vaccination against childhood diseases was implemented, and infant mortality rates were reduced dramatically.
Fidel Castro has a cult of personality though this was not created intentionally.
By 2006 Castro was seen as a national icon with his image appearing in public places such as stores, taxis, school classrooms, and even on national television.
Castro was always seen wearing his green military uniform which he wore to represent the constant change being brought about by his revolutionary government.
A third aspect of the social programs was the construction of infrastructure; within the first six months of Castro's government, 600 miles of road had been built across the island, while $300 million was spent on water and sanitation schemes.
Over 800 houses were constructed every month in the early years of the administration in a measure to cut homelessness, while nurseries and day-care centers were opened for children and other centers opened for the disabled and elderly.
Before Fidel Castro started his
revolution, he was sent to jail by Batista.
Fidel Castro had been released three years into his 15 year sentence when he was no longer seen as a threat he began to make speeches and lead protests once again. In 1955 bombings and attacks on rebels forced Fidel to flee with his comrades to Mexico. There his revolution began.
Unemployment became a problem as jobs were hard to come by.
University students began complaining and protesting. Batista saw this as an opportunity to boost his economy and get rid of opposition by imprisoning, torturing, and executing students as suspected opposition to his government.
Fidel Castro was going to run for political office in 1952 when Fulgencio Batista, later to become Fidel Castro's enemy, took power in a military coup.
This action canceled the election, angering Castro to the point of attacking Moncada Barracks in Santiago. This attack failed, resulting in jail time for Castro and the executing without trial for many of his soldiers.
Hiding in the mountains, Fidel and his rebels began to attack the military with raids and ambushes, slowly defeating them.
Once these attacks began, Batista decided to diminish support for Castro by terror, namely torture and public execution of innocent people.
This backfired and Castro gained more support, causing Batista to flee in 1959.
Control of Economy