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Genocide Project: Rwanda

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Kara Gardner

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of Genocide Project: Rwanda

Genocide Project Rwanda Brief Explanation Rwanda Genocide Video Clip Causes Effects/Aftermath Events Leading up to the Genocide Bibliography There were three ethnic groups: the Hutu (85%), Tutsi (14%), and Twa (<1%) Late '50s and early '60s - Hutu nationalist group led a social revolution and overthrew Tutsi ruling class The Genocide * First started on April 6, 1994 The Land Walker, Luke. "Rwandan Genocide." World Without Genocide. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2013. <http://worldwithoutgenocide.org/genocides-and-conflicts/rwandan-genocide>. RWANDAN STORIES. N.p., 2011. Web. 04 Feb. 2013. <http://www.rwandanstories.org/>. 1961 - independence from Belgium and establishment of Hutu-led government 1985 - RPF formed (group of Tutsi exiles) The People The Government The Economy -Everything in the country had been either looted or destroyed
-Bodies had been left to rot in the streets
-Hospitals, schools, and health centers no longer existed
-Livestock population had been decimated
-Crops had been ruined -There were no government offices
-First meetings were held outside under trees
-Government scrambled to set itself up
-Transitioned from a monarchy of Tutsi rulers to a democracy with a place for the Hutu 1990 - RPF rebels invaded Rwanda The Tutsi were considered a higher class of people than the Hutu.
The Tutsi were people that owned land, while the Hutu were people that were used like slave labor.
When the European powers came, they wanted the Hutu to have more power, so they inspired many uprisings.
After WWll, the European powers gave complete control of Rwanda to the Hutu.
This caused a lot of hatred and fighting between the two groups, forcing many Tutsi to leave the country.
The Tutsi that decide to stay had no power in the government and supported many rebel groups in fighting the Hutu for control of Rwanda.
A plane that was carrying the president of Rwanda was attacked by the Tutsi, causing many Hutu to be enraged.
This triggered the Hutu final solution: to get rid of all the Tutsi in Rwanda.
Thus starting the genocide. * Was carried out mainly by Hutu supremacist militia, co-perpetrated by state officials of Rwanda. * Most of the killing was carried out by two Hutu radical militant groups: the Interahamwe and the Impuzamugambi. * Not only were the Tutsi killed, but also Hutu 'non-extremists'. * Every citizen of Rwanda was given an ID stating what they were considered (Hutu,Tutsi). A lot of killings occurred at road blocks set up by the Hutu, checking Tutsi IDs. Created By: Kara Gardner, Jason Arbuckle, Elizabeth Sampson, and Tori Beals 1993 - ceasefire to negotiate peace The Genocide Cont. * On April 7th, 1994, the most gruesome of the mass killings occurred. * Thousands crowded into the Ntarama church compounds with their families, thinking they would be safe. April 6, 1994 - plane with the Rwanda president shot down * The pastor, who was a Tutsi himself, told his people they would be safe here, but in reality he set them up. * In three short days, the Hutu killed over 5,000 of the Tutsi people. * In all, 800,000 men, women, and children were killed. For centuries, the king of Rwanda was Tutsi The genocide lasted from April of 1994 to June of 1994 Rwanda is a small, hilly country in central Africa Tutsi and Hutu worked together during these times Hatred between the two groups started when Belgium took over Rwanda, after WWI "Genocide in Rwanda." Prejudice in the Modern World Reference Library. Ed. Kelly Rudd, Richard Hanes, and Sarah Hermsen. Vol. 2. Detroit: UXL, 2007. 237-258. Global Issues In Context. Web. 6 Feb. 2013. "RWANDA 1994." PEACE PLEDGE UNION INFORMATION GENOCIDE. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2013. <http://www.ppu.org.uk/genocide/g_rwanda.html>. "Genocide in Rwanda." United Human Rights Council. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2013. <http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/genocide/genocide_in_rwanda.htm>. * Due to the lack of expensive ammunition, the Tutsi actually were given the choice to buy a bullet they so they could die quicker. -The people had to deal with a slow recovery
-Not all of the Hutu soldiers were found, so Tutsi had to live next to the people who had murdered their families
-They lived in a world of mistrust
-Refugees came back with no families or homes
-There were many young orphans "Not a single member of my family had survived...the neighboring folk were dead, the warehouse looted, the trucks stolen. I had lost everything, I was indifferent to life. Nyamata was very desolate, since all the roofs, all the doors and windows, had been taken off. But it was time itself that seemed broken... We no longer knew when it had all begun, the number of days and nights it had lasted, what season it was, and truly in the end we didn't care." -Marie Louise Kagoyire. 45 years old, Shopkeeper Nyamata High Street Definition of Genocide
the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group Economy is dependent upon outsider help for medicine and schooling Bad economy - lots of debt Money is spent on orphaned kids and people with AIDS/HIV
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