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Transcript of Northwest Passage
1507 map of the world
Europeans explorers spent over 100 years searching for a Northwest Passage through North America to Asia.
England, France, and Holland began searching for a westward route to Asia in order to compete with Spain and Portugal.
Explorations for England
The Italian sailor Giovanni Cabato, later known as John Cabot, explored the north Atlantic coast of North America for England. He called an island he discovered Newfoundland.
John Cabot and his ships disappeared without a trace.
In 1577, Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the world for England.
As an admiral in the British navy, he was instrumental in the defeat of the Spanish Armada
Protestant England (Elizabeth I), fought against Catholic Spain (Phillip II) for naval dominance.
England is now top dog!
Giovanni da Verrazano explored the east coast of North America, including New York harbor, and the Carolinas for France in 1524.
Explorations for France
Giovanni da Verrazano
Jacques Cartier explored the St. Lawrence River Valley for France to the present day city of Montreal.
1534 Kanata claimed for France
means "village" in Iroquois
Explorations for The Netherlands
British sailor Henry Hudson explored the waters of northeast America, including the area around New York.
This begins NEW NETHERLANDS
In 1610, Henry Hudson explored northern Canada for England.
In 1611, Hudson’s crew mutinied and returned to Holland, leaving Hudson, his son, and several loyal sailors to perish in the Hudson Bay.
Samuel de Champlain
Samuel de Champlain explored the St. Lawrence for France in 1609. He set up a trading post that would become the city of Quebec. This begins the colony of NEW FRANCE.
From here he explored the Great Lakes.
"The Defeat of the Iroquois at Lake Champlain"
Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet sailed halfway down the Mississippi River in 1673 and realized the fabled Northwest Passage did not exist.
Robert de la Salle finished the journey down the Mississippi River in 1682 and is the first to reach the Gulf of Mexico from the north.
He named this area Louisiana in honor of King Louis XIV.