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Verbs

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Sydney Nilles

on 18 September 2014

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Transcript of Verbs

Verbs
Form, Tense, and Mood
Verb
Verb Tenses
Verb Forms
Transitive and Intransitive
To + infinitive
Action Verbs
The Verb Be
Shows the state of the verb or categorizes the subject
Am, is, are, was, were, been

Is the food hot?
Present Tense
Present simple-
I work
Present continuous-
I am working
Present perfect-
I have worked
Present perfect continuous-

I have been working
Past Tense
Past simple-
He worked.
Past continuous-
He was working.
Past perfect-
He had worked.
Past perfect continuous-
He had been working.
Future Tense

Perfective Aspect
Phrasal Verb
A phrasal verb is a verb plus a preposition or adverb which creates a meaning different from the original verb.
My favorite author is
bringing out
a new book next month.

I couldn’t have a serious conversation with Barry because my sister kept
cutting in
.

The government has
set up
a committee to investigate possible fraud.
do -> did -> done
go -> went -> gone
have -> had -> had
take -> took -> taken
a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, and is the main part of the predicate of a sentence
Five basic forms:
base form-
walk
third-person singular form-
walks
present participle form-
walking
past form-
walked
past participle form-
walked

The past and past participle forms are the same for regular verbs
For irregular verbs, the past and past participle forms will be different
There are only two tenses in English are indicated by the verb itself: past (-ed) and present. The other tenses are marked by words called auxiliaries (be, can, do, may, must, ought, shall, will, has, have, had)
These are the six basic verb tenses:
Simple Present:
They walk
Present Perfect:
They have walked
Simple Past:
They walked
Past Perfect:
They had walked
Future:
They will walk
Future Perfect:
They will have walked
Infinitive- a verb expressing an action or state without refencing a subject:
He is here to see you.

Indicative- a verb stating an apparent fact or asking a question:
He drives.

Imperative- a verb stating a command or request, have an understood you:
[You] Sit Down.

Subjunctive- a verb expressing a doubt, desire, supposition, or condition contrary to fact:
If I were president...
Verb Moods
Transitive- verbs where there is an object directly receiving the action:
Billy hit the baseball. The baseball was hit by Billy.

Intransitive- verbs where there is no direct object receiving the action or where the verb tells about the state of the subject:
Billy slept. Billy fell asleep.
Active and Passive Voice
Active and Passive voice are the two forms of transitive verbs
Active voice- the subject is acting on the object:
Carlos ate the sandwich.
Passive voice- the object is being acted upon by the subject:
The sandwich was eaten by Carlos.
Uses "to" followed by the infinitive form of the verb.
Used to answer the question,"Why?"


Jane showed up early to study.
Linking Verbs
Linking verbs connect the subject with a group or feeling and show condition or state of being:
Brandon is a teacher.
He feels angry.
Action verbs describe what the subject is doing, they show action:

William washed his hands.
Simple Future-
He will work.
Future perfect-
He will have worked.
Future continuous-
He will be working.
Future perfect continuous-
He will have been working.

-Present perfect shows that something has continued up to the present or is important to the present:
She has lived there her whole life.
I have lost my keys.
-Present perfect continuous shows that something has been continuing up to the present:
It has been raining for hours.


The difference between a regular and an irregular verb is the formation of the simple past and past participle. Regular verbs are dependably consistent. The simple past ends in -ed, as does the past participle.
Past perfect continuos shows that something had been continuing up to a time in the past:
It had been raining for hours.

-Past perfect continuous shows that something had been continuing up to a time in the past:
It had been raining for hours.
-Past perfect shows something continued up to a time in the past or had been important in the past:
They had been married for fifty years.
They had gone shopping.
-Future perfect shows that something will be complete at some time in the future:
I will have finished by tomorrow
.
The continuous tenses are formed with be and the -ing form of the verb
see -> saw -> seen
Full transcript