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Transcript of Verbs
Form, Tense, and Mood
Transitive and Intransitive
To + infinitive
The Verb Be
Shows the state of the verb or categorizes the subject
Am, is, are, was, were, been
Is the food hot?
I am working
I have worked
Present perfect continuous-
I have been working
He was working.
He had worked.
Past perfect continuous-
He had been working.
A phrasal verb is a verb plus a preposition or adverb which creates a meaning different from the original verb.
My favorite author is
a new book next month.
I couldn’t have a serious conversation with Barry because my sister kept
The government has
a committee to investigate possible fraud.
do -> did -> done
go -> went -> gone
have -> had -> had
take -> took -> taken
a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, and is the main part of the predicate of a sentence
Five basic forms:
third-person singular form-
present participle form-
past participle form-
The past and past participle forms are the same for regular verbs
For irregular verbs, the past and past participle forms will be different
There are only two tenses in English are indicated by the verb itself: past (-ed) and present. The other tenses are marked by words called auxiliaries (be, can, do, may, must, ought, shall, will, has, have, had)
These are the six basic verb tenses:
They have walked
They had walked
They will walk
They will have walked
Infinitive- a verb expressing an action or state without refencing a subject:
He is here to see you.
Indicative- a verb stating an apparent fact or asking a question:
Imperative- a verb stating a command or request, have an understood you:
[You] Sit Down.
Subjunctive- a verb expressing a doubt, desire, supposition, or condition contrary to fact:
If I were president...
Transitive- verbs where there is an object directly receiving the action:
Billy hit the baseball. The baseball was hit by Billy.
Intransitive- verbs where there is no direct object receiving the action or where the verb tells about the state of the subject:
Billy slept. Billy fell asleep.
Active and Passive Voice
Active and Passive voice are the two forms of transitive verbs
Active voice- the subject is acting on the object:
Carlos ate the sandwich.
Passive voice- the object is being acted upon by the subject:
The sandwich was eaten by Carlos.
Uses "to" followed by the infinitive form of the verb.
Used to answer the question,"Why?"
Jane showed up early to study.
Linking verbs connect the subject with a group or feeling and show condition or state of being:
Brandon is a teacher.
He feels angry.
Action verbs describe what the subject is doing, they show action:
William washed his hands.
He will work.
He will have worked.
He will be working.
Future perfect continuous-
He will have been working.
-Present perfect shows that something has continued up to the present or is important to the present:
She has lived there her whole life.
I have lost my keys.
-Present perfect continuous shows that something has been continuing up to the present:
It has been raining for hours.
The difference between a regular and an irregular verb is the formation of the simple past and past participle. Regular verbs are dependably consistent. The simple past ends in -ed, as does the past participle.
Past perfect continuos shows that something had been continuing up to a time in the past:
It had been raining for hours.
-Past perfect continuous shows that something had been continuing up to a time in the past:
It had been raining for hours.
-Past perfect shows something continued up to a time in the past or had been important in the past:
They had been married for fifty years.
They had gone shopping.
-Future perfect shows that something will be complete at some time in the future:
I will have finished by tomorrow
The continuous tenses are formed with be and the -ing form of the verb
see -> saw -> seen