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Direct Instruction Model
Transcript of Direct Instruction Model
Phase 3: Guided Practice
What is the guided practice?
Phase 2: Presentation
Phase 1: Introduction & Review
Phase 4: Independent Practice
What is independent practice?
The Direct Instruction Model
is a model that uses teachers demonstration and explanation combined with student practice and feedback to help learners acquire well-defined knowledge and skills needed for later learning.
Introduction & Review
The teacher introduces the lesson and reviews prior understanding.
The purpose of the introduction & review is to:
Attract students attention and draw them into the lesson.
Informally assess students current understanding to ensure that they have the prerequisite understanding needed to understand the skill.
Ex: "Good morning class! Can someone tell me what a shoelace is for? Has anyone ever tried to tie their shoe? Well today we are gonna be learning how to tie your shoe!"
What is the introduction?
The new skill is presented, explained and illustrated with high-quality examples.
What is the presentation?
The purpose of presentation is to:
Promote involvement of the students.
Ensure that students understand the skill.
Ex: "First you grab both ends of your shoelaces. Second you put one end other the other. Third you make bunny ears out of both laces. Forth you put one ear under the other. You're done! Yay!
Students practice the skill under the teacher's guidance
The purpose of the guided practice is to:
Begin the process of developing the skill
Ensure student success
The Direct Instruction Model is broken down in 4 phases
2 Objectives for The Direct Instruction Model
the ability to perform a skill essentially without thinking about it.
applying knowledge acquired in one context to a new context.
Ex. "Now that you know the steps to tie a shoe, let's all try tying a shoe together."
Students practice the skill on their own, with no help.
The purpose of the independent practice is to:
Develop automaticity with skill.
Promote transfer to new contexts
Ex. "Now that we have worked together in order to learn how to tie shoes, you are going to try it all by yourself!"