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Fall of Rome and the Middle Ages
Transcript of Fall of Rome and the Middle Ages
What did Roman culture and its people hold dear? What made it such an important Empire aside from its size?
The Fall of Rome and Middle Ages
What triggered the Fall of Rome? Did it happen overnight? Can it be traced to one specific event?
What were the Crusades? How many? Why did the Europeans feel they were necessary and what were they trying to accomplish? Did they succeed? How do they relate to us today?
How many Black Plagues were there? What was their role in this era? What kind of impact did they have beyond just the amount of people dead?
Describe the Dark/Middle Ages. How did/Why did it earn the name Dark Ages? What made it so dramatically different from the previous Roman era?
Knights practiced what is called Chivalry. Describe what it is. Judging our culture today is Chivalry is alive or dead? Why?
By Angel Dao
By Angel Dao
What are the Parts and Role of the Castle?
During the Middle Ages people were ranked in a hierarchy, or a social structure. Describe the various Titles/Positions of Middle Age society. How did there help shape the era? Any relation to today?
The Romans held various things dear. Some of the things they valued were their education, system of government and religion. Education was so their people could get higher paying jobs. Those who were poor could receive an education to be better off. When people got higher paying jobs, the government could tax them more. It was beneficial to everyone. The Romans valued their rights, so the system of government, which was democracy, was essential to put the power, in the hands of the citizens. Religion is a huge part of culture, it determines your beliefs, and your path in life. The Romans were originally polytheistic, however they eventually converted to Christianity. (1)(2)(3)(4)
Aside from the fact that Rome was huge, it was an extraordinary empire anyways. The things the Romans did impacted us greatly. Countless things the Romans valued, are still valued today. The significance of our rights as citizens, and the need for education, are values we have in common with the Romans. The fact that they made a lasting impression on western culture, is one you can't deny. The Romans made democracy popular,and it is the system of government we use in America today. The Roman Empire is immensely important, and it shaped considerable amounts of our society today. (1)(2)(3)(4)
The biggest factor in the Fall of Rome was the splitting of Western and Eastern Roman Empire. It most definitely did not happen overnight. Rome was already deteriorating once it split apart, it was declining over a gradual period of time. I doubt it can be traced back to one specific event. Though the Empire separating was a major part of it, other factors like, economic troubles, over expansion and political instability also contributed to Rome's fall. (1)(5)(6)(7)
The Middle Ages was filled with religious conflict. The Middle Ages earned the name the Dark Ages because of the "uncultured barbarians" that lived in this time period. While the Romans valued architecture and education, the Middle Ages were all about preserving their culture. Though the Romans also valued religion, in the Middle Ages, spreading their religion was the top priority. Educated citizens weren't essential anymore, all they needed were working citizens, that didn't need any type of education. Rome was this magnificent time of prosperity, while the Middle Ages was this repulsive, disgusting time period. (8)(9)(10)(11)(12)(13)
The Crusades were battles between the Muslims and the Christians. There were seven major Crusades. Europeans felt they needed to take back "holy city" for the Church. Jerusalem was the holiest city for the Jews and the Christians. The city was symbolic and people felt that if they helped reclaim the city then, their sins would be forgiven. They didn't quite succeed because, they didn't take back Jerusalem. However, they weren't complete failures. They didn't take back Jerusalem, but they didn't lose anything either. Unlike the Jews who were slaughtered because of the battles. The Muslims also didn't really win either, but they didn't lose Jerusalem, but they didn't gain anything. In the end, the Muslims came out on top out of the other two. Today, the situation is reversed. The Muslims are trying to reclaim Jerusalem and America is protecting, or should be protecting, Israel.
All three if these are caused by the Yersinia Pestis. The Black Plague had a massive role in this era, killing approximately 30% - 50% of the European population, it forced people to make advancements in science. The amount of dead obviously had an impact. Other things it effected were, labor, with the amount of dead there were many jobs left unfulfilled. That caused wages to increase, this in turn caused prices to increase too. The Church also lost its power because, people started to lose faith in it. Sickness and disease were thought to be punishments sent from god because of the sins people made. However, when their prayers weren't answered they then doubted the Church.
There were three types of Black Plague.
was a system upheld by that knights. Qualities of Chivalry were bravery, courtesy, honor, and gallantry towards women. In America, Chivalry is indeed dead.
, the showing politeness in attitude and behavior towards others. These days people rarely respect each other. Many people have no respect for those older than them. In turn, those older don't give them any respect back either.
is being faithful to what is believed to be right. Do people nowadays have any honor? We all know what's morally wrong yet we continue to
deceive others and laugh at those who are unfortunate like it's nothing. You can argue that Americans are brave, but are you sure that they're not just being stupid?
is having courageous behavior or character. You can not tell me jumping off the roof of a house is brave. Bravery is not something you likely did while drunk at a party and were convinced you could fly. Lastly
, polite attention or respect given by men to women. I highly doubt ogling at women is polite attention, which many men seem to practice today. Respect is frequently not given when women say no to advances.
may not be dead elsewhere, but in this country it is. (22)(23)(24)(25)
Royalty were the highest of all the classes. The King, Queen, Princes and Princesses were considered to be Royalty. The Clergy was not considered a social class. However, the Pope, had heavy influence over political decisions and is considered higher rank than even the King. After Royalty came Nobility. There are two types of Nobility, Hereditary Nobility and Non-Hereditary Nobility. Hereditary Nobility had blood relation to the Royal family. Dukes and Counts belonged to this class. Non-Hereditary Nobility gained power through non-familial means. Knights belonged to this class. Peasants were the lowest rank. Serfs belong to this class. The Pope is the highest rank. The King is next in the rank. Dukes come after the King. Counts work directly under a Duke. Knights are after them. Serfs are below Knights. (29)(30)(31)(32)
The lower class would aim for higher. One person's identity was decided before their own birth. If were to ignore their class and how they were to act, the order of society was in jeopardy. It is almost exactly the same today. Your identity is still decided by family, class and faith. We still aim for a higher class. Religion still influences political decisions. The only thing that is really different is how we name the classes. (29)(30)(31)(32)
Sir Lancelot and Queen Guinevere's Affair
Guinevere was King Arthur's Queen. Sir Lancelot was one of the best knights of the roundtable. At first Guinevere ignored Sir Lancelot . However, she eventually gave in and they became lovers. Sir Meliagaunt was suspicious of them, so he confronted Sir Lancelot with both the King and Queen present. This led to Lancelot challenging Meliagaunt to settle the issue. Sir Lancelot won by cleaving Meliagaunt's head, into two. Both Sir Lancelot and Queen Guinevere's honor was restored, but rumors still circled. Sir Agravain, Modred and King Arthur's nephew stormed int0 Guinevere's chambers, catching the two in bed with each other. Lancelot was able to fight his way out of the castle. Guinevere was caught by the guards.
Lady Jane Grey - Nine day Queen
She was the first female ruler of England. She was a Protestant, and she was faithful to her religion. When she accepted the crown she was deemed a traitor. Mary, her cousin, had fought her for the throne and overthrew her on her ninth day of ruling. Hence her nickname the Nine Day Queen. Mary and Jane had similar personalities. Mary tried to stop Jane's execution, but had to because, she was trying to reestablish the Catholic Church. Even when Jane was held prisoner in the Tower, she was treated well. Mary tried to save Jane one last time by sending Feckenham to convince her to switch to Catholic faith. Jane and Feckenham spent hours debating. Though Feckenhem could not convince her, Jane came to like him.
Moat - Water filled ditch surrounding the castle. It's purpose is to stop tunnelers and it creates a difficult barrier for attackers.
Drawbridge - Wooden platform raised by rope or chains. It allows/hinders entry into the castle.
Barbican - Outer castle defense, protects entrance to the castle. The narrow passage confines any attackers.
Portcullis - Inside the main gate to the castle. It is a metal or wood grilled door.
Arrow Slits - Slots/Windows in the castle used to shoot arrows through.
The Keep - Strongest point of the Castle. Last line of defense during an attack.
Every part of the Castle has a purpose. Many parts of the castle have one main role, and that is to protect it. (26)(27)(28)
After Jane was excecuted, Mary's rule was chaotic. Eventually she lost claim to the throne because of who she decided to marry. Even though Elizabeth was declared illegitimate through political scheming, she got claim over the throne when this occurred. She held the throne for 44 years.
Lady Jane Grey
When she was tried, she was sentenced to burn to death for her disloyalty. Sir Lancelot came back to rescue Guinevere. King Arthur attacked Lancelot's Castle but failed. Lancelot became a hermit and Guinevere became a nun. They both died some time later. (25)(33)(34)
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