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Conditionals (0, 1st, 2nd, 3rd)
Transcript of Conditionals (0, 1st, 2nd, 3rd)
O conditional is used for facts -- Things that are always TRUE!
Present simple is used in a similar way!
- I love pizza
- I play football every weekend
- I am Russian.
Can you make some True statements?
ANY way, back to 0 conditional:
We can use it to talk about what happens in particular situations:
When you press the button the light comes on.
Simon gets angry when we don't do our presentations!
If you don't eat you die.
If they don't have school they go to the beach
Or 'When' or 'Unless'
he gets there before me
, ask him to wait.
you are flying on a budget airline,
you have to pay for your drinks and snacks.
you have turned it on
, it wont work
means the same as 'if not'.
he asks you politely, refuse to do any more work on the project.
prices are rising, it's not a good investment.
you've been there yourself, you don't really understand how fantastic it is.
we are not talking about a specific event but something which is
If you visit London, go on the London Eye.
If unemployment is rising, people tend to stay in their present jobs.
If you've done that, go and have a coffee.
When you go on holiday, take plenty of sun cream. It'll be very hot.
When I'm concentrating, please don't make so much noise.
When I've finished an article, I always ask Kate to read it through.
If clause can use a variety of
-- Let's LOOK:
We use the First Conditional to talk about future events that are
If I go to New York again,
I'll buy you a souvenir from the Empire State Building.
If he's feeling better
, he'll come.
If she hasn't heard the bad news yet
, I'll tell her.
The 'if' clause can be used with different present forms.
The "future clause" can contain 'going to' or the future perfect as well as 'will'.
If I see him,
I'm going to tell him exactly how angry I am.
If we don't get the contract,
we'll have wasted a lot of time and money.
The "future clause" can also contain other modal verbs such as 'can' and 'must'.
If you go to New York, you must have the cheesecake in Lindy's.
If he comes, you can get a lift home with him.
First vs. Zero
For example (zero conditional):
if you sit in the sun, you get burned
(here I'm talking about every time a person sits in the sun - the burning is a natural consequence of the sitting)
But (first conditional):
if you sit in the sun, you'll get burned
(here I'm talking about what will happen today TO yOu!, another day might be different)
The first describes a particular situation, whereas the zero conditional describes what happens in general.
Two clauses: ‘
If clause’ + ‘main clause
They can go in any order
When we start with the ‘if clause’ we need a
in the middle
Threats, warnings, promises
If you touch me, I will kill you!
(useful at Mustang Bar!)
If you go to Sydney for NYE, bOok a room early.
If you give me ten bucks, I will give you a quick English lesson!
If I see you,
I'll shout you a beer.
If you see her,
If you are spending time in Paris,
If you haven't finished you meal,
If you’re going to act so stupidly,
If you cant keep you hands of her,
Tell her I love her
Visit the the bakers
You won’t be able to watch TV
‘If clause’ can use ‘unless’
“UNLESS” means “if.... not”
If my wife see us,
It's gonna be all over for us
We'll be in deep Sh&@#
You can forget about our holiday in Brisbane
Deny you know me
What form is the "if clause" in?
SIMON begins with a sentence, for example
“If I go out tonight, I’ll go to the cinema
.” The next person in the circle must use the end of the previous sentence to begin their own sentence. Eg “
If I go to the cinema, I’ll watch Charlie and the Chocolate Factory.
” The next person could say, “
If I watch Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, I’ll eat lots of chocolate.”
If I eat lots of chocolate, I’ll put on weight”
Use BINGO from word doc
Interview with a vampire
we don't use WILL in O conditional!!!!
some are used for 0 CONDITIONAL also!!!
Now you are an expert on second conditionals, let’s practice!
If you didn’t talk so much people
If I won the lottery, I
give all the money to charity.
If I saw her,
If I wasn't watching TV now, I would be playing football.
Sometimes this is called the unreal situation because the person is not doing anything.
They are just dreaming
Yes, there are two parts.
You can change the order of the two parts
It will still have the same meaning
If I had enough money I would go to Japan.
buy you some milk if I had some money
We can use other modal verbs in place of would.
If I had more money, I
buy a car. (Buying a car would be possible)
I am sitting at the table
I am eating my steak
I don’t want to get up until I’m finished eating
I’d change the TV channel if I wasn’t eating dinner
I was feeling tired before
I’m still feeling tired right now
I’m probably going to be feeling tired for a while yet
I’d go for a walk if I wasn’t feeling so tired.
When you are in the middle of something
You can use the past continuous
This is a very common expression
If I were you I wouldn’t do that.
If I was
If he was
If she was
If it was
But it is okay in conversation to use:
The verb "To be" uses
persons and number
If I were (not - i was shy)
If you were (not -you were shy)
If he were (not -he was shy)
If she were (not -she was shy)
If they were ( not they were shy)
But it’s not happening in the past?
If + won + would
If + ate + would
If + sang + would
If + talked + would
If + drank + would
If + studied + would
If +past verb + would
We create the second conditional by using
(It is impossible for me to be an alien. However, I am dreaming what I would do in this situation)
If I were an alien, I would be able to travel around the universe.
If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world and buy a castle in Norway.
We use the second conditional to talk about situations or actions in the
not likely to happen
If I were you, I wouldn’t go out with him
I wouldn’t go out with him if I were you.
If I would have enough money I would go to Japan.
(I think that it is very unlikely that I will win the lottery. However, in this unlikely condition, I will travel and buy a castle)
(I am watching TV, and imagining what I would do if I wasn't)
What would you do if you were SUPERMAN?
FAT? HANDSOME? A famous football player?
What would you do if u won the lotto/had a day of tomorrow/married the person next to you?
When would we use it ??
TRY it! Make a sentence using cont tense in the if clause!
1st vs 2nd
Note that the choice between the first and the second conditional is often a question of the speaker's attitude rather than of facts. Compare these examples.
– If I win the lottery, I'll buy a big house.
– If I won the lottery, I'd buy a big house.
– If I get promoted, I'll throw a big party.
– If I got promoted, I'd throw a big party.
– If my team win the Cup, I'll buy champagne for everybody.
– If my team won the Cup, I'd buy champagne for everybody.
Otto thinks these things are possible, Peter doesn't.
1st and 2nd bingo
Do the comic
Do conditional worksheet pdf
i'd be shy.
NOT JUST PAST SIMPLE!
If I wasn't studying now, I...
NOT JUST WOULD!
SLIDE SHOW GAME!
What would you do if you were hanging in NYC? Sydney? On the MOON?
BUt -- Remeber:
If we start with an "if clause" we need a:
100% - always
likely - future
impossible - past
<iframe width="436" height="274" src="http://storybird.com/books/if-you-dont-have-it-you-want- frameborder="0" allowfullscreen mozallowfullscreen webkitallowfullscreen></iframe>
We can use the Third Conditional to talk about
impossible because they are in the
and we cannot change what has happened.
If I had worked harder at school, I would have got better grades.
(i didn't - I sucked)
If I had had time, I would have gone to see him.
(But I didn't have time)
If we had bought that house, we would have had to rebuild the kitchen.
If we had caught the earlier train, we would have got there on time
(but we were late)
"NOT JUST WOULD"
If I had seen him at the meeting, I
have asked him.
(But he wasn't there so I didn't.)
If I had seen him at the meeting, I
have asked him.
( But he wasn't there so it wasn't possible.)
If I had seen him at the meeting, I
have asked him
(But I'm not sure. Perhaps if the opportunity had arisen.)
If I had paid more attention in class, I
have understood the lesson.
notice that sometimes the 'if clause' is implied rather than spoken.
I'd have done it.
("if you had asked me but you didn't.")
I wouldn't have said that.
("if I'd been there.")
He wouldn't have let him get away with that.
("if he had tried that with me.")
Now lets practice everything together:
Do conditional.doc from "third conditional folder"
Stuff from "all conditionals folder".
We are "dreaming"
I say hello
In the result clause, there can only be the present simple or imperative.
If you see a vampire, RUN!
If you get free food, eat!
If I see Jill, I say hi.
If I play volleyball, I feel tired.
Sex and the city!
Do the exercise b4 u watch!
Meet the Robinsons:
Maybe it will be sunny -- it's
Maybe Juan will leave -- it's
Maybe you will cook the supper -- it's
If you cook the supper, I'll wash the dishes.
Paula will be sad if Juan leaves.
f it's sunny, we'll go to the park.
Will it be sunny?
Will he leave?
Will they cook?
If we take John, he'll be really pleased.
--(will we take him?)
If you give me some money, I'll pay you back tomorrow.
(will you give me $$ ??)
If they tell us they want it, we'll have to give it to them.
If Mary comes, she'll want to drive.
If I see you, I will buy you a beer
If she is going to sing, ill leave
If she can't come, i'll give her a ride
“unless you shut up, Ill punch you”
If I saw a crocodile, I'd wrestle it.
If you cut me, I bleed.
If you drink, you get drunk.
If I see you at the gig, I'll introduce you to Tom.
If I knew Karate, I wouldn't need lessons.
If I had gone last night, I would have drunk too much.
If I see her,
If clause’ never uses will
Also we can use 'when' to emphasize that we think the situation is VERY likely.
"when I see you, I will tell you about her."
No WS: Just do from screen.
Don't watch film, it's boring...
Would & should
No WS. Just wATCH AND USE PROMPTS TO make sentences together.
WS - do before we watch
WS - do first.
If I had seen her,
I would have warned her
If + Past perfect
Would have + pp
CHILDREN OF MEN
1st vid - exercise 1
2nd vid -