Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Conditionals (0, 1st, 2nd, 3rd)

By Simon Friend
by

simon friend

on 9 April 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Conditionals (0, 1st, 2nd, 3rd)

CONDITIONALS:
O conditional is used for facts -- Things that are always TRUE!
Present simple is used in a similar way!
EG:
- I love pizza
- I play football every weekend
- I am Russian.

Can you make some True statements?
BTw:
ANY way, back to 0 conditional:
We can use it to talk about what happens in particular situations:
When you press the button the light comes on.

Simon gets angry when we don't do our presentations!

If you don't eat you die.

If they don't have school they go to the beach
Or 'When' or 'Unless'
If

he gets there before me
, ask him to wait.

When

you are flying on a budget airline,
you have to pay for your drinks and snacks.

Unless

you have turned it on
, it wont work
Notice that
'unless'
means the same as 'if not'.
Unless
he asks you politely, refuse to do any more work on the project.

Unless
prices are rising, it's not a good investment.

Unless
you've been there yourself, you don't really understand how fantastic it is.

we are not talking about a specific event but something which is

generally true
.
If you visit London, go on the London Eye.

If unemployment is rising, people tend to stay in their present jobs.

If you've done that, go and have a coffee.

When you go on holiday, take plenty of sun cream. It'll be very hot.

When I'm concentrating, please don't make so much noise.

When I've finished an article, I always ask Kate to read it through.
If clause can use a variety of
forms
-- Let's LOOK:
PRes simPle:
Pres cont:
Pres perfect:
Pres cont:
PRes simp:
PRES peRFect
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/type0/exercise1.swf
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/type0/exercise2.swf
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/type0/exercise2.swf
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/type0/exercise3.swf
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/type0/exercise4.swf
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/type0/exercise4.swf
homework:
http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/support-files/conditionals_zero_form.pdf
Computer work:
We use the First Conditional to talk about future events that are
likely
to happen.


If I go to New York again,
I'll buy you a souvenir from the Empire State Building.

If he's feeling better
, he'll come.

If she hasn't heard the bad news yet
, I'll tell her.
The 'if' clause can be used with different present forms.
Pres simp:
Pres cont:
Pres perf:
The "future clause" can contain 'going to' or the future perfect as well as 'will'.


If I see him,
I'm going to tell him exactly how angry I am.

If we don't get the contract,
we'll have wasted a lot of time and money.
GOing to
future perfect:
The "future clause" can also contain other modal verbs such as 'can' and 'must'.


If you go to New York, you must have the cheesecake in Lindy's.

If he comes, you can get a lift home with him.
must
can
First vs. Zero


For example (zero conditional):
if you sit in the sun, you get burned
(here I'm talking about every time a person sits in the sun - the burning is a natural consequence of the sitting)

But (first conditional):
if you sit in the sun, you'll get burned
(here I'm talking about what will happen today TO yOu!, another day might be different)
The first describes a particular situation, whereas the zero conditional describes what happens in general.
Two clauses: ‘
If clause’ + ‘main clause


They can go in any order

When we start with the ‘if clause’ we need a
comma
in the middle
REMEMBER:
Eg.
Threats, warnings, promises
-WHAT'S WHAT?

If you touch me, I will kill you!

(useful at Mustang Bar!)

If you go to Sydney for NYE, bOok a room early.

If you give me ten bucks, I will give you a quick English lesson!
If I see you,
I'll shout you a beer.
If you see her,
If you are spending time in Paris,
If you haven't finished you meal,
If you’re going to act so stupidly,
If you cant keep you hands of her,
Tell her I love her
Visit the the bakers
You won’t be able to watch TV
I’m leaving
leave
Pres simp
Pres cont
Pres perf:
Going to:
Modal axillary:

‘If clause’ can use ‘unless’
“UNLESS” means “if.... not”
If my wife see us,
It's gonna be all over for us

We'll be in deep Sh&@#

You can forget about our holiday in Brisbane

Deny you know me
Going to
modal
will
order!
,
What form is the "if clause" in?
remember!!!
What's what?
What's WHAT?
What's what?
SIMON begins with a sentence, for example
“If I go out tonight, I’ll go to the cinema
.” The next person in the circle must use the end of the previous sentence to begin their own sentence. Eg “
If I go to the cinema, I’ll watch Charlie and the Chocolate Factory.
” The next person could say, “
If I watch Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, I’ll eat lots of chocolate.”
Then, “
If I eat lots of chocolate, I’ll put on weight”
etc. etc.
BINGO:
Use BINGO from word doc
JACK ASS:
Start with:
Interview with a vampire
NOT JUST
WILL!!!
HOMEWORK:
http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/support-files/first_conditional_form.pdf
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/firstconditional/exercise1.html
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/firstconditional/exercise2.html
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/firstconditional/exercise3.html
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/firstconditional/exercise4.html
ALSO:

we don't use WILL in O conditional!!!!
some are used for 0 CONDITIONAL also!!!
PRIVATE PRACTICE
Now you are an expert on second conditionals, let’s practice!

If you didn’t talk so much people
might
listen.

If I won the lottery, I
might
give all the money to charity.
Might
If I saw her,
If I wasn't watching TV now, I would be playing football.
Sometimes this is called the unreal situation because the person is not doing anything.

They are just dreaming

Yes, there are two parts.
You can change the order of the two parts
It will still have the same meaning
Yes
If I had enough money I would go to Japan.

Never
Never
Never
Never put
would
in the
if clausE
Important
Important
important

I
could
buy you some milk if I had some money
Could

We can use other modal verbs in place of would.
If I had more money, I
could
buy a car. (Buying a car would be possible)
MODALS
I am sitting at the table
I am eating my steak
I don’t want to get up until I’m finished eating
I’d change the TV channel if I wasn’t eating dinner


I was feeling tired before
I’m still feeling tired right now
I’m probably going to be feeling tired for a while yet
I’d go for a walk if I wasn’t feeling so tired.

When?

When you are in the middle of something
You can use the past continuous
This is a very common expression
If I were you I wouldn’t do that.
If I was
If he was
If she was
If it was
But it is okay in conversation to use:
The verb "To be" uses
were
for
all
persons and number

If I were (not - i was shy)
If you were (not -you were shy)
If he were (not -he was shy)
If she were (not -she was shy)
If they were ( not they were shy)
But it’s not happening in the past?
If + won + would
If + ate + would
If + sang + would
If + talked + would
If + drank + would
If + studied + would
If +past verb + would

We create the second conditional by using
(It is impossible for me to be an alien. However, I am dreaming what I would do in this situation)
If I were an alien, I would be able to travel around the universe.
If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world and buy a castle in Norway.
We use the second conditional to talk about situations or actions in the
present
or
future,
which are
not likely to happen
or are
imaginary,

hypothetical
or
impossible.
Functions
& Examples
If I were you, I wouldn’t go out with him
I wouldn’t go out with him if I were you.
Yuk
If I would have enough money I would go to Japan.
Imaginary Possibilities
USED FOR:

(I think that it is very unlikely that I will win the lottery. However, in this unlikely condition, I will travel and buy a castle)
(I am watching TV, and imagining what I would do if I wasn't)
What would you do if you were SUPERMAN?
FAT? HANDSOME? A famous football player?
What would you do if u won the lotto/had a day of tomorrow/married the person next to you?
When would we use it ??
Show me!
TRY it! Make a sentence using cont tense in the if clause!
1st vs 2nd
Note that the choice between the first and the second conditional is often a question of the speaker's attitude rather than of facts. Compare these examples.


Otto
– If I win the lottery, I'll buy a big house.
Peter
– If I won the lottery, I'd buy a big house.

Otto
– If I get promoted, I'll throw a big party.
Peter
– If I got promoted, I'd throw a big party.

Otto
– If my team win the Cup, I'll buy champagne for everybody.
Peter
– If my team won the Cup, I'd buy champagne for everybody.
Otto thinks these things are possible, Peter doesn't.
http://www.slideshare.net/DavidMainwood/if-2nd-conditional-10449807#btnPrevious

http://efllecturer.blogspot.com.es/2011/12/what-would-happen-if-2nd-conditional.html
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/secondconditional/exercise1.swf
Private practice:
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/secondconditional/exercise2.swf
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/secondconditional/exercise3.swf
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/secondconditional/exercise4.swf
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/secondconditional/exercise5.swf
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/secondconditional/exercise6.swf
http://www.better-english.com/grammar/secondconditional1.htm
1st and 2nd bingo
Do the comic
Do conditional worksheet pdf
i'd be shy.
NOT JUST PAST SIMPLE!
If I wasn't studying now, I...
NOT JUST WOULD!
SLIDE SHOW GAME!
What would you do if you were hanging in NYC? Sydney? On the MOON?
INTRODUCTION!
FORM:
"BE" verb
BUt -- Remeber:
If we start with an "if clause" we need a:
,
100% - always
likely - future
unlikely/impossible future/present
impossible - past
0

1st



2nd



3rd
http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/radio/specials/1159_gramchallenge38/
<iframe width="436" height="274" src="http://storybird.com/books/if-you-dont-have-it-you-want- frameborder="0" allowfullscreen mozallowfullscreen webkitallowfullscreen></iframe>
3
We can use the Third Conditional to talk about
'impossible' conditions,
impossible because they are in the
past
and we cannot change what has happened.
If I had worked harder at school, I would have got better grades.
(i didn't - I sucked)
If I had had time, I would have gone to see him.
(But I didn't have time)
If we had bought that house, we would have had to rebuild the kitchen.
If we had caught the earlier train, we would have got there on time
.
(but we were late)
"NOT JUST WOULD"
If I had seen him at the meeting, I

would

have asked him.
(But he wasn't there so I didn't.)
If I had seen him at the meeting, I
could

have asked him.
( But he wasn't there so it wasn't possible.)
If I had seen him at the meeting, I
might

have asked him
.
(But I'm not sure. Perhaps if the opportunity had arisen.)
If I had paid more attention in class, I

would

have understood the lesson.
notice that sometimes the 'if clause' is implied rather than spoken.
I'd have done it.

("if you had asked me but you didn't.")

I wouldn't have said that.
("if I'd been there.")

He wouldn't have let him get away with that.

("if he had tried that with me.")
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/thirdconditional/exercise1.swf
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/thirdconditional/exercise2.swf
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/thirdconditional/exercise3.swf
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/thirdconditional/exercise4.swf
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/thirdconditional/exercise5.swf
Private study!
Now lets practice everything together:
Do conditional.doc from "third conditional folder"
AND:
Stuff from "all conditionals folder".
We are "dreaming"
about the
PAST
would
could
might
would
BUT:
I say hello
In the result clause, there can only be the present simple or imperative.
If you see a vampire, RUN!
If you get free food, eat!
(imperative)

If I see Jill, I say hi.
If I play volleyball, I feel tired.
(present simple)
http://efllecturer.blogspot.com.es/2011/12/what-would-have-happened-if-10.html
Grammar:
http://www.slideshare.net/DavidMainwood/3rd-conditional-10612779
Lets
play
a game:
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2008/09/sex-and-city-3rd-conditional-unreal.html
Sex and the city!
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2009/01/curious-case-of-benjamin-button-3rd.html
Benjamin button!
Do the exercise b4 u watch!
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2009/07/meet-robinsons-3rd-conditional.html
Meet the Robinsons:
SwingerS:
Bladerunner
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2010/01/blade-runner-2nd-conditional.html
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2009/09/swingers-2nd-conditional.html
http://efllecturer.blogspot.com.es/2011/12/what-will-happen-if-1st-conditional.html
Good one:
Grammar:
http://www.slideshare.net/DavidMainwood/what-will-happen-if-1st-conditional
Slide game:

http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2012/01/percy-jackson-lightning-thief-zero.html
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2008/11/100-feet-1st-conditional.html
100 feet:
http://efllecturer.blogspot.com.es/2011/12/what-would-happen-if-2nd-conditional.html
INTRODUCTION
0
EG:
Unless
forms
Percy Jackson
Work sheet
PRACTICE
1
st
INTRODUCTION
Maybe it will be sunny -- it's
LIKELY
Maybe Juan will leave -- it's
LIKELY
Maybe you will cook the supper -- it's

LIKELY
If you cook the supper, I'll wash the dishes.
Paula will be sad if Juan leaves.
I
f it's sunny, we'll go to the park.
Will it be sunny?
Will he leave?
Will they cook?

If we take John, he'll be really pleased.
--(will we take him?)
If you give me some money, I'll pay you back tomorrow.
(will you give me $$ ??)
If they tell us they want it, we'll have to give it to them.
If Mary comes, she'll want to drive.
Likely
Likely
Likely
Likely
If I see you, I will buy you a beer
Likely!
Comma
USES
Tenses
Going to:
If she is going to sing, ill leave
Modal:
If she can't come, i'll give her a ride
“unless you shut up, Ill punch you”
PRACTICE
2
nd
If I saw a crocodile, I'd wrestle it.
If you cut me, I bleed.
EXTRA points:
2 parts
PRACTICE
it/embed/?token=entumgvask"
rd
PRACTICE
If you drink, you get drunk.

If I see you at the gig, I'll introduce you to Tom.

If I knew Karate, I wouldn't need lessons.

If I had gone last night, I would have drunk too much.
If I see her,
(if clause)
(Main clause)
If clause’ never uses will
Also we can use 'when' to emphasize that we think the situation is VERY likely.
"when I see you, I will tell you about her."
!!!!!!!!
No WS: Just do from screen.
Don't watch film, it's boring...
(if clause)
(Main clause)
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2011/06/juno-2nd-conditional-with-would-and.html
JUNO
Would & should
No WS. Just wATCH AND USE PROMPTS TO make sentences together.
WS - do before we watch
WS - do first.
(if clause)
(Main clause)
INTRODUCTION
If I had seen her,
I would have warned her
If + Past perfect
Would have + pp
CHILDREN OF MEN
Watch 1st
WS:
1st vid - exercise 1
2nd vid -
exercise 2
MORE practice:
http://www.usingenglish.com/handouts/95.html
http://www.usingenglish.com/handouts/101.html
http://www.usingenglish.com/handouts/27.html
http://www.usingenglish.com/handouts/23.html
http://www.usingenglish.com/handouts/151.html
http://www.usingenglish.com/handouts/226.html
http://www.usingenglish.com/handouts/36.html
Full transcript