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Aboriginals in Australia

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Müller Pia

on 27 June 2013

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Transcript of Aboriginals in Australia

First Contact with non-Australians
First Contact with non-Australians
The British - James Cook
First Contact with non-Australians
The British - The First Fleet
60 000 - 45 000 b.C.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia
Aborigines, Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islander people or Murris, Wiradjuris?
Torres Strait Islands
First settlements: 45,000 – 60,000 on Greater Australia or Sahul
Birdsell’s hypothetical routes to Australia
First Contact with non-Australians
Watkin Tench
“We found the natives tolerably numerous as we advanced up the river,... they were assembled on the beach of the south shore, to the number of not less than forty persons, shouting and making many uncouth signs and gestures.... The Indians, though timorous, shewed no signs of resentment at the Governor's going on shore“
„I advanced with him towards them, at the same time baring his bosom and, shewing the whiteness of the skin. On the cloaths being removed, they gave a loud exclamation,“
„Our first object was to win their affections, and our next to convince them of the superiority we possessed: for without the latter, the former we knew would be of little importance.“
"A Deadly Encounter". H. Calvert, 1870s. Mitchell Library, State Library of NSW.
From the Djulirri rock shelter in Arnhem Land, Northern Australia. Painted in the 19th century
"From time immemorial, we believe as Aboriginal people, Australia has been here from the first sunrise, our people have been here along with the continent, with the first sunrise. We know our land was given to us by Baiami, we have a sacred duty to protect that land, we have a sacred duty to protect all the animals."

Jenny Munro, Wiradjuri nation
Aboriginal's point of view
A Narrative of the Expedition to Botany Bay, Chapter 8
Differences in education (2011)
Year 9 Förderschulabschluss/Hauptschulabschluss
Year 10 ≈ Realschulabschluss/Hauptschulabschluss
Year 11 ≈ Realschulabschluss mit Qualifikation für die Oberstufe
Year 12 ≈ Fach-/Abitur

Differences in Income (2008)
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
weekly household income of $ 580

non-indigenous Australians
weekly income of $ 644

Differences in Housing (2011)
Differences in Unemployment (2011)
Differences in Health (2011)
twice as likely to report fair/poor health

1 of 3 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people had experienced high/very high levels of psychological distress→
more than twice the rate for non-Indigenous people

Around 1 of 6 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged over 15 years (17%) drank alcohol at chronic risky/high risk levels

lower life expectancy →
10 years less than non-indigenous Australians

Stolen Generation
Forced removals of Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders from their families

From 1909 to 1969

Removal policy managed by the Aboriginies Protection Board

Official goal: give Indigenious children a better life
Seperation from their families, culture and communities

Exposure to Anglo-values and work habits

Forced to abandon their heritage

Low standard education or even trained as farm labourers or domestic servants

Put in institutions or adopted by non-indigenous families
Bringing them Home Report
released by the Australian Human Rights Commission in 1997

revealed the impact the removal policies had on the children and their families
National Apology
by Kevin Rudd on 13 February 2008
Aboriginals' Lives Today
The British were not the first to settle in Australia
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were the first
They have always been tensions between the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and the European settlers
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were mistreated
Stolen Generation scarred the people
Even though “the whites” apologized 50 years later indigenous Australians still suffer

The Archaeology of Ancient Australia, Peter Hiscock (2008)
Wikipedia (2013)
Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013)
Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013)
Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013)
Willem Janszoon

drew first maps of Australia
GEOEPOCHE: Das Magazin für Geschichte. Australien. Nr. 36 2009
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