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Transcript of J.R.R. Tolkien
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien or more commonly known as J.R.R. Tolkien, was born on January 3, 1892 in Bloemfontein, Orange Free State, South Africa. He died on September 2, 1973 in Bournemouth, Dorset, England, UK. J.R.R. Tolkien was an English writer, poet, philologist and university professor. He is best known for writing the books: The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings trilogy and the Silmarillion.
There and Back again...
J.R.R. Tolkien went on to get his first class degree at Exeter College, specializing in Anglo-Saxon and Germanic languages and classic literature. Later on, he signed up as a lieutenant in the Lancashire Fusiliers and served in the World War 1, making sure to continue writing as well. He fought in the battle of the Somme and was eventually released from duty due to illness. In the midst of his Military Service, he married Edith Bratt in 1916.
His famous books
J.R.R. Tolkien settled in England when he was a child. After his dad died from peritonitis, his mom settled with 4 year old J.R.R. and his younger brother Hilary, in the country hamlet of Sarehole, in Birmingham England. In 1904 his mother died, so the Tolkien Brothers were sent to live with a relative and boarding homes, with a Catholic priest assuming guardianship in Birmingham.
Early life continued...
J.R.R. Tolkien is best known as the author of the high classic fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings Trilogy, and The Silmarillion.
The Lord of the Rings Trilogy: The Fellowship of the Ring, The Two Towers, The Return of The King
Academic and Writing Career
J.R.R Tolkien's first civilian job after World War 1 was at the Oxford English dictionary. Continuing in his linguistics, J.R.R. Tolkien joined the University of Leeds, in 1920. While in Leeds, he produced a Middle English Vocabulary and other academic standard works. In 1925 he became a professor at the Oxford University.
During his time at Pembroke College he wrote The Hobbit and the first two volumes of The Lord of the Rings. He also published a philological essay in 1932 on the names "Nodens", following Sir Mortimer Wheeler's unearthing of a Roman Asclepeion at Lydney Park, Gloucestershire, in 1928.
He was a regular member of the Inklings, a group of friends consisted of creative writers and lovers of imaginative literature, among which are C.S. Lewis and Charles William.
He retired from professorial duties in 1959.
You guys probably
know J.R.R. Tolkien, but now you do. His legacy continues to interest every generation because of the amazing books he wrote, which were made into full length movies and radio dramas.
Most of the information is from these websites:
Second World War
In the second World War, J.R.R. Tolkien was earmarked as a "codebreaker". January 1939, he was asked whether he would be prepared in serving in the cryptographic department of the Foreign Office in the event of national emergency. Beginning on March 27, he took an instructional course at the London HQ of the Government Code and Cypher school. But ultimately, he never served as one.
In 1945, J.R.R. Tolkien moved to Merton College, Oxford becoming a professor there. He served as an external examiner for University College, Dublin for many years. He received an honorary degree from the National University of Ireland, in 1954. Later on he completed, The Lord of the Rings in 1948, close to a decade after the first sketches.
Family and Death
The Tolkiens had four children : John Francis Reuel Tolkien, Michael Hilary Reuel Tolkien, Christopher John Reuel Tolkien and Priscilla Mary Anne Reuel Tolkien.
His wife Edith died in 1971 while J.R.R. Tolkien died on September 2, 1973 at the age of 81.