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Transcript of MUSHROOMS!
The mushroom compost arrives on the growers farm
Compost is loaded into mushroom tunnel
WHAT IS CONTAINED IN THE MUSHROOMS?
Energy - 98kj
Protien - 3.6g
Fat - 0.3g
Cholesterol - 0g
Carbohydrate - 1.5g
Dietry Fiber - 2.5g
Thiamin - 0.03mg (27% RDI)
Ribo Flavin - 0.41mg (24% RDI)
Niacin - 4.1mcg (22% RDI)
Folate - 44mcg (22% RDI)
Sodium - 7mg
Potassium - 305mg
Calcium - 2mg
Iron - 0.2mg
Zinc - 0.2mg
Magnesium - 9mg
Salt - 0g
Casing arrives to be layered onto the compost. Casing is essential for the formation of mushrooms, it holds water protecting both the root system and mycelium.
THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF MUSHROOMS
BY JENA PETTINGILL
There are different types of mushrooms that are grown in australia incuding: Button mushrooms, Shiitake, Flats, Enoki, Shimeji, Potabella, King Brown, Cup, Swiss brown, Chestnuts, White fungus, Wood ear, White Oyster, Yellow Oyster and Pink Oyster mushrooms.
A layer of 5cm is applied onto the compost surface.
The peat then gets ruffeled which helps to stimulate growth.
The case run is then watered down and the temperature is kept at 25 degrees.
1 week later the temperature is lowered and fresh air is introduced. This process stimulates the formation of mushrooms.
2 weeks after, the mushrooms must be carefully handpicked.
The root is cut and the mushrooms are placed into punnets.
Picked mushrooms are moved into refrigeration to keep fresh until ready for collection.
Watering is required between flushes.
Eventually the compost becomes worn out and has to be removed.
Everything in the tunnel is then washed.
Mushroom production has to be kept clean and tidy, this helps prevent diseases from attacking the crop.
Industries pick the mushrooms by hand
so they can see what's ready or not. Most industries use trays stacked on top of each other
(A) for no light and moist air
(B) easier to pick
Mushrooms need damp dark places to grow otherwise the spore will die.
FUN FACTS ABOUT MUSHROOMS
DID YOU KNOW?
~Mushrooms are a fungus and unlike plants, mushrooms
do not require sunlight
~A single Portabella can contain more potassium than a
~Mushroom are made up of about 90% of water
~There are over 30 species of mushroom that actually
glow in the dark.
~The mushroom is a very nutritious food, differing
species can be a good source of vitamin B along with
essential minerals such as copper and potassium, while
fat, carbohydrates and salt content is very low
~Before synthetic dyes were made, mushrooms were used for dying
clothes, wool and other fabrics.
~Mushroom dyes are organic compounds that produce bright vivid
DID YOU KNOW?
1Serve of mushrooms (100g) provides over 20% of the daily needs of cooper and selenium