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BSA Citizenship in the World Merit Badge
Transcript of BSA Citizenship in the World Merit Badge
4c. Two Organizations
Amnesty International is a non-governmental organization focused on human rights with over 3 million members and supporters around the world. There are six key areas which Amnesty deals with:
Women's, children's, minorities' and indigenous rights
Abolition of the death penalty
Rights of refugees
Rights of prisoners of conscience
Protection of human dignity.
founded in 1945 after
WORLD WAR II
to replace the
LEAGUE OF NATIONS
to stop wars between countries and provide a platform for dialogue.
UN = United Nations
This international non-governmental organization stated mission is:
"to conduct research and generate action to prevent and end grave abuses of human rights, and to demand justice for those whose rights have been violated."
a diplomatic official of the highest rank, sent by one sovereign or state to another as its resident representative (ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary), usually for a specific length of time. He or she is a diplomatic official heading his or her country's permanent mission to certain international organizations; such as the United Nations; and are an authorized representative of a nation to deliver their nation's messages and protect the national interest of the nation they represent through diplomatic means
an official appointed by the government of one country to look after its commercial interests and the welfare of its citizens in another country, as well as providing assistance to Americans traveling abroad
is the principal international strategic communications service for the foreign affairs community. IIP designs, develops, and implements a variety of information initiatives and strategic communications programs, including Internet and print publications, traveling and electronically transmitted speaker programs, and information resource services. These reach--and are created strictly for--key international audiences, such as the media, government officials, opinion leaders, and the general public in more than 140 countries around the world.
Bureau of International Information Programs
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is the United States federal government agency primarily responsible for administering civilian foreign aid. President John F. Kennedy created USAID in 1961 by executive order to implement development assistance programs in the areas authorized by the Congress in the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. An independent federal agency, USAID receives overall foreign policy guidance from the United States Secretary of State and seeks to "extend a helping hand to those people overseas struggling to make a better life, recover from a disaster or striving to live in a free and democratic country
U.S Agency for International Development
The U.S. Commercial Service (CS), the trade promotion arm of the U.S. Department of Commerce's International Trade Administration, helps U.S. companies succeed in markets around the world. Led by Assistant Secretary of Commerce and Director General Suresh Kumar and located across the United States and in U.S. Embassies and Consulates in nearly 80 countries, the CS global network of trade professionals helps thousands of U.S. companies to export goods and services worth billions of dollars every year.
United States and Foreign Commercial Service
2. How do you become a Citizen of the United States?
By blood if born to parents who are already citizens of The United States
By soil if born within the legal borders of a nation
the person must file Form N-400, Application for Naturalization and then take the naturalization test which is 2 parts, English and Civics:
The civics test is an oral test. During your naturalization interview, you will be asked up to 10 questions from the list of 100 questions. You must answer 6 out of 10 questions correctly to pass the civics portion of the naturalization test.
1. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
2. What is the name of the national anthem?
God Bless the U.S.A.
The Star-Spangled Banner
My Country Tis of Thee
America the Beautiful
3. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
the Great Depression
4. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
World War II
World War I
freedom of speech, the right to bear arms, due process and freedom of religion
paying taxes, obeying laws getting an education and voting
Obligations are those elements of citizenship which are required under the law, for example, the obligation to obey the law and serving on a jury and paying taxes
Rights, Duties, and Obligations
similar - obligation to receive education, the duty to obey the law
different - the one-child policy, the social status of Tibetans, and lack of protections regarding freedom of press and religion. lack of legal rights, for want of an independent judiciary, rule of law, and due process. lack of freedom to move
Similarities and Differences
similar - you are entitled to equality before the law, freedom to travel, freedom of expression, religious liberty, etc.
If you are an Irish citizen, you are entitled to carry an Irish passport and leave Ireland to travel abroad, to vote in an Irish election and to be elected to government in Ireland and in the European Union. As an Irish citizen, you are also entitled to live, travel and work within the European Union/European Economic Area.
As an Irish citizen living in Ireland, you also have certain duties and responsibilities. For example, you are expected to observe and uphold the basic rule of law in Ireland and to serve on a jury if called upon.
different - Because of the Common Travel Area provisions between the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom, Irish citizens have a de-facto right of abode in the United Kingdom. However the entitlement to reside in the United Kingdom is not unconditional, and Irish citizens (who are not also British citizens) are subject to removal and deportation from the UK
1. What does citizenship in the world mean to you and what do you think it takes to be a good world citizen?
How should you behave while visiting another country?
Do my actions at home have an impact on others in the world?
What can I do to welcome visitors to our country?
A state is ordinarily said to be sovereign - i.e. capable of enforcing its own laws on its own territory, and only on its own territory
What is the difference?
agreements between countries in pacts called treaties
standardized weights and measures for the purposes of trade
American laws do not apply in France, even if the people involved are all American
How can it be used as a tool for conflict resolution?
What is the role of international law?
What rights do you have as a US citizen?
Bill of Rights
Amendment 1 - Freedom of Religion, Press
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
Amendment 2 - Right to Bear Arms.
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
Amendment 3 - Quartering of Soldiers.
No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
Amendment 4 - Search and Seizure.
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
Amendment 5 - Trial and Punishment, Compensation for Takings.
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.
Amendment 6 - Right to Speedy Trial, Confrontation of Witnesses.
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.
Amendment 7 - Trial by Jury in Civil Cases.
In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
Amendment 8 - Cruel and Unusual Punishment.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
Amendment 9 - Construction of Constitution.
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.
—from the Fourteenth Amendment.
Follow All Regulations
In America, it is a citizen's duty to obey the laws enacted by the government, interpreted by the courts, and enforced by the police.
Citizens are often called for jury duty, which they are required to perform. In the United States, all suspects have a right to due process and a trial by jury. Part of ensuring that the criminal justice system works properly is having citizens serve on juries in trials.
If you are witness to a crime, you could be summonsed as a witness. It is your duty as a citizen to inform the authorities of everything that you saw. You could also be called if you did not witness the crime but have information relevant to the case.
It is all American citizens' constitutional duty to pay taxes. Taxes are necessary to ensure that various services can be provided, such as national defense, infrastructure, public works, government operations and more.
Selective Service System
When American male citizens become 18 years old, they must register with the Selective Service System. Should the government employ a military draft, this is how the government would choose those who would be drafted.
What duties do you have as a US citizen?
What obligations do you have as a US citizen?
How do our rights obligate us? go back and review
definition of duty: A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance.
definition of obligation:A generic term for any type of legal duty or liability.
In its original sense, the term obligation was very technical in nature and applied to the responsibility to pay money owed on certain written documents that were executed under seal. Currently obligation is used in reference to anything that an individual is required to do because of a promise, vow, oath, contract, or law. It refers to a legal or moral duty that an individual can be forced to perform or penalized for neglecting to perform.
What happens if you do not understand or exercise your rights?
5a Discuss the differences between constitutional and nonconstitutional governments.
Constitutional government must meet 3 requirements:
limited in power
follow a higher law
Nonconstitutional Governments rule without restraint or limitations. It is an authoritarian government that rules as long as it pleases or until overthrown.
5 b Name 5 different types of governements currently in power in the world. see chart on page 27 to start.
5 c Show on a world map countries that use each of these 5 different forms of government.