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Transcript of LSD
"Hallucinogenic Drugs - What Are Hallucinogens? Street Names for LSD - Drug-Free World." Hallucinogenic Drugs - What Are Hallucinogens? Street Names for LSD - Drug-Free World. Foundation for a Drug-Free World., n.d. Web. 18 May 2015.
Lysergic Acid Diethylamide
Also known as:
acid, dots, golden dragon, zen, yellow sunshine, loony toons, pane, battery, boomers, & lucy in the sky with diamonds
How does this affect the synapse ?
* LSD imitates serotonin.
Long Term Effects
- think irrationally
History of LSD
LSD was first synthesized in 1938 by Dr. Albert Hoffman.
It was discovered to be psychoactive in 1943 & made illegal to possess in 1968.
The mandatory penalty for possession of 1 gram of LSD is 5 years in prison.
LSD is produced from lysergic acid, found in ergot,a fungus that grows on grains,such as rye.
Capsules & Tablets
LSD is added to absorbent paper, and then divided into squares.
serotonin: a neurotransmitter that is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses.
"Lysergic Acid Diethylamide - LSD." Lysergic Acid Diethylamide - LSD. Claire Rosling, n.d. Web. 21 May 2015.
- LSD distorts perception of time, space, and existence.
- It creates hallucinations and sometimes flashbacks. An hallucination is "hearing" colors and "seeing" sounds.
- The user has no control over their life. They're in a "world" full of delusions and hallucinations. They cannot think clearly and rationally about their decisions.
Which part of the brain is affected by the drug?
The cerebral cortex, which is responsible for mood, reasoning, and perception, is affected.
The Locus Ceruleus is also affected. It's responsible for feelings of wakefulness and evoking a startle response.
"Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD)." TheFreeDictionary.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2015.
- LSD can impair motor skills by having poor coordination, muscle weakness, trembling, and nausea. It also causes dilated pupils and increased blood pressure.
Is overdose possible?
LSD is not life threatening on its own. It can be life threatening, if it's taken with other life altering substances.
The irrational thoughts may be dangerous to the user taking it, or others around them.
LSD is NOT physically addictive.
- It does not produce drug-seeking behavior. It's not a drug that people want to do right away.
- The "trip" is usually 8-12 hours long depending on the dosage.
- Tolerance builds up rapidly. Using the same amount takes away the effect. Users take more to get a better "trip."
LSD is psychologically addicting.
- The "high" is satisfying to them and they want to repeat the experience.
- The hallucinogenic effect makes people not be able to function or have any sense of reality.
-bad trips can last from hours, days, or weeks
-impaired memory or concentration
-Intense mood swings and emotional disturbances
-Hallucinations that merge and distort the senses (you may see colors, or feel sounds)
In 1951, military saw it as a potential chemical weapon.
How you feel after taking a dose of LSD
"Long-Term Effects of LSD." Long-Term Effects of LSD. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2015.
-Over 20 million Americans over the age of 12 have used LSD at least once in their lives.
-Almost 750,000 Americans ages 12 to17 have used LSD at least once.
-More than 4 million Americans between the ages of 18 and 25 have used LSD at least once.
-Over 8 percent of 12th graders in American high schools have used LSD at least once.
How is it affecting today's society?
This is how mood changes occur.
- LSD interferes with how serotonin receptors work. It may inhibit or stimulate neurotransmission.
- The reason people do it is because they want to. It's not because they feel like they need to.