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Chapter 2

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by

Elena Serda

on 24 September 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 2

Tonkawas
LIFESTYLE-
Partly buffalo hunters; some did a little farming in spring
and fall villages

FOOD-
Buffalo; corn, beans, pumpkins, and watermelon

HOUSING-
Tipis covered with buffalo skins

CULTURAL/ RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES-
Fierce fighters. Elected a chief through voting. Bands came together for religious or social ceremonies.

APPEARANCES-
Deerskin clothes and buffalo robes to keep warm in the winter.

AREA OF SETTLEMENT-
Great Plains.

Lived in Panhandle, but kept getting pushed south by the Comanches

INTERESTING FACT
- One of the first to ride horses.
Apaches
Tiguas
LIFESTYLE-
Before they moved to TX they were poor hunters and gatherers. After they got horses from the Spanish they moved to the plains to hunt buffalo-nomads

FOOD-
Buffalo

HOUSING-
Tipis

CULTURAL/ RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES-
Each band had a chief with limited power. He had to get council’s approval.

APPEARANCES-
Adult males were members of the council. Painted their bodies and wore buffalo hide clothing. Women had short hair. Men had long braids.

AREA OF SETTLEMENT-
Great Plains. Panhandle area. often took land from other tribes

INTERESTING FACTS-
Butchered the animals where they fell. Made some of the meat into beef jerky or pemmican.
Comanches
Chapter 2
NATIVE TEXANS
LIFESTYLE-
Nomadic, buffalo hunters

FOOD-
Buffalo

HOUSING-
Tipis

CULTURAL/ RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES-
Traveled in bands. Sun Dance- men danced for 3 or 4 days without rest or food or drink

APPEARANCES-
Similar to Comanche

AREA OF SETTLEMENT-
Great Plains. Only very northern part of Panhandle

INTERESTING FACTS-
Rode horses; lots of raiding other tribes; bitter enemies of Comanche for 50 years, then became allies

Kiowas
Jumanos
LIFESTYLE-
Farming, hunters and gatherers, and traders

FOOD-
Corn, beans, squash, got meat and nuts from trading

HOUSING-
Pueblos made of adobe bricks

APPEARANCES-
Painted horizontal lines on their faces, women wore long braids, men had short hair with one long piece tied to feathers

AREA OF SETTLEMENT-
Mountains/Basins. West Texas, between Pecos and Rio Grande Rivers

INTERESTING FACTS-
Called, “striped people” by the Spanish because of their body painting
Caddo
LIFESTYLE-
Farmers and hunters and gatherers

FOOD-
Corn, beans, squash, deer, rabbits, antelope

HOUSING-
Pueblos

CULTURAL/ RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES-
Council elected a chief who served for rest of his life.Held council and religious meetings in a special room-Kiva- adopted many aspects of Catholic religion from Spanish

AREA OF SETTLEMENT-
Mountains/Basins. Rio Grande – near present day El Paso

INTERESTING FACTS-
Oldest living Indians still living in Texas on a reservation in ElPaso

LIFESTYLE-
Before they got pushed off their land they hunted buffalo. They had to become hunters and gatherers.

FOOD-
They ate buffalo at first, then they had to eat roots, seeds, fruit, acorns, pecans, rabbits, skunks, rats, rattlesnakes, and land turtles.

HOUSING-
Tipis covered in buffalo hides.

CULTURAL/ RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES-
War chief was the leader.

REGION OF SETTLEMENT-
Great Plains. First lived on the Edwards Plateau and in the hill country. They got pushed off their land by the Apaches and Comanches off their land.

INTERESTING FACTS-
They tried to move back to the plains where buffalo were when they got horses, but the Comanches and Apaches would not let them.
LIFESTYLE-
Mostly farming, some hunting

FOOD-
Corn, bean, squash, sunflower seeds; deer and small animals, fish

HOUSING-
Large cone-shaped buildings covered with cane and woven grass. Decorated with rugs, baskets & pottery

CULTURAL/ RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES-
Most advanced culture; chief also served as high priest-gods talked through him, sacred temple/fire, built mounds for various purposes.

APPEARANCES-
Black tanned deerskin clothing; in the winter they wore clothes made from buffalo skins; tattoos

AREA OF SETTLEMENT-
Coastal Plains. Piney Woods area.

INTERESTING FACTS-
Used dogs to hunt, used advanced tools; lazy people ate last; named Texas because when they first met the Spanish they were yelling “Tay-Yas”
Atakapan (2 types)
LIFESTYLE-
Bidais: farmers with some hunting
Akokisas: hunters and gatherers

FOOD-
Bidais: corn, deer, some buffalo
Akokisas: fish, bear, wild plants

HOUSING-
Bidais: permanent housing
Akokisas: (winter time) dome-shaped huts covered in animal skins

AREA OF SETTLEMENT-
Bidais: coastal plains- shouthern edge of Piney Woods
Akokisas: coastal plains- along Galveston Bay.

INTERESTING FACTS-
Two different bands lived in Texas- Bidais and Akokisas.

Wichita
LIFESTYLE-
Farmed in Spring thru Fall; hunted buffalo in Winter

FOOD-
Corn, pumpkins, squash, melons, beans, and plums

HOUSING-
(Winter) Tipis, (Rest of the year) permanent houses in villages

APPEARANCE-
Shorter and darker that most other Texas tribes. Men tattooed their faced to look like raccoons. Women also had various tattoos

AREA OF SETTLEMENT-
North Central Plains. South of the Red River and along the Brazos.

INTERESTING FACTS-
They called themselves “raccoon eyes”.
They got horses from the Kiowas and became part-time buffalo hunters in the winter.

Coahuilticans
LIFESTYLE-
Hunters and Gatherers

FOOD-
Snakes, lizards, deer, wild pigs, armadillos, worms, snails, spiders, bugs, leaves, cactus, nuts, beans

HOUSING-
Dome-shaped huts- bent young trees covered with reed mats and animal hides

CULTURAL/ RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES-
Lived in small bands.
Did not like to engage in war/fighting.

AREA OF SETTLEMENT-
Coastal Plains.

Harsh environment between San Antonio and Corpus Christi. Got pushed around off of their land because they would not fight back.

INTERESTING FACT-
Most died from European diseases or moved to Mexico.

Karankawas
LIFESTYLE-
Fishing and hunters-gatherers.

FOOD-
Fish, deer, fruits, seeds, and wild plants.

HOUSING-
dome-shaped huts made from bent branches covered with animal skins and/or grass mats.

CULTURAL/ RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES-
Used smoke-signals to communicate with other villages or bands. Very warlike and practiced ceremonial cannibalism.

APPEARANCES-
Taller than most other Indians-most of the men were over 6 feet tall. Men pierced their lower lips and chests with small pieces of cane. They wore very little clothing, especially in the warmer months. Clothes were made from deerskin or Spanish moss.

AREA 0F SETTLEMENT-
Coastal Plains- even out on the islands like Galveston.

INTERESTING FACTS-
Had two “homes”. They lived on the coast/beaches during the part of the year when big fish come into the bays and then moved onto the mainland part of Texas when those big fish move back out to sea.
Had canoes made out of hollowed out logs.

Think about it....write about it....
How does geography affect your:
o Lifestyle
o The type of house you live in
o The food you eat Food
o Interactions with others

https://todaysmeet.com/Ch2NativeTexans
Think about it....write about it...
Based upon their geographic location, which tribe would most likely eat fish, shellfish, turtles, and waterfowl?
A. Comanches
B. Caddoes
C. Coahuiltecans
D. Karankawas

https://todaysmeet.com/Ch2NativeTexans
Think about it...write about it...
Which Native American group lived in the High Plains region of Texas?
A. Coahuiltecans
B. Caddoes
C. Jumanos
D. Comanches

https://todaysmeet.com/Ch2NativeTexans
Full transcript