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Instruments of The Orchestra

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Jennifer Hodgson

on 13 December 2016

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Transcript of Instruments of The Orchestra

The Conductor
Orchestral String Instruments
Brass Instruments
Woodwind Instruments
Tuned Percussion
(You don't need to write this down)
The conductor directs musical performances by making gestures that the orchestra knows and understands.
The job of the conductor is to unify performers, set the tempo, and to listen so they can shape the sound of the orchestra.
Orchestras, choirs, concert bands, wind ensembles and other musical groups have conductors.

The Instruments
of the Orchestra

Has four strings that must be tuned.
Smallest, highest-pitched member of the family of string instruments.
The violin is sometimes informally called a fiddle.
The viola is also bowed string instrument.
It is slightly larger than a violin and has a deeper sound. It is in the middle in sound and size between the Violin and the Cello.
The cello is a bowed string instrument with four strings.
A person who plays a cello is called a cellist.
It is the second largest bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.
A cello has an end pin
Double Bass
The double bass, also called the string bass, or upright bass.

It is the largest and lowest-pitched orchestal string instrument in orchestra

A bass also has an end pin
The piccolo is a half-size flute

The piccolo produces is the highest pitch in woodwind family.
Flutes are the earliest known musical instruments.
Flutes are a woodwind because they used to be made of wood.
Professional flutes have open holes
The oboe is a double reed musical instrument in the woodwind family.
Sound is produced by blowing into the
reed and vibrating a column of air.
The distinctive oboe tone has been
described as "bright."
English Horn
The cor anglais or English horn (American English), is a double-reed woodwind instrument that's closely related to the oboe.
Bigger version of the oboe
Pitch is lower than the oboe.
The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the
double reed
The bassoon has a warm, dark, reedy timbre.
Someone who plays the bassoon is called a bassoonist.
The BOCAL is the part that holds the reed

Trumpets are among the oldest musical instruments, dating back to at least 1500 BC.
Early version used in war (bugle)
Students must buzz lips into mouthpiece creating vibrations
French Horn
The horn (also known as the corno)

Made of about 12–13 feet (3.7–4.0 m)
of tubing wrapped into a coil
Sound is produced when the player’s vibrating lips cause the air column inside the instrument to make noise.
Trombones have a slide mechanism that varies the length of the instrument to change the pitch.
The tuba is the largest and lowest-pitched brass instrument.
Sound is produced by vibrating or buzzing the lips into the mouthpiece.
Newest additions to the modern symphony orchestra and first appeared in the mid-19th century.
Sousaphone - Marching tuba. Wraps around neck. Invented by John Phillip Sousa
Snare (side) Drum
The snare drum is an unpitched percussion instrument.
It is often used in orchestras, marching bands concert bands, and drum corps.
The snare drum has rattles (called snares) of gut, metal wire or synthetics stretched across the bottom of the drumhead.
Bass Drum
A bass drum is a large drum that produces a low definite or indefinite pitch.
Bass drums are percussion instruments and are usally quite large.
They are used in several musical genres
The triangle is a musical instrument in the percussion family. It is a bar of metal, usually steel but sometimes other metals like beryllium copper, bent into a triangle shape. The instrument is usually held by a loop of some form of thread or wire at the top curve. It was first made around the 16th century.
A woodblock is a small piece of slit drum
made from a single piece of wood and
used as a percussion instrument. It is
struck with a stick.
Temple Blocks
The temple block is a percussion instrument originating in China, Japan and Korea where it is used in religious ceremonies. It is a carved hollow wooden instrument with a large slit. In it's modern form it's a rectangula shape. Several block sizes are often used together to give a variety of pitches.
Castanets are a percussion instrument, used in Kalo, Moorish, Ottoman, ancient Roman, Italian, Spanish, Sephardic, Swiss, and Portuguese music. The instrument consists of a pair of concave shells joined on one edge by a string.
Maracas are a native instrument of Latin America. They are percussion instruments, usually played in pairs. Often one ball is
pitched high, and the other is pitched low.
Claves are a percussion instrument,
consisting of a pair of short (about
20–30 cm), thick wooden sticks. When
struck they make a bright clicking
noise. Claves are sometimes hollow
in the middle to make the sound
The guiro is a Latin-American percussion instrument consisting of an open-ended,
hollow gourd (Hard Skinned Fruit) with
parallel notches cut in one side. It is
played by rubbing a stick or tines along
the notches to produce a sound.
The tambourine is a musical
instrument in the percussion
family consisting of a frame,
often of wood or plastic, with
pairs of small metal jingles,
called zils.
Timpani, or kettledrums, are musical instruments in the percussion family. A
type of drum, they consist of a skin
stretched over a large bowl traditionally
made of copper. They are played by striking
the head with a specialized drum stick
called a timpani stick or timpani mallet.
The xylophone is a musical instrument in
the percussion family that consists of
wooden bars struck by mallets.

Each bar is tuned to a pitch of a musical scale.
A glockenspiel is a percussion instrument with
a set of tuned keys arranged in the fashion of
the keyboard of a piano.

It is similar to the xylophone; however, the xylophone's bars are made of wood, while the glockenspiel's are metal plates or tubes.

They are often times called bells.
The marimba is a musical instrument in the percussion family.
It consists of a set of wooden bars with resonators.
The bars are struck with mallets to produce musical tones.
The bars are arranged like a piano. This instrument is a type of xylophone, but
with a broader and lower tone.
The vibraphone is a musical instrument in
the the percussion family. The vibraphone
is similar in appearance to the xylophone, marimba and glockenspiel
The piano is a musical instrument that is designed to be played by pressin on the keyboard. It is one of the most popular instruments in the world. Used mostly in classical and jazz music for solo performances, ensemble use, chamber music. The piano is
also very popular as an aid to composing
and rehearsal. Although not portable and
often expensive.
The harp is a multi-string instrument which has the strings positioned perpendicularly to the soundboard and has pedals
Thanks For Watching
Music Appreciation
The clarinet is a type of woodwind instrument that has a
a mouthpiece, a straight cylindrical tube and a flaring bell.
A person who plays the clarinet is called a clarinetist
*bigger instruments sound lower

Any instrument you shake, strike or scrape
There are four saxophones
The Soprano, Alto,Tenor and Baritone saxophones
Single reed instrument
Considered a woodwind
Full transcript