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Illegal Drugs

(War on Drugs)
by

Ian Stan Rock

on 14 May 2013

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Transcript of Illegal Drugs

In June 1971, President Richard Nixon declares the "war on drugs". He initiates the first federal funding for treatment programs, launches a massive effort in Mexico, and creates the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) in 1973. Nixon achieved his goal of stop marijuana trade from Mexico by spending hundred of millions of dollars to close the border between Mexico and the U.S. , but Columbia and other South America countries soon took Mexico's place as a source for Marijuana trade.
In 1977, the Carter administration called for decriminalization of marijuana and was focused on taking out the drugs themselves and not the drug addicts. The drug cocaine became popular during the late 1970's and early 1980's and was connected to marijuana. The government then moved away from decriminalization afterwards Obstacle 1 Obstacle 2 Obstacle 3 Goal Start What's the Problem? Obama's drug policy enforcement has not differed much from Bush's drug policy enforcement.
In Obama's 2013 budget, his administration requested $25.6 billion in federal spending on the drug war. The total cost added from the federal and state level total up to $51 billion.
More than half of the federal prison population consists of people incarcerated for drugs. Different Views on Illegal Drugs and Addiction in the U.S. The Government should even out spending for the war on drugs. They should spend less money on fighting drug cartels in Mexico and other Latin/South American countries, and more towards treatment of individuals and controlling the entire U.S. border (not just the Mexican border). People who committed possession of drugs should get heavier fines and treatment options, not years in prison. Doing this will help save money for the federal government, which they can then use toward other Drug War efforts. (decriminalization in a sort). This will help get people back on track with their lives who want a second chance and slow down the rapid increase of the prison population. Illegal Drugs and the War Ian, Dylan, Nimmer, Erin, Payton, Heather Government Past Action The History of the "War on Drugs" Governments Current Effort Colonial/Moralist View - people who use drugs are the ones that should be punished and would be a crime (Reagan's "Zero Tolerance" Policy)
Temperance View - the drug itself is the problem and a drug policy should focus on drug smugglers, dealers, and cartels.
Disease Concept View - views addiction as a treatable disease and does not blame the user nor drug supplier. Concept focuses on drug treatment and rehabilitation. Recent Government Efforts Incarceration Drugs flow through Central America and Mexico into the United States where it is illegal to possess, use, or distribute. 95% of cocaine and 67% of marijuana flows through the Mexican border. Cartels are the main source of these drugs, many based in South America.
America's prison population is reaching an all time high because of low-level offenses.
We are spending large amounts of money toward the "War on Drugs" effort 1970's 1980's The average funding of eradication programs rose from $437 million under Carter to $1.4 billion under Reagan's first term. The rates of incarceration increased tremendously under the Reagan Administration in the beginning of the 1980's, mostly because of increased effort in the Drug War. The "Zero Tolerance" program made drug users full accountable for taking drugs and prosecuted them for possession.
In September 1989, Americans polled to determine what the nations number one problem was. Drug Abuse received a 64% vote. Mexico 'Murica 1990's Clinton's administration advocated treatment over incarceration and doubled the spending of the rehabilitation and prevention programs. He also earmarked an extra $1 billion for the governments drug policy.
The 1995 budget included $13.2 billion towards the drug policy. $5.4 billion of which was spent towards education, rehabilitation, and prevention.
At the end of Clinton's presidency, Clinton had an interview with the Rolling Stones Magazine in which he stated that the U.S. needed a reexamination of the entire drug policy on imprisonment. 2000's George W. Bush began his presidency when the drug war started to fail. His Drug Czar, leader of drug control, focused on marijuana control and campaigned to promote student drug testing. There was also a high-rate of low-level marijuana arrests in larger metropolitan areas like New York City.
Bush's administration was famous for a rapid escalation of the militarization in domestic drug law enforcement. Head, Tom. "History of the War on Drugs." About.com Civil Liberties. About.com, n.d.
Web. 02 May 2013.

"The United States War on Drugs." The United States War on Drugs. Stanford
University, n.d. Web. 02 May 2013.

"A Brief History of the Drug War." Drug Policy Alliance. Drug Policy Alliance, n.d. Web.
02 May 2013.

Sledge, Matt. "The Drug War And Mass Incarceration By The Numbers." The
Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 08 Apr. 2013. Web. 02 May 2013. Our Groups Solution and View Views on Drugs and Its Abuse Estimated Cost to Implement Our Solution The government should budget a $30 billion drug policy and split the money in to thirds to go towards treatment care, border control, and taking down cartels: Approximately $10 billion per case. Why Our Solution Will Work Decriminalizing non-violent low-level prisoners will save the government a lot money. It costs around $22,000 per year to keep a person in jail. Approximately 100,000 people are in federal prison for possession of drugs and are serving a couple of years. If we decriminalize a third of that number, the federal government would save around $760 million a year.
Money saved can then be spent on more fighting efforts on the War on Drugs or other useful places.
Focusing more on treatment then incarceration, our solution will keep the prison populations lower and give previous drug users a second chance for a better life than before. These individuals will be able to contribute towards making our country a better place. Measuring Effectiveness of Our Solution Poll the public and government officials to determine if treatment options are the best way to go and if discriminating low-level offenders will save money for the federal government. The End Works Cited
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