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Subordinate Word Groups
Transcript of Subordinate Word Groups
to the Commander in Chief. Phrases have EITHER a subject OR a verb... never both. Appositives Verbal phrases Absolutes Appositives rename nouns or pronouns Barack Obama, the Presdient of the United States, visited the troops. Absolute phrases modify an entire clause. We don't use them much in everyday conversation. His hands rough from a lifetime of manual labor, the father buttoned his son's jacket tenderly. Infinitive Phrases Gerund Phrases Participial Phrases start with verbs that are not functioning as verbs. The verbs in participial phrases come in the forms of participles, either A Present Participle or A Past Participle These end in -ing These end in -ed or -en written spoken reached bridging being eating These phrases ALWAYS function as adjectives. The primary source document, written in the 14th century, had to be handled with care. Masquerading as a policeman, the robber easily gained entrance into the bank. Gerunds are present participles that function as nouns. I like swimming. Edith enjoys basking in the sunshine. Infinitive prases begin with the ifinitive form of the verb "to _________ " To infinitive, and beyond! The greatest thing you'll ever learn is just to love These are the voyages of the starship Enterprise. Its 5-year mission: to explore strange new worlds,
to seek out new life and new civilizations,
to boldly go where no man has gone before. and to be loved in return. They have both a subject AND a verb. They can function
as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. But how can a group of words as one part of speech? Let's start with the simplest one. nouns Clauses that function as Whoever ate last piece of cake is going to pay! subject Everyone can argee that subordinate word groups are BORING. direct object I gave the best grade to whoever wrote the best essay. indirect object When I go surfing, I will wait for whichever wave seems the best. object of the
preposition Australia is where kangaroos live. subject complement adverbs adjectives These clauses usually answer the questions "which one?"
or "What kind?" The teacher chose students What kind?? The teacher chose students who wouldn't cause a ruckus. These clauses usually answer the questions
How? The bikers got off the road when?? The bikers got off the road when it started raining so heavily they couldn't see.