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Michelle Davidson

on 28 April 2010

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Transcript of Vietnam

Michelle (: Vietnam War How Did the American Involment in the Vietnam War Escalate? The Americans joined the war in the early 1950's. The reason we joined the war was because we wanted to contain the communist and keep them from spreading. It wasn't a big concern at first until John F. Kennedy was assassinated and Lyndon B. Johnson took over.After the Tonkin Gulf attack he decided to send more troops into Vietnam stating "Our numbers have increased in Vietnam because the aggression of others has increased in Vietnam. There is not, and there will not be, a mindless escalation."
Key Battles in Vietnam War Key players in Vietnam war. American Presidents

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Eisenhower was President of the U.S. when the Vietnam war started. He thought that communism had too much power in Northern Vietnam but wanted to keep the peace. He made the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO). We joined the war when it started in 1957. John F. Kennedy
John was elected president in 1961, while Vietnam was already going on. He sent the white papers asking for help in Vietnam, he sent aid, machinery, food, but he did not send any troops. He was later assassinated.
Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon was instaled into presidency the day Kennedy was assassinated. After the Gulf of Tonkin attack of American ships on nuetral waters, Johnson decided that it was time to send in more troops. This was the escalate of American involvment. He left office in 1968. Richard Nixon
President Nixon was elected into office in 1969. He won the election by saying he had a secret plan to win the war known as "Vietnamization". The plan was to teach South Vietnamize to learn to fight on their own and slowly pull American Troops out of the war. In 1973 a peace treaty was signed which is when Americans droped out of the war. Citations Morris, Jill. "Presidents during the Vietnam war." N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr 2010. <http://personal.ashland.edu/~jmoser1/usfp/morris.htm>. Other Key Leaders Ho Chi Minh
Ho was a communist leader who wanted freedom. After seeing countries including his own he decided that they needed freedom. He established Vietminh which had control over much of North Vietnam. "Ho Chi Minh." Spartacus Educational. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr 2010. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/VNhochiminh.htm>. Ngo Dinh Diem
Ngo was the first President of South Vietnam. He was against communism after his stay in the United States. He was kinda a harsh ruler, not many of his people liked him, but his threatening nature kept him leader. "Ngo Dinh Diem." Spartacus Educational. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr 2010. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/VNngo.htm>. General Creighton Abrams
He participated in world war two and was considered one of the greatest combat officers. He was in charge of Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV). He was also the one who thought of Vietnamization. "General Creighton Abrams." Vietnamwar.net. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr 2010. <http://www.vietnamwar.net/Abrams.htm>. Fredrick Weyand
He joined the army in 1939. He was head of II Field Force in Veitnam in 1967. He eventually took General Creighton Abrams spot in command of MACV. "Fredrick Weyand." Vietnamwar.net. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr 2010. <http://www.vietnamwar.net/FrederickWeyand.htm>. The War Powers Act The Purpost of the War powers act was to enable president and congress to make decisions about mobalizing the army. This gave the president more power on where and when they were sending troops away. This gave them ability to mobalize the army faster and without very much warning to the troops or the families. "The War Powers Resolution." CRS Report for Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr 2010. <http://www.fas.org/man/crs/RL32267.html>. Marolda, Edward. "Tonkin Gulf Crisis, August 1964." Naval Historical Center. N.p., July 15, 2005. Web. 28 Apr 2010. <http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq120-1.htm>. Tonkin Gulf The Gulf of Tonkin incident refers to two different incidents in the same gulf. One of which occured August 2, 1964. This was when North Vietnamese torpedo boats attacked U.S. ships. On August 4th another attack was recorded. This enabled Lyndon B. Johnson to use military force in Asia without formally declaring war. This opened up American Escalation in Vietnam, sending more and more U.S. troops, and making the war worse. TIMELINE 1945

Ho Chi Minh and his People's Congress create the National Liberation Committee of Vietnam to form a provisional government. Japan transfers all power to Ho's Vietminh.
Ho Declares Independence of Vietnam First American Dies in Vietnam 1950

The Viet Minh receive military advisors and weapons from China. 1954

The French get defeated at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. July 21
A treaty is signed "cease-fire" between French and Vietnam making a boundry between North and South Vietnam. 1955

South Vietnam Becomes independent 1964

August 2nd and 4th North Vietnamese attack two U.S. destroyers sitting in international waters (the Gulf of Tonkin Incident). 1965

The first U.S. combat troops arrive in Vietnam 1973

The last U.S. troops are withdrawn from Vietnam. 1976

Vietnam is unified as a communist country, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. "Battlefield:Vietnam." PBS. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr 2010. <http://www.pbs.org/battlefieldvietnam/timeline/index.html>.
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