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Civil Rights Movement
Transcript of Civil Rights Movement
Malcolm Little also known as Malcolm X was a very important and well known leader during the Civil Rights movement. He served as a spokesman for the African Americans and the Nation of Islam. He helped turn the Nation of Islam grow from 400 members to 40,000. He was a very strong speaker and he helped spread awareness of what African Americans were going through during the Civil Rights Movement.
Thurgood Marshall was the first African American justice appointed to the Supreme Court. He was council of the NAACP and he helped win the Brown vs. Board of Education which ultimately ended segregation in schools in the South. Thurgood used the law to fight for freedom. In his career he won many cases helping the rights of African Americans. Although he is not well known compared to people like Martin Luther King, he was one of the biggest contributors in the Civil Rights movement.
Monday, February 17, 2014
By: Ishan Varma and Kenny Martinez
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr was the leader for the rights of African Americans. Martin took place in a famous situation called the Montgomery Bus Boycott. This is when African Americans refused to ride buses to protest segregated seating. Martin had one of the most famous speeches ever in the history of the US. It was called the ''I Have a Dream" speech. His goal was to get equality without causing harm, but he would not back down if fighting were to occur. All he wanted was for every man and woman to be brothers and sisters.
The First Lady of Civil Rights, Rosa Parks was a key contributor in the Civil Rights movement. Rosa refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus to a white man. This lead to her being arrested. When she was arrested there was public outcry. The African American leaders decided they should boycott the bus. The boycott was successful as the buses started to lose money. They ended up desegregating the buses.
Civil Rights Movement
Ruby Nell Bridges was the first African American child to attend an all white school in the South. She accomplished this at the age of only 6. On the first day Ruby was escorted by U.S. marshals and her mother as they tried to defend her from the hostile crowd. She was born on September 8th, 1954 in Tylertown, Mississippi. One fact you may not know about Ruby is that these times were not only rough for her. Ruby's dad lost his job and her grandparents lost their 25 acres of land. Also in 1993 when Ruby's brother died, Ruby went to help out his children by volunteering in the school were she changed history. Bridges paved the way to help in the Civil Rights movement for freedom for African Americans.
Key Civil Rights Victories
President Truman's Desegregated Military-
President Truman fought in World War 1 and not many African Americans fought with him. When President Truman made it mandatory to have African Americans in the army it was a huge victory. This helped show the strength of the African American community
Brown vs. Board of Education-
This was one of the biggest victories for African Americans. One of the main goals of the NAACP was to end segregation in schools. With the help of Thurgood Marshall they won the case in unanimous decision.
Civil Rights Act of 1964-
This ended segregation in public facilities and banned employment. They then further expanded the rights. The act was made by John F. Kenndedy and then signed by Lyndon B. Johnson
Voting Rights Act of 1965-
This further expanded the rights of African Americans. This allowed them to vote under the 15th amendment. The goal was to overcome all legal barriers. This was the finishing piece in order to secure full rights for African Americans
Women (workplace rights)
The Native Americans had a trouble for equality. Native American's were guaranteed many civil rights they had been fighting for. Native Americans have been in the civil rights movement for many years ever since the europeans found out about north America. They been treated really badly like animals. The native americans wanted many thing such as freedom of speech, right to hire an attorney in a criminal case, Equal protection under the law, and religious rights.
Women had many suffrage during the civil rights and had problems to have the same in equal opportunity in the workplace and education like the men. Women's lack of access to higher education had effectively excluded them from the practice of well paid and high status occupations. Women have fought in court and the legislatures, as well as in the streets and to see what the public opinion would be. Also they wanted the right to vote, to try to be elected to public office, to gain an education, to hold certain kinds of jobs, and to receive pay equal to men.
Disabled rights movement
The Disabled Rights Movement was for the disabled to have the same rights as the people who were not disabled.The specific thing they wanted was to have accessibility and safety in transportation, architecture, and the physical environment; equal opportunities in independent living, employment, education, and housing; and freedom from abuse, neglect, and violations of patients' rights. The disability rights movement began in the 1960s, encouraged by the examples of the African-American civil rights and women’s rights movements.
The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender community fought hard for their rights during the Civil Rights Movement. They fought for social equality. These times were hard because many people discriminated against them. They did not let them participate in any of the daily life tasks. Many members of the LGBT rioted on streets holding signs..
Miranda Vs. Arizona
Ernesto Miranda was accused of rape and he signed a confession stating that he did commit the crime. Miranda was sentenced to go to prison, but he argued that his paper of confession did not state that it would be used against him. After going to court the case finally made its way to the Supreme Court. Miranda's lawyer argued that his rights in the sixth amendment were violated. The court used the fifth amendment to say that he was protected from self-incrimination.
Tinker vs. Des Moines School district
John tinker and his brothers and sisters, along with his friend were trying to protest the Vietnam War. They wore a black armband with them to school and when the principal heard about it he got them suspended. This case went to the Supreme Court, where they ruled in favor of the Tinkers 7-2. They stated that under the first amendment they could wear the armband as a form of political speech. The school had to show signs of substantial disturbance in order to limit the political speech. The school had no evidence.
Great Society was a set of domestic programs made by President Lyndon Johnson. The goal of these programs was to all poverty and racial injustice. The difference between Medicare and Medicaid is that Medicaid is a federal and state program that helps people with low incomes pay for medical costs. While Medicare is a federal program attached to social security. It covers all health for people over 65 and for people with certain disabilities.