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Untitled Prezi

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by

Tori Zinno

on 11 October 2016

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Argumentative Writing
In your journal, agree or disagree with the statement below. Provide at least ONE reason to support your claim.
Zoos are internment camps for animals and should be shut down.
Objectives:
Students will be able to define argument/claim, supporting evidence, counterclaim, refutation, rebuttal, qualify, proponent, and opponent

Students will be able to distinguish an argumentative essay from a persuasive essay

Students will be able to identify the components of an effective argument within an argumentative essay
What is an argument?
An
argument
is a belief about a particular topic,
issue, or idea
Zoos are internment camps for animals and should be shut down
An
argument
is
also referred to as a
claim.
You Need Backup!
An argument all by itself is not very strong
Main
argument
Supporting evidence
explain why the main argument is true
specific facts and/or evidence
Zoos are internment camps for animals and should be shut down
Supporting Arguments
Animals are unable to thrive in small enclosures, especially with unnatural weather and climates
Some zoos cannot, or do
not, expend the resources
necessary to handle
animals humanely
"So You Think You Can Argue"
Counterargument
Myth vs. Reality
An argument is just people yelling at each other
Myth
An argument can be very calm. An argument in writing is silent!
Reality
Myth
Myth
Myth
Reality
Reality
Reality
You have to totally believe in what you are arguing
Making an argument has nothing to do with how you feel.
Every argument has a right and wrong side.
Often, the two sides of an argument are just different opinions. Neither side is really right or wrong.
You can’t be good at arguing unless you can think fast on your feet.
A lot of great arguing takes place on paper, where you can take as much time as you need to think everything through.
Argue on paper? Why would I want to do that?
Imagine this:
Your state legislature is thinking about passing a law that says kids can’t drive until they are 18. You want to write a letter to convince your state senator to vote against the idea. What would you say?
You're Going to Need Argumentative Writing
Or this:
Your city decided to close the park where you always hang out and play basketball. The city officials say there was too much trouble at the park and there was trash everywhere. Would you know what to write in a letter that would convince them to re-open the park?
An argument is a reasoned, logical way of demonstrating that the writer’s belief is valid.
In short, arguments seek to make people believe that something is true or to persuade people to change their beliefs or behavior.
In English
Persuasive Writing
Argumentative Writing
Makes claims based on factual evidence
May make claims based on opinion
Makes counterclaims
A solid and reasonable argument that
disagrees with your claim
Zoos are internment camps for animals and should be shut down
Some zoos take in abandoned animals that wouldn't otherwise have a home
Captive breeding programs save animals, that are faltering in the wild,
from going extinct
Counterarguments
Counterargument
Persuasive Writing
Argumentative Writing
Makes claims based on factual evidence
May make claims based on opinion
Makes counterclaims
May not take opposing ideas into account
Convinces audience through the merit and reasonableness of the claims and proofs offered
Persuades by appealing to the audience's emotion or by relying on the character or credentials of the writer
Logic based
Often emotion based
A solid and reasonable argument that
opposes or disagrees with your claim
Zoos are internment camps for animals and should be shut down
Some zoos take in abandoned animals that wouldn't otherwise have a home
Captive breeding programs save animals, that are faltering in the wild,
from going extinct
Counterarguments
Refutation
Rebuttal
Qualify

Mini - Quiz
a. is when two parties are in agreement about a
certain topic or belief
b. seeks to make people believe that something is
true or to persuade people
to change their beliefs or behavior
c. is a reasoned, logical way of demonstrating
that the writer’s position, belief, or conclusion
is valid
d. has to have a wrong side and a right side
e. both b and c
An argument _____________________
a. supports the main argument or claim
b. is an argument that gets shelved to a
later date because there is not enough
evidence to support it
c. can be found in most persuasive essays
d. is a solid and reasonable argument that
opposes or disagrees with your claim
A counterargument____________________
Supporting evidence_______________________
a. explains why the main argument is true and is in
the form of specific facts and/or evidence
b. supports the counterargument
c. is Mrs. Zinno's favorite rock band
d. is a written or verbal response to a
counterclaim
List at least
TWO
differences between argumentative writing and persuasive writing
Given the claim: Children should attend school year round
Identify a counterargument.
Given the argument: Teachers should not give homework to
students
Identify
TWO
pieces of supporting evidence.
Rebuttal -
A reply meant to show fault in an opponent's argument.
Full transcript