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Gray Wolf

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by

Andrew Pauly

on 13 November 2013

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Transcript of Gray Wolf

The Gray Wolf
diet and hunting
1
Build
The gray wolf has long strong legs and a large, muscular, aerodynamic body. in the winter it has very long, thick, fur. In the spring and summer, it's fur is a lot thinner and shorter.
2
The Pack
A pack of wolves is usually started by a male and female mating and producing young. These young either become what we call biders, or become what we call dispersers. The biders tend to wait until an alpha wolf dies or becomes too weak, and then they become alpha. The dispersers are usually the more aggressive ones, they will leave the pack, find a mate, and then create a pack of their own.
3
Social Structure
In a pack, the alpha pair are the most important members. Behind them is the Beta male, he will sometimes mate with the alpha female. Then there are the subordinates, they are usually two or three years of age. Then there are the juveniles, they are usually one or less years old. finally is the scapegoat, he or she lives on the fringes of the pack and may be mistreated by the other members.
4
wolves mainly use body language for communicating with other pack members or expressing their authority. For example, the alpha pair hold their tails high while the lesser ranking wolves let their tails hang. The alpha wolves will sometimes be challenged by other pack members, when this happens the alpha will snarl and stare the challenger strait in the eye. Then the challenger will usually do what we call active submission, this means they will lie on their back and whimper, or they will fight.
Body language
lower ranking wolf
active submission
5
Verbal Communications
Gray wolves also communicate verbally with yelps, barks, and the most famous, howling. Gray wolves usually howl before and after a hunt is over and they killed something. They will also howl when one of their pack members is lost. Howling is also good for communicating over long distances.
The gray wolf is a carnivore, it hunts in packs. The animal may seem like a skilled and smart hunter, which it is, but it is still hard to survive for the pack. Scientists and observers have estimated that less than ten percent of hunts end in success. Moose, which seem to be the wolf's favorite food are very strong animals, and so usually if a moose stands and fights, the pack will give up.
Big Bad Wolf
The more we learn about these smart,magnificent animals, the more that we realize that stories about wolves attacking and hunting humans on a regular basis are simply not true. Maybe a long time ago on a rare occasion a lone, starving wolf would attack a human, but you can't really blame it. The most likely reason that wolves are despised by humans is that they would on occasion attack livestock. But you can't blame them for that either. Very rarely will there be an attack on humans that is unprovoked, and usually in an attack, the animal will be suffering from rabies. Sometimes it will be a lone, desperate, starving wolf, but this is rare.
THE END
Full transcript