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Writing a Formal Summary
Transcript of Writing a Formal Summary
Writing a Summary
Be significantly shorter than the original text
Contain significant paraphrasing rather than directly copied words, phrases, and sentences.
Include the main ideas in order
Leave out most details
Leave out personal opinion
Leave out outside info not drawn from the selection
Not have a formal conclusion
A Summary should:
Include too much or too little info
Sequencing events or information
Remembering to state what is being summarized
Getting stuck in one part of the piece
Separating interesting from important
Why do students struggle
Carefully choose from a list of verbs, don't be limited by any list I give you, it is just a start!
States the main idea of the selection
Sometimes doing the jot dots first help to clarify the main idea or "big picture"
Step One: Three-Part Summary
List of verbs:
Don' t ever use "is about" elevate your writing!
Jot dots are an opportunity to sort through the selection and pull out three to six key events/points that are important to the selection.
These points must be presented in chronological order
Follow the "Rule of 5" each entry should be limited to five words or less.
Step Two: "Jot Dots"
Here is the information for a pretend article called "Take Cover," from Tornado!
Let's Look at an example:
The article, "Take Cover," from Tornado!
the importance of being ready for tornadoes.
learn safest part of house
The article, "Take Cover," from Tornado! describes the importance of being ready for tornadoes. A young man named Dale saw a tornado headed toward a school. He quickly drove to warn the teacher to get all the students in the storm cellar. People need to learn the safest place to go during tornadoes. Buildings need to be built to help keep people safe during these dangerous storms.
Example summary from that information:
You will notice that all the jot dots were used and brought out into full complete sentences.
Don't forget to go back to your digital WSQ and complete the summary and question and press submit!
You are now done with tonight's homework!
What is it? Quotes from the text!
Why use it? It elevates your writing
Using facts or excerpts from the article if it is nonfiction OR quotes from the text if it is fiction
Only use if it fits with what you are writing, don't leave a quote just hanging there!