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Unit 2: Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution (1700-1763)

Roots of the Revolution
by

Michele Goostree

on 21 September 2016

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Transcript of Unit 2: Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution (1700-1763)

French and Indian War
1754 - 1763

Seven Years War in Europe
1757 - 1763
France claimed to control most of North America
English "encroachment" angered the French
French response to English encroachment:
~set up forts along land boundaries
British begin constructing their own forts
Role of Native Americans
Imperialism
Native tribes dominated space between
British and French
Native tribes become pawns in war
Treaty of Paris
1763
Ended French and Indian War
French transfer claims West of Mississippi to Spain
French "cedes" territory East of Mississippi to British
Where does this leave Native Americans?
British troops occupy former French forts
General Jeffrey Amherst
British have contempt for Native Americans
Treat as slaves
Discontinue "gift giving"
Blankets laced with smallpox
Pontiac united many tribes to expel the British
8 British forts destroyed
Hundreds of colonists killed or captured
Most Important Result:
King issues
Royal Proclamation
of 1763
Royal Proclamation of 1763
Encroachment:
~to gradually intrude upon the rights, property, etc. of another.
~trespassing on land that doesn't belong to you.
When one country takes over another country for land, power, and money.
What's the connection?
"Cede"
~give
English mandate end to encroachment in Indian territory
Mandate settlers can't live West of the Proclamation Line
The Proclamation of 1763 is a leading cause of the Revolutionary War!
"Mandate"
~an order; to force
Who won the French and Indian War?
F&I War = North American theatre of larger European war
England is paying for troops in Europe, North America, and India
First "World War"?
Fight between 2 specific powers on 3 continents
"Iroquois Confederacy"
Combination of 5 nations of Natives
United to work with British to drive French out
British and French USE Natives
Who was Pontiac?
leader of the Ottawa
dissatisfied with British trading practices
dissatisfied with treatment after war
decides to wage war on British
Many settlers living beyond the line. Why should they have to move?
This war is between the British and French. Why is it called the "French and Indian War?"
"Indians" refers to the American-Indians fighting on the side of the British.
Impact of the Proclamation on Imperialism
For the British
For the French
For the Spanish
For the Native Americans
Claim land from east coast WEST to the Mississippi River
British "cede" them the Caribbean
Sugar, spices, easy to defend
Gave up Florida; gained Cuba
Still had claims to SW territories
Rebellion
European encroachment
Loss of resources
A little reinforcement of today's information:
Immigration and Population
The Great Awakening
The Enlightenment
Ideas of freedom are born...
Religious Diversity
Google Images. 31 August 2016. http://media.web.britannica.com/eb-media/30/180930-004-AD3F1F69.jpg
Google Images. 31 August 2016. http://images.slideplayer.com/25/7996555/slides/slide_3.jpg
Why a population boom in the 1700s?
Google Images. 31 August 2016. https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/564x/8b/73/95/8b7395afc2e49dfba086f46206fb9873.jpg
Google Image. 31 August 2016. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/82/Germans-emigrate-1874.jpg
Immigration
Abundance of land
(and food!)
Increase birth rates and large families
Google Image. 31 August 2016. https://www.nwhm.org/media/category/exhibits/jamestownwomen/page16image1_large.jpg
Germans
Settle in Pennsylvania
Primarily farmers
Religious variety
6%
Scotch-Irish
Little respect for British gov't
Settle on frontier
7%
Other Europeans
Swedes
Dutch
French
5%
Colonial Families
Men
Owned land
Voted (if owned land)
Unlimited power at home (abuse)
Women
Household work
Educated children
Average 8 births
Marry young
So many kids!
90% lived on farms
Higher standard of living than England
Structure of Colonial Society
Self-Government
Origin: Mayflower Compact
First governing document for colonies
*Still loyal subjects of crown
Magna Carta
Written in 1215
Following inspires colonists:
law of self-rule
due process of law
right to hold property
"rights of man"
Geography and Economy of the Colonies

Google Images. 5 September 2016. http://www.treeofed.com/uploads/5/8/6/4/5864055/9091405_orig.jpg
Google Images. 5 September 2016. http://7thgradehumanities.weebly.com/uploads/1/7/2/7/17278894/5546352.png?682
Google Images. 5 September 2016. http://www.treeofed.com/uploads/5/8/6/4/5864055/4366349_orig.jpg
Google Images. 5 September 2016. https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/564x/28/3e/60/283e601bd954b78781febd3aaa84b573.jpg
By 1760...
1/2 Britain's world trade was with American colonies
Allowed Manufacturing: flour and rum
Restricted Manufacturing: textiles
Most colonial economies based on agriculture
Growing occupations:
ministers, lawyers, doctors, teachers
Challenges of Religious Diversity
Discrimination and persecution
"Congregationalists" (aka Puritans) made doctrine more complex
Government taxes for churches
Shortage of qualified ministers
Google Images. 5 September 2016. http://www.vandegriftvoice.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/coexist-blue-resize.jpg
Purpose?
Response to:
Changes in cultural attitudes
Rise of immigration
Increased religious groups
Message from the pulpit:
Follow God's commandments or face eternal damnation
Google Images. 5 September 2016. http://ponderingprinciples.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/Great-Awakening.jpg
Jonathan Edwards
Google Images. 5 September 2016. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/92/Sinners_in_the_Hands_of_an_Angry_God_by_Jonathan_Edwards_1741.jpg
Google Images. 5 September 2016. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c1/Jonathan_Edwards.jpg
"God is rightfully angry with human sinfulness."
Repentance is possible
Held traveling revivals in 13 colonies
Promoted "conversions"
George Whitfield
"Profess the belief of Jesus Christ or be damned into hell and face eternal torments."

Believed in predestination; no repentance
Audiences 10,000+
Google Images. 5 September 2016. http://www.middletownbiblechurch.org/greateve/whitefie.JPG
"America's First Great Awakening. CBN Network. 2 November 2012. Accessed 5 September 2016.
Political Influence of the Great Awakening
Shared common experience ("colonists")
Democratizing Effect:
~People could choose how to worship
Women have leadership roles
Moral implications of slavery discussed
Gradually ends church tax
~separation of "church" and "state"
Google Images. 5 September 2016. http://faculty.polytechnic.org/gfeldmeth/whitefield.jpg
(1730s-1740)

Human reasoning could solve humanity's problems.
Man's "Natural Laws"
~Life, liberty, and property
Social Contract Theory:
1. Man can choose government
2. Man has right to overthrow unjust government.
John
Locke!
Google Images. 5 September 2016. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d1/JohnLocke.png
Unit 2:
Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution

"French and Indian War Changes Fate of America"
Accessed 5 September 2016. Youtube.com.
Where does this take us?
A little reinforcement of our Unit 2:
Full transcript