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Alice Lee

on 21 April 2010

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Transcript of MONGOLIA

MONGOLIA 1206 The mongols were a group of widely scattered tribes, confederations and khanlkyks who lived nomadically on the Eurasian steppes. Constant warring between themselves meant they never posed a threat to outside powers GENGHIS KHAN United into a single confederacy under Genghis Khan, over the next 21 years they conquered much of Asia. When he died in 1227, the empire went to his third son Ogedei, who further expanded the empire to the Middle East, India, China, and eastern Europe. Kublai Khan, Genghis' grandson, became the ruler of the Mongol Empire in 1264. He was the first outsider to conquer all of China. Strict discipline and organization made
the Mongol Empire very safe. According to
legend, a woman carrying a jar of gold on her
head could cross from one end of the Empire to the
other without being molested. Generals and officials
were selected on merit. Religious freedom was guaranteed
to everyone. Trade routes and postal routes were created
throughout the empire. The Silk Road was revived under Mongol
rule and collapsed with the Empire. A writing system was
introduced. The Mongol Empire was the largest continguous empire
in human history, outstripping even the Romans. The death toll
from the Mongol wars of conquest is about 40 million, the third
largest in history. It brought about the end of the Golden Age of
Islam, caused the relocation of the Iranian tribes into modern-day
Iran, and unified a lot of Eurasia, for example Russia and China.
Rebellions were put down brutally. The Mongols used tactics not
seen again until World War II. Horses are a huge part of Mongolian
culture, as befitting a nomadic culture. Many Mongolians still have a nomadic lifestyle and live in yerts (felt tents) The Mongolians were highly superstitious. On trips they often offered treats to the local spirits/gods. Small children were most at risk, so they were usually not given names. Birthdays weren't celebrated and corpses were left to rest in the open. Music is generally loved by Mongolians. They have a tradition of long songs, throat-singing, and the morin khurr. The Secret History of
the Mongols is the oldest known work of Mongolian literature, although it includes older poetry. It details the life of Genghis Khan. Naadam are the traditional festivals during which they partake in the "three games of men"; horse racing, wrestling, and archery. Religion
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