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Transcript of HIV
Stages of HIV
ACUTE HIV: Infection is short, flu-like illness, occurs
one to six weeks after infection, mild symptoms, and the infected person can infect others.
ASYMPTOMATIC: Lasts for an avg. of 10 yrs, free of symptoms, might have swollen glands, HIV level in blood drops to low levels, HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood.
SYMPTOMATIC: Immune system deteriorates, opportunistic infections & cancers start to appear
HIV to AIDS: Immune system weakens too much as CD4 cells decrease in number
Background on HIV -
BABY CURED OF HIV?
HIV stands for
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
and is a
of a closely related virus,
simian immunodeficiency virus
(SIV), which infects monkeys.
Every 10 seconds a person dies of Aids
Currently, there are 40 million people with HIV/Aids.
Over 50% of these are women and half are between the age of 15 and 24.
Zoonosis- is a term that defines how a virus can get passed from animals to humans. This is how HIV was "created", it started off with a chimpanzee.
In 1999, researchers confirmed that tissue from a chimpanzee carried a form of SIV that was nearly identical to an aggressive form of HIV, HIV-1.
Myths about HIV
But what is the procedure?
Human T cell lymphotrophic virus (HTLV-II)
Lymphadenopathy associated virus (LAV)
AIDS associated retrovirus (ARV)
1. Touching a toilet seat or doorknob handle after an HIV-positive person
2. Hugging, kissing(if there are sores or bleeding gums & blood is exchanged, there is a small risk of spreading HIV)but shaking hands with someone who is HIV-positive is a myth.
3. Sharing eating utensils with an HIV-positive person
4. There is no need to use a condom during sexual contact if both partners already have HIV
5. HIV/AIDS cannot be transmitted during oral sex
HIV in the 4th District as of 2010
“HIV attacks and destroys the immune system's infection-fighting cells, called CD4 cells or CD4+ T cells. HIV gets into these cells, makes copies of itself, and kills the healthy cells. The person loses CD4 cells, the immune system weakens, making it harder for the body to fight infections and cancer.
HIV turns to AIDS when the immune system gets very weak. One way to know if a person has AIDS is if the CD4 cell count (the number of CD4 cells in a sample of blood) is very low (less than 200). Another way is if the person has certain infections or cancers. Moving from HIV to AIDS is different for everyone. Some people live for 10 years or more with HIV without developing AIDS."
Blood products- such as semen and vaginal fluids, saliva and breast milk.
Unprotected intercourse (Oral or Anal)
Mother to baby (Before birth or during birth)
How do you get infected?
Anonymous testing: no name is used, unique identifying number and results are issued only to test recipient.
Urine Testing: safe way to screen for HIV,
is as sensitive as testing blood
HIV has other formal names such as-
Latest News on HIV-
"A new study showed that 14 HIV-infected adults appeared to be "functionally cured", that is they still carry small, and barely detectable reservoirs of HIV, but their bodies are preventing them from rising to a point where they cause symptoms. Researchers believe the key to achieving this remarkable result may be to start treatment as early as possible after infection, they started monitoring the 14 adults when they received anti-retroviral drugs, which was within 10 weeks of becoming infected with HIV"
Author Asier SáezCirión of Institut Pasteur, Paris, and colleagues, report the result of the 14 patients, known as the VISCONTI cohort; which stands for Viro-Immunologic Sustained Control After Treatment Interruption and found in a research paper published online in PLoS Pathogens on 14 March by the ANRS, the French National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis.
Maurene J. Hinds. Fighting the Aids and HIV Epidemic: a global battle. United States. 2008
Consuelo Beck-Sague and Caridad Beck. Deadly diseases and epidemics HIV/AIDS. Chelsea House Publishers. United States. 2004
Peter Hill, Marketing Director. Medical News Today. MediLexicon International Ltd © 2004-2013
Aids Foundation of Chicago.1985
National Staff.Womens Health.gov. 2012
Health Promotion Board. 2001
Source: Aids Foundation of Chicago.1985
Source: UNAIDS Global Report, 2010