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Transcript of Antigone
Matt Koslowski Question #7 Fate is said to dictate certain actions in the play. How great a role do you thing Sophocles intended fate to have in determining the outcome of his story? Explain your answer. What is Fate? Teiresias Fate Forewarned noun: the will or principle or determining cause by which things in general are believed to come to be as they are or events to happen as they do While Teiresias consulted Creon on the aspects at hand, Teiresias mentions that Creon would not be in power if it hadn't been for him. Since Teiresias was the one who told Oedipus that he should look into his families past. Which when Oedipus finds out he killed his father and married his mother, he blinds himself and disappears into the wilderness. ANTIGONE Two Brothers, One Throne BY : Sophocles Before the introduction of Creon, Thebes is in need of a new king. Both of Oedipus' sons, Polynieces and Eteocles, desire this power. They will go to any extremes to claim the throne, and they do. Polynieces goes to Argos to rally an army, and when he returns, a civil war between him and Eteocles ensues. Both brothers are left dead, and Polynieces is viewed as a traitor for causing the war. When Creon becomes king, he orders that Eteocles is to have a proper burial, while the body of Polynieces is to be left on the battlefield. Oracle O Oedipus, father and Brother!
"Their crime, infection of all our family!
Your marriage strikes from the grave to murder mine."
Scene 4: 39-42 Also during Teiresias' and Creon's discussion, Teiresias states that Creon is on the edge of fate. He says "I began the rites of burnt-offering at the altar, but Hephaistos failed me: instead of a bright flame, there was only the sputtering slime of the fat thigh-flesh melting: the entrails dissolved in gray smoke, the bare bone burst from the welter. And no blaze! "Prepare yourself you know it's a must
Gotta have a friend in Jesus
So you know that when you die
He's gonna recommend you
To the spirit in the sky
Gonna recommend you
To the spirit in the sky
That's where you're gonna go when you die
When you die and they lay you to rest
You're gonna go to the place that's the best" Antigone The Theban king Laos and his wife Iocaste were told by a fortuneteller that their infant would kill his father and marry his mother. They foolishly thought that they could escape this fate by having a servant brought Oedipus to a mountaintop to leave him for dead. The servant was kind-hearted, and so instead he gave Oedipus to a married couple. If Laos kept him he could have raised him with love, preventing Oedipus from possibly hating Laos. But the Fate that Oedipus would kill his father and marry his mother, scaring them to leave him for dead, or so they thought. Antigone is the sister of Polynieces and Eteocles. Antigone feels that Polynieces deserves a proper burial because the god given traditions say everyone should have a proper burial given by their family, so he can enjoy afterlife. Antigone feels that if Creon decides to kill her for giving her brother a proper burial the gods will reward her in the afterlife and she will die with pride. Antigone says to Ismene, her sister who refuses to help bury the Polynieces in the prologue lines 56, 61-62 "This crime is holy" "Since apparently the laws of the gods mean nothing to you." Although it is against the rules of Creon, the king of Thebes Antigone feels she needs to give Polynieces a proper burial so he can enjoy afterlife by the laws of the gods. Sophocles does intend for fate to affect the outcome of the story. He shows this through his choice of words and sitiuations the characters are put into. One main example of this is the Quote in the second Ode during the second Antistorphe lines 26-27: "The generation of kings has always loved brass" Pg. 299 How Fate Affects the Characters: "You are sick, Creon! You are deathly sick!" Pg. 299 "I know it. You are king because of me." Pg. 299 Antigone is a greek tragedy written by Sophocles. The story is centered around the idea of Antigone disobeying the king of Thebes, Creon (her uncle) who then ordered her to death and how the fate of his and the family's decision will affect them. Oedipus Teiresias can be found in other Greek literature such as the Iliad, the Odyssey, and later literature such as Dantes Inferno. "Yet you have said my prophecy is for sale." "Fate works most for woe
With Folly's fairest show."
Antistrophe 2 lines 26-27: "This, Creon: you stand once more on the edge of fate." "No, you will find them too costly." Haimon The story of Oedipus and his family did not begin after the war between to brothers, but started with Oedipus' father Laius. A fortuneteller (Teiresias) proclaimed in an oracle that the infant, Oedipus, would kill his father and marry his mother. Laius, wishing to avoid this situation, he had a servant take the infant to the top of a mountain to be abandoned and to assure the childs death. They had assumed the child was dead, but the servant however had not left the boy up on the mountain top. She had brought him to a childless couple in a distant city. Prologue: Lines 15-21
"Creon buried our brother Eteocles with military honors ... but Polynieces ... they say that Creon has sworn no one shall bury him, no one mourn for him..." Haimon, who is the son of Creon, kills himself out of sadness and anger; which was brought up by the death of Antigone. When Haimon found out that his father was wrongly sentencing Antigone to death, Haimon confronts his father very calmly and trys to change his Creons mind. However Creon takes Haimons comments as insults and says "You consider it right for a man of my years and experience to go to school to a boy?" which Haimon replies, "It is not right if I am wrong. But if i am young, and right, what does my age matter?". Creon continues to argue with Haimon and states that Haimon will never marry her while she lives. Which Haimon replies "Then she must die. But her death will cause another." Creon asks if his words are a threat, and Haimon comments again that there is no threat in speaking to emptiness. Creon replies "I swear you'll regret this superior tone of yours! You are the empty one!" This conversation is the turning point in Haimon's life. Which shortly ends after seeing Antigone hanging there dead by her own hand. Before the Oracle occurred, when Laius (Oedipus' father) was young he stayed with King Pelops of Elis. He then became a tutor of the kings son, Chrysippus, in chariot racing. The future king Laios, then raped Chrysippus. By raping the young Prince Laius broke a sacred law and Laius and his future family had a curse casted upon them. Before the Oracle IN Review: Laius raped the
King's Son which
caused a curse on him
and his future family Laius was told by
Teiresias that his son
will kill him so Laos sends
Oedipus away "It is not right if I am wrong. But if I am young, and right, what does my age matter?" "If you are a woman: my concern is only for you." "It is no city if it takes orders from one voice." "Not here, no; she will not die here, king. And you will never see my face again. Go on raving as long as you've a friend to endure you." Oedipus then returned from being banashed and unknowingly killed his father and married his mother Oedipus has kids with his mother and they are Antigone, Etecoles, Ismene and Polynieces Prologue: line 31 and line 35
"Ismene, I am going to bury him.
Will you come?"
"Creon is not strong enough to stand in my way." Oedipus realizes that he had kids with his mother he purposley blinds him self and his mother kills her self Creon Becuase of the absent of the king and Queen thier children become the rulers of Thebes and this leads to a massive war between the two brothers. The brothers end up killing each other, which means their uncle Creon Takes over as king. Creon then orders Polynieces not to have a formal burial because he went to war against Thebes Antigone, Creons niece and future daughter in-law then goes against her uncles law and buries her brother and then she is captured and sentanced to death. Creon is the king of Thebes. He believes that Antigone should not be allowed to bury her brother polynieces because of the laws of the state. She would be seen as a traitor. Creon states in scene 3 line 145: "Let her pray to the gods of hell: they are her only gods." Creon then gets told to go free Antigone by Choragos, and Creon state "It is hard to deny the heart but I will do it: I will not fight with destiny." Saying that he will not go agaisnt destiny and will do what he needs to do even if it goes agaisnt what he beleives. Antigone, Haimon and Eurydice all die because of the pride and rules Creon had. Creon says "Whatever my hands have touched has come to nothing. Fate has brought all my pride to a thought of dust." Haimon then approches Creon and says that he needs to let Antigone free or he will cause more deaths, Haimon then kills himself Depressed of her sons death, Creon's wife then kills himself making Creon having no loved ones left. Teiresias then approches Creon to change his mind about killing Antigone telling Creon that he should listen to him because he actually put him into power. As a result of Laius's actions, or raping the kings son, it lead to the digrace of a family and the death of four people. "It is hard to deny the heart! But i will do it: I will not fight with destiny."
- Scene 5 lines 101-102 Whatever my hands have touched has come to nothing. Fate has brought all my pride to a thought of dust
-Exodus 336-139 Spirt in Sky This story is allueded to throught Antigone, becuase Laius raping the young boy he casts a curse on his family. This story is considered an Allusion because this occurs in Oedipus the King (Oedipus Rex) which is know to be "par excellence." Background: Our Video: Our Question