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Module 4 DBA

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Raven Glerum

on 13 May 2016

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Transcript of Module 4 DBA

the economic and political causes for the rise of the Italian city-states (Florence, Milan, Naples, Rome, Venice)
The island city of Venice had become a powerful city-state through trade with the Far East. It imported products such as spices and silk. However, when the Ottoman Empire conquered Constantinople, Venice's trade empire began to shrink. Venice controlled the seas around the east coast of Italy and was famous for its artistic glassware.

The pope ruled both the Catholic Church and the city-state of Rome. Much of the city of Rome was re-built under the leadership of Nicholas V beginning in 1447. Rome became a patron of the arts and supported the Renaissance through commissions to artists such as Raphael and Michelangelo. Michelangelo worked as architect on St. Peter's Basilica and painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.

The city-state of Naples ruled much of southern Italy at the time of the Renaissance. It was one of the last city-states to embrace the movement, but in 1443 Alfonso I conquered the city. He supported Renaissance artists, writers, and philosophers. Naples also became known for its music and is where the mandolin was invented. Naples was captured by Spain in 1504.

the major influences on the architectural, artistic, and literary developments of Renaissance Italy (Classical, Byzantine, Islamic, Western European)
the economic and political causes for the rise of the Italian city-states (Florence, Milan, Naples, Rome, Venice)
Florence is where the Renaissance first began. It was ruled by the powerful Medici Family who used their money to support artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. One of the early architectural achievements of the Renaissance was the massive dome on the Florence Cathedral. Florence was known for its textile production as well as a banking center.

In the early 1400s Milan was still a Middle Ages city focused on war and conquering Florence. However, the Sforza family took over in 1450. They brought peace to the region and with peace came the new ideas and art of the Renaissance. Milan was famous for its metalwork which included suits of armor.

The causes and effects of the Black Death and the Great Famine on 14th century European societies?
The Black Death of 14th century Europe was caused by the spreading of the bacteria Yersinia Pestis on fleas carried by rats on trading ships from Asia.
Module 4 DBA
the major artistic, literary, and technological contributions of individuals during the Renaissance
Takes toll on population, finances, morals, and productivity
the social and economic impacts of pandemics on society

The Great Famine was caused mostly due to poor weather conditions and inadequate agricultural techniques.
Encouraged open mindedness, creativity, and allowed a better understanding of the world around them,
characteristics of Renaissance humanism in works of art
Light colors, happy almost godlike themes, humans are innately good
criticisms of the Roman Catholic Church by individuals such as Wycliffe, Hus, and Erasmus and their impact on later reformers

Wycliffe believed that the pope and the church were second in authority to Scripture.

Hus believed they should oppose the tyranny of the Roman church that threatened anyone possessing a non-Latin Bible with execution

Erasmus wanted reform on abuses in Catholic church
religious reforms associated with Luther, Calvin, Zwingli, Henry VIII, and John of Leyden and the effects of the Reformation on Europe
Luther has his famous Ninety-Five Theses, which he nailed upon the door of the Cathedral at Wittenburg in 1517, were actually a single argument against the sale of indulgences or pardons

Calvin shed much of the hierarchy of the Catholic Church

Henry VIII wanted to purify the church
the Roman Catholic Church’s response to the Protestant Reformation in the forms of the Counter and Catholic Reformation
Spain protected Protestant churches in the north of Europe, the Spanish Kings had a vested interest in supporting the Catholic faith. The Spanish movement also had a repressive side and helped to establish the famed Inquisition. Deviation from the faith was discouraged and torture was used in some cases.
the causes that led to the Age of Exploration, and identify major voyages and sponsors
The Crusades were the first exposure of Europeans to Eastern products which were in high demand in Europe, primarily sugar.

The rise of Nation States in Europe led to increased revenue for Monarchs who were able to finance European voyages of discovery

A final factor was the fall of Constantinople to the Turks on November 27, 1453, Constantinople had been the primary market for Asian goods

In the 17th century Dutch explorers such as Willem Jansz and Abel Tasman explored the coasts of Australia.
the effects of transportation, trade, communication, science, and technology on the preservation and diffusion of culture
The animal, plant, and bacterial life of these two worlds began to mix. The results of this exchange recast the biology of both regions.

They had brought diseases with them and it had killed many
the scope and impact of the Columbian Exchange on Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Americas
the various economic and political systems of Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, France, and England in the Americas
Government policy in England and the Netherlands was dominated by trade. The english had the largest free trade zone in europe. English merchants from Durham in the north could sell goods to people in Plymouth in the south west, and not pay a tariff.

France, spain and Portugal all had internal tariffs.
the practice of slavery and other forms of forced labor experienced during the 13th through 17th centuries in East Africa, West Africa, Europe, Southwest Asia, and the Americas
the origins, developments, and impact of the trans-Atlantic slave trade between West Africa and the Americas
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