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Ecuador Earthquake 1906
Transcript of Ecuador Earthquake 1906
500 - 1000 deaths.
1 - 5 million dollars in damage.
Up to 1000 houses destroyed.
Plenty of people left Ecuador out of fear and damage.
8.8 magnitude earthquake.
Later produced a tsunami that killed 500 - 1500 people. (12.5 hours later)
Focal depth: 25km.
3rd of 3 earthquakes.
January 31st, 1906
Ecuador, South America.
Coast of Ecuador and Colombia.
Latitude: 1 Longitude: -81.5
As far as San Francisco and Japan.
Subduction of the Nazca Plate under the South American Plate.
The tectonic plates slowly move under other plates.
Resistance slows them down.
As tension builds, the resistance snaps and the upper plate moves and caused an earthquake.
Rock underground suddenly breaks along a fault.
7th largest earthquake since 1900
A tsunami followed - 3 waves at 20 minute intervals.
Water rose 0.30m above the regular sea level mark.
It destroyed 49 houses and killed 500 people in Colombia.
Many were left homeless after this tsunami.
Preventing More Damage In The Future
Make some buildings stronger to resist the earthquake waves.
Build a place for people to go in case of another earthquake or tsunami.
Know the risks, make a plan, and get a kit.
Drop, cover, hold on!
Stay inside. If you're outside, stay outside in an open area away from buildings.
Avoid: doorways, windows, bookcases, tall furniture, light fixtures, elevators, down power lines, and the coast
After: be prepared for aftershocks, put a "help" sign in a window (if needed), leave your home (if there's lots of damage), and follow your plan!