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Feminist Lens MACBETH

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by

Maliha K

on 21 December 2013

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Transcript of Feminist Lens MACBETH

What is Feminism?
A social/political theory that has to do with bringing about equality between the genders in the perspective of society and government policy.

Aysha Hudeib, Haya Soudi, Ayesha Jihad, Maliha Khan
Through a Feminist Lens
Macbeth

"That of overcoming the scruples of her ambitious and yet tender-minded husband...She is ready to sacrifice even her womanliness to her murderous intention…” Freud

Materialist Feminism Theory: Despite her earlier show of strength, Lady Macbeth’s eventual weakness is a result of a patriarchal portrayal of her gender.

Feminist Theories:
“Women must not depend upon the protection of man, but must be taught to protect herself.” - Susan B. Anthony

Feminist literary criticism is literary criticism informed by feminist theory, or by the politics of feminism more broadly.
...A Literary criticism?
Androgyny
Backlash
Patriarchy
Gender Roles
Key Terms:
Examining Shakespeare's Literary Choices:

be
, And yet your
forbid me to interpret /That you are so. (1.3.1)”
“Infirm of purpose
!
/
Give me
the
daggers.
The sleeping and the
dead
/ Are but as pictures; ‘tis the
eye of childhood
/ That
fears
a painted
devil.
If he do bleed,/ I’ll
gild
the faces of the grooms withal,/ For it must seem their guilt.” (2. 2. 52-57)

l ck, I m fr id they h ve w ked,/And ’tis not done. Th' attempt and not the deed/Confounds us. /Hark! I laid their daggers ready;/He could not miss not resembled/
My
as he slept, I had done ’t. (2.2.13-17)
Macbeth:" Will all great /
Neptune’s ocean
wash this blood/Clean from my
hand
? No, this my /hand will rather/the multitudinous seas
incarnadine
,/Making the green one red.

Lady Macbeth: My
hands
are of your color, but I shame/
To ear a heart
so hite. I hear a knocking/At the south
entry. Retire
we to our chamber./ A little ater clears us of this deed.
How easy is it, then! Your constancy/ Hath left you unattended.
(2.2.61-65)
Who was it that thus
cried
? Why, worthy thane,/You do unbend your noble strength to think/ So
brainsickly
of things./ Go get some
w
ater,/And
w
ash this filthy
w
itness from your hand./
W
hy did you bring these daggers from the place?/They must lie
there.
Go carry them and
smear
/The sleepy grooms with blood. (2.2.44-50)
Perversion of Motherhood, Power,
The Supernatural, Greed, Selfish Ambition
Themes:
Motifs:
Children, Blood, Dagger, Hands
Shakespeare through a Feminist Lens
Gender Roles
Alliteration of "a"
'em. Had he
A
a
a
a
a
a
"Cried" -Tone
Dark diction
Tragedy
Alliteration: "w" (she's shaken) by the whole event
Feminine ending: there/smear
Hyperbole
Caesura
Diction
w
w
w
"Gild" -Diction
Motif of death +daggers
Evil Tone
Power
Motherhood
Style
Caesura's
Diction
Dark Imagery
An Act of 4
A Discussion on the Effects of Shakespeare's Writing:
When Discussing Feminism
Women
Lady Macbeth:

An overview of:
Macduff: “
O gentle lady,
/ ‘Tis not for you to hear what I can speak:/The repetition in a woman’s ear/
Would murder as it fell.”
(2.3.76-79)
Personification
Juxtaposition
Sensitivity of Women
Gender Role
Stereotypical Cultural development: - Not Biological

Literary work at Shakespeare's time were ruled by men: they were considered the protagonist of shows.

Tragic "Hero" not Tragic "Heroine"
On stage: men played women.

The portrayal of women in Macbeth is led by the ways they converse with men.

Symbols of suppression and wickedness
Defies stereotypes of women: not passive or submissive/hates children
Macbeth's partner in crime
Voices her power
Macbeth's
Exploits motherly traits
Exudes dominance, but is subordinate
The Three Witches:
Outsiders: they do not fit in the natural realm
Have manly features: gender identity
Practice witchcraft
Lady Macduff:
Represents the stereotype
Submissive of her husband's whereabouts
Makes up for the lack of motherly love in Macbeth
Puts her family's well-fare before anything else
beards
"You should
Metaphor
Tone
women
Caesura
Foreshadowing
a
a
My Father
Weakness (as a woman)
Verbal irony: wearing a heart - it's disposable to her
Caught red-handed
Motif - hands
Wicked Witches
Lady Macbeth has a lack of fear in this Act -Defying stereotypes
Macbeth's strength is challenged by Lady Macbeth
Guilt of murder (Contra. Lady Macbeth's heartlessness
Elements of Tragedy: She controls Macbeth
The expected sensitivity of women to "tragic news" is disregarded
Maternal evil

Her name
Haya Soudi:Lady Macbeth
Maliha Khan: Macbeth
Aysha Hudeib: Lady Macbeth
Ayesha Jihad: Macbeth
"She is ready to sacrifice even her womanliness to her murderous intention…” Freud

Lady Macbeth’s eventual weakness is a result of a patriarchal portrayal of her gender. - Materialist Feminist Theory

i.e: she judges Macbeth for being cowardly,
when she herself, was unable to kill Duncan
i.e she considers herself powerful by
embodying unladylike desires
Full transcript