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Georgia's Regions & Climate
Transcript of Georgia's Regions & Climate
Georgia's average rainfall is 50 inches a year. It varies from less than 44 inches to more then 76 inches. However it varies greatly from year to year.
Summers are hot and humid. The average temperature is 90°F during the day and drops to about 68°F in the evenings.
Droughts in Georgia affects Georgia's economy the worst in terms of agriculture. During a drought many crops fail, preventing Georgia from selling their products. Then we have to get the produce from another country/state preventing the farmers from making money and the local consumers lose money as well. Also the timber and hydroelectric power industries would go down.
The climate of Georgia is what helps the state's economy flourish. The blend of sunshine and rainfall has helped Georgia become a national leader in agriculture, energy and other businesses that rely on clean, safe water. Also with the great climate many people move into the state and bring out new jobs and businesses.
The ocean and wind current helped push the boats into the direction of the New World. Because of the Gulf Stream many people ended up in the northern area of modern-day United States and the southern area of modern-day Canada.
Ridge and Valley
The Ridge and Valley is the western part of the Appalachian Mountains. It has long ridges separated by fertile valleys. It stretches continuously from Alabama to New York. The ridges and valleys are made up of sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. There are many slate folds as well. The the ridges are also getting weathered and eroded away.
The economy of the Ridge and Valley is based on agriculture, textiles, carpets, and timber. The valley floors are used for farming and pasture. A variety of crops are grown in the valleys - corn, soybeans, wheat, and cotton.
One of the Ridge and Valley's most sought out attraction is Tallulah Falls. Others are Chickamauga Valley, Armuchee Ridges, the Great Valley, and Lookout Mountain.
The climate in the ridge and valley is fair with mild summers and mild winters.
The major towns and cities in the Ridge and Valley area are Rome, Dalton, Ringgold, and Chatsworth.
The Blue Ridge is the mountainous area of the Appalachian Mountains. It has the highest point in Georgia, Brasstown Bald. The Blue Ridge is composed of sedimentary, metamorphic, igneous rocks. There are many thrust faults and thrust sheets along the Blue Ridge. The ridge has been eroding for the past millions of years and has exposed rocks hidden in the Appalachians.
The Blue Ridge is not a farming area. Because of the valleys and mountains there, the farms tend to be small. Also heavy rainfall in those areas, contributes to a large erosion rate. However some plants such as apples and corn tend to grow in the lower areas. Timber, such as oak and hickory, plays a part in the Blue Ridge's economy. Because of the beautiful scenery in the area, tourism has become a big part in the economy there.
The Blue Ridge offers many attractions and sites. Many tourists like to go on the Blue Ridge Scenic Railway. Or go to Long Creek Falls, Lake Blue Ridge, Mt. Mitchell State Park, or Springer Mountain (the beginning of the Appalachian Trail.
The summers in the Blue Ridge are mild, averaging around 80°F. The winters are cold, averaging around 25°F. The area has heavy rainfall as well.
The major towns and cities in the Blue Ridge are Clayton, Brasstown Bald, Dahlonega, Blue Ridge.
The Appalachian Plateau
Georgia's regions & climate
By: Anokhi Patel
The Appalachian Plateau stretches from northeastern Alabama to New York. It forms the western border of the Appalachia Mountains. The rocks of the plateau are sedimentary rocks. The plateau is the flatter area of the mountain range. It also has marine fossils and mineral commodities. The mountain range's natural feature is the development of rock towns.
The economy of the Appalachian runs on mining, forestry, and tourism. The land is usually used for hardwood forest and pasture. Also a small amount of soybeans and corn is grown there as well.
The climate is temperate with winter temperatures as low as 30°F and a small amount of precipitation. The summer's are hot and humid with the temperatures in the 80's.
The major cities of the plateau in Georgia are La Fayette, Trenton, and Fort Oglethorpe.
Chowns, Timothy. "Appalachian Plateau Geologic Province." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 18 August 2014. Web. 25 June 2015.
Ed Jackson and Mary Stakes, The Georgia Studies Book: Our State and Nation, Carl Vinson Institute of Government, University of Georgia, 2004.
LaTour, Timothy E. "Blue Ridge Geologic Province." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 18 August 2014. Web. 29 June 2015.
Chowns, Timothy. "Valley and Ridge Geologic Province." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 18 August 2014. Web. 29 June 2015.
Law, Lana. "8 Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Georgia." Planet Ware. 2015. Web. 8 July 2015.
Golley, Frank B. "Piedmont Geographic Region." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 10 September 2014. Web. 07 July 2015.
The Coastal Plain is Georgia's largest region. It covers Georgia from the Atlantic Ocean to the Fall Line. In prehistoric times, the Coastal Plain was part of the ocean. Over time, layers of sediment piled forming the ocean floor. Then when the ocean retreated, it left behind a large area of limestone, clay, sand, and other sedimentary deposits, now known as the Coastal Plain. The area stretches along the Atlantic and the Gulf coasts, from Massachusetts to Mexico. The Coastal Plain is relatively flat with gentle slopes. Many rivers wind through the region. Soil usually consists of clay and sand. The area is known for its flat lands, marshes, and swamps.
The economy of the Coastal Plain is based on many things such as pine trees and peanuts. The land is primarily used for pasture and growing pine trees for timber, pulp, turpentine and other products. This region has fertile soil and is famous for its peanuts, peaches, pecans, and other crops as well.
The most sought out tourist attraction of the Coastal Plain is the Okefenokee Swamp/Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge. Many tourist also like to go to Forsyth Park, Ocmulgee National Monument, and Jekyll Island (one of the Golden Isles).
The climate of the coastal plain is mild with hot summers and cool winters. The area has heavy rainfall usually along the coast.
The major cities of the southern region of Georgia are Albany, Savannah, Macon, Columbus, Augusta, Fort Valley, and Valdosta.
The Piedmont region of Georgia lays between the upper Coastal Plain and the Blue Ridge. It stretches about 870 miles through Georgia. The Piedmont is primarily low hills and narrow valleys. The area is made up metamorphosed sedimentary rocks. The soil is red-orange clay called often called "Georgia red clay".
The Piedmont is generally a great place for agriculture. Some of the common crops are wheat, soybeans, and cotton. Also beef cattle and dairy cattle are raised in large numbers in this area. The region has many pine trees becoming a big factor in the timber industry.
Their are many tourist attractions in the Piedmont region of Georgia. The two of the biggest attractions are Stone Mountain and the Martin Luther King Jr. National Historic Site. There are many others as well such as Atlanta Botanical Garden, World of Coca-Cola, and the Georgia Aquarium.
The Piedmont region has cool winters (averaging 57°F) and hot summers (averaging 89°F). There is a moderate amount of rain in this region.
The major cities in the Piedmont are Atlanta, Marietta, Roswell, Athens, and East Point.
The population estimate of Georgia is 10,097,343 (10.1 million people).
There are 159 counties in Georgia.