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Organizational Text Structures
Transcript of Organizational Text Structures
to make themselves clear? Remember: In nonfiction and informational texts,
the writer's intent or purpose determines
how the text will be organized. Don't
expect writers of informational text to
use the same structure throughout an entire text.
MOST writers switch from one structure to
another and may even combine structures. A pattern of text structure that can be in a bunch of different forms. Sometimes, the problem and solution are labeled. More often, the pattern is a series of questions and answers that may or may not lead to a resolution of the problem.
Word Signals: the negative side of which, however, as a solution, even though This structure carries the understanding that the effect (result) is produced by a specific cause
Word Signals: accordingly, as a result, therefore, since, so that, this led to, furthermore, if. . . then Directions: As I go through the presentation, write the definition and signal words of each structure in your flip chart. Chronological An arrangement of details in time order,
that is, in the order in which they occurred.
This is used very often in narrative texts.
Word Signals: soon after, five minutes before,
on (date), meanwhile This is used in persuasion, and is similar to problem-solution. The difference is that the arguments and counter-arguments are both presented to support a thesis; the author gives their opinion and tries to say why the opposing opinion is wrong.
Word Signals: thus, therefore, so, however, in conclusion Comparison-Contrast A method of organizing information by showing similarities and differences among various groups of details
Word Signals: Although, as well as, but, either. . . or, however, in contrast, similarly proposition-support In this pattern, steps or phases of a
process are given without cause-effect
relationships being explained.
Word Signals: before, after, finally, first,
following that, simultaneously