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Globalization Learning Project

Molly Nelson

on 30 April 2010

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Transcript of Children

hunger labor mortality education Children's Bill of Rights Millenium Development Project Goal By 2015, all children can complete a full course of primary schooling Boys and girls Reduce by 2/3 the mortality rate among children under five Millenium Development Goals Mortality rate is currently 93 in 1000, Millenium Goal would be 31 in 1000 Leading Causes of child mortality: Diarrhoea Malaria Neonatal infection Pneumonia Preterm delivery Lack of oxygen at birth GAVI Alliance Development of vaccines Immunize Every Child Campaign Millenium Project Goal Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger Reduce the prevalance of underweight children under five years of age Increase the net enrollment ratio in primary education Completion of primary education Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary UNESCO Education for Rural People United Nations making progress on our other stated goals will significantly help to resolve the issue of child labor Possible solutions Subsidies for parents who send their children to school Provide more incentives to teachers Enforcement of minimum age requirements and maximum working hours Protect older children from poor working conditions once they are old enough to enter the labor force Enforce strict non-trafficking laws Possible solutions Providing lunches to children at school Promote sustainable food production in struggling communities Family farms Microlending Corporate alliances with the developing world Fortified food David Griswold and Sustainable Harvest Growing protein-rich mushrooms using waste from coffee production Every day, almost 16,000 children die from hunger-related causes (2003) One child every five seconds Sustainable coffee production Women's education An increase in education among mothers helps them better care for their children and reduces child mortality rates Knowledge that breastfeeding for 22 months improves children's immune systems and chances of survival In 2006, about 9.7 million children died before they reached their fifth birthday. Almost all of these deaths occurred in developing countries. Most of these deaths are attributed not to outright starvation but to diseases that move in on vulnerable children whose bodies have been weakened by hunger. Program to redirect surplus food from the agriculture industry to developing nations that need it www.unicef.org/rightsite UNICEF: Convention on the Rights of the Child Ratified by all nations except Somalia and the United States The first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights - civil, cultural, economic, political, and social rights Source: UNICEF global databases, 2008, and UNESCO Institute for Statistics Data Centre, 2008. 101 M primary school age are not in school 2007 DECREASED there were children enrolled 2002 115 M ! sub-Saharan Africa 46 million South Asia 35 million Primary school net enrolment rate or net attendance rate, by region (2003–2008) Source: UNICEF global databases, 2009, and UNESCO Institute for Statistics Date Centre, March 2009 NGO's Bali Children's Project Blue Dragon Children's Foundation Deepalaya Estimates of the number of children aged 5-14 engaged in child labor range from 158 million to 211 million Sub-Saharan Africa: one in three children are engaged in child labor Cocoa production in the Ivory Coast is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children
interferes with their schooling by...
- depriving them of the opportunity to attend school
- obliging them to leave school prematurely
- requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work Child labor is work performed by children that... agriculture mining construction service industries hotels bars restaurants fast food domestic service An estimated 22,000 children are killed at work every year factories What types of industries? How many? We think that... Why? family poverty AIDS pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa orphaned by AIDS supporting sick parents armed conflict sexual exploitation Brickyards near Islamabad, Pakistan Girl sewing a soccer ball in Pakistan Progress: Number of child labourers fell by 11 percent globally over the past four years
Number of children in hazardous work has decreased by 26 percent 1 in 4 children in America lives in a food-insecure household 25% of hungry people in the world are children The first two years of life are the “window of opportunity” to prevent early childhood undernutrition that causes largely irreversible damage School meals in Ghana How many? Food distribution in Sudan Recovering from malnutrition in North Korea Under 5 Mortality Rate per 1,000 Live Births (1990 and 2007) ("UN Millennium Project") Causes of under-5 child deaths in low-income countries
Mission: To save children’s lives and protect people’s health by increasing access to immunization in poor countries. 
GAVI uses two mechanisms that draw heavily on private-sector thinking to help overcome historic limitations to development funding for immunization. The International Finance Facility for Immunization which raises finance by issuing bonds in the capital markets and so converts the long-term government pledges into immediately available cash resources. The long-term government pledges will be used to repay the IFFIm bonds. The World Bank acts as financial advisor and treasury manager to IFFM. This funding program helps develop countries’ need for sustainable predictable funding.
The advanced market commitment - donors commit money to guarantee the price of vaccines once they are developed. Implementing countries will provide a small co-payment to contribute towards the cost of the vaccines and UNICEF will be responsible for vaccine procurement and distribution. This program helps meet disproportionately high costs in the early stages of implementing aid programs. Since established in 2000, approximately 300 million additional children have been immunized against preventable diseases (GAVI Alliance)
Pneumonia – 22%
-Preventable with immunization

Severe diarrhea/‘gastroenteritis’ – 18%
-Preventable with immunization

Malaria – 11%
-Potentially preventable with immunization, currently preventable with netting and treatable with medicine
"Children are empowered to realize their potential, they will enrich their villages and contribute to the world we all share...we are giving children the chance for a better tomorrow, while lightening the burdens of today" in INDONESIA in VIETNAM •Sent 876 kids back to school and training •Served 55,945 meals •Taken 183 kids to a doctor or hospital •Placed 34 teens in jobs in DEHLI "A quarter of a million of Delhi's children, living in slums or on the streets, do not go to school" 337 educational centres where 50,000 beneficiaries are educated through formal and non-formal education. "Four formal schools - three of Deepalaya and the other in collaboration with the Narang's - were established" global movement launched in 1990 at the World Conference on Education for All in Thailand GOAL: "universalize primary education and massively reduce illiteracy by the end of the decade". FREE EDUCATION FOR ALL Increase adult literacy by 50 per cent QUALITY partnership established by the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization Sustainable Development Department to address rural-urban disparities EDUCATION IS A BASIC RIGHT PROMOTION UNIVERSAL CHILDRENS DAY NOV 20 Mining in Katanga Province, Congo
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