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American Colonization

Early Colonization
by

Jay Holderfield

on 17 August 2016

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Transcript of American Colonization

Early Colonization
Jamestown - 1607
Established by the English
United States History
Early Colonization
Plymouth Colony - 1620
Colonization
Poor English immigrants settled in the shenandoah Valley as farmers or artisans
All colonies believed in private ownership of property and
free enterprise
Free Enterprise =
Capitalism
= owning your own business
The Great Awakening
Religious movement that swept Europe and the colonies during the mid-1700s
challenged established religons and governemnts
Led to the growth of Evangelical religions
Methodist
Baptist
Led to separation of church and state
one of the foundations for the American Revolution
Plantation needs were eventually met by forcing Africans to come to the New World
Slavery in the Colonies
The Middle Passage
Indentured Servants
Plantations required cheap labor on a large scale
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
poor people from England, Scotland, or Ireland who worked on plantations for their passage to the "New World"
American Civil War
1861-1865
Eventually leads to
forcible passage of slaves from Africa
British (English) -- America
Spanish -- Caribbean, Central America, and South America
European Exploration
Violent conflicts with Indians / diseases
French -- Canada
Very little immigration / more cooperative with Indians
1619 - First slaves brought to Jamestown against their will
started worldwide commercial expansion
redistribution (movement) of people
Brought new ideas of government and religion
Exploration
founded in 1607
first successful British colony
started as a business venture (a way to make money)
Jamestown
Founded in 1620
First successful British colony is "New England"
settled by the Puritans seeking religious freedom
Plymouth
13 Colonies
New England
Middle
Southern
Colonies
Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut
Colonies
New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware
Colonies
Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland
Reason for Settlement
Religious Freedom
Freedom from Persecution
Reason for Settlement
Religions freedom and economic opportunity
Economic opportunity
Reason for Settlement
Economy
Shipbuilding, fishing, lumbering, small scale subsistence farming, manufacturing
Economy
shipbuilding, small scale farming, trade & commerce
New York & Philadelphia began to grow as seaports and commercial centers
Economy
Coastal Areas
Cash crops
Tobacco, Indigo, Rice
Inland Areas
Subsistence farming, hunting, trading
Government
Government
Government
"Athenian" Direct Democracy
Direct Democracy - vote directly on issues (ex, town hall meetings)
Mayflower Compact
first self-government plan in the new world
More democratic based on the principles of the "Magna Carta" (ex: jury trial)
More democratic, but had land requirements
Maintained closer ties with Great Britain
Society
Society
Society
Puritans
Society based on religious standing
became tired of "dissenters" who wanted to separate church and state
Very intolerant of others
Hard working and thrifty
Dissenter = someone going against the church
fled Massachusetts and founded Rhode Island
Dutch, English, & German immigrants
Very tolerant
Multiple religious groups
Flexible society
Had a middle class with artisans and entrepreneurs
Coastal
Based on land ownership and family structure
Landowners dominated everything
"Cavaliers"
English noblemen who got land from the King
Inland
more tolerant and diverse
People move for many different reasons
Original 13 Colonies
Shared Characteristics
Government
Economy
Slavery
different forms of Democracy
believed in "free enterprise" -or- "capitalism"
you can own your own business
existed throughout the colonies and eventually leads to the Civil War
Exploration and Colonization
the people rule
The Virginia House of Burgesses
Established in 1640s
first elected assembly in the New World
General Assembly of Virginia
Full transcript