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Violence in Mass Media
Transcript of Violence in Mass Media
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Violence in Mass Media NOT controlled
NOT organized Aggregators How many murders/killings have you witnessed? Is it a problem? "Unlike other media use, viewing is a ritual; people watch by the clock and not by the program." - George Gerbner Opposing Views Melanie Moore Gerard Jones Media violence influences by modeling and glamorizing the use of deadly force as a first choice to solve conflict between people.
By seeing violence again and again, we learn to accept and tolerate violence as "the way things are."
And even if we do not become more aggressive ourselves, we are affected by the way others behave toward us. What is the Problem? Role Models Parents need to set and enforce age-appropriate viewing standards for their families. If younger children watch less television, they will see less violence. From before 2000 B.C.E to about the year 400, ancient Egyptians put on an annual play about the slaying of Osiris. This was said to have inspired a number of copycat killings.
In 380 B.C.E, Saint Augustine claimed that his society was addicted to gladiator games and "drunk with the fascination of bloodshed."
As you can see, violence has always been a part of our entertainment, but it seems as if recently, something has changed. An Introduction Laval University professors Guy Paquette and Jacques de Guise studied six major Canadian television networks. They examined films, sit-coms, dramatic series, and children's programming (though not cartoons). The study found that between 1993 and 2001, incidents of physical violence increased by 378%. TV shows in 2001 averaged 40 acts of violence per hour. And it is assumed that it continues to grow. There is more of it. Canadians are heavily influenced by American programming. Paquette and de Guise found that over 80 per cent of the TV violence aired in Canada originates in the U.S.
Canadian-made violence is most likely to appear on private networks, which broadcast three times as many violent acts as public networks do.
Overall, 87.9 per cent of all violent acts appear before 9 p.m., and 39 per cent air before 8 p.m. -- at a time when children are likely to be watching. The American Influence Magic Bullet Theory Theories AKA "hypodermic needle theory" was much more common among media researchers in the early 20th century than it is now.
This theory finds that media messages impact people in direct, measurable, and immediate ways (just as if a bullet hit the body, or as if the body was injected with a substance from a needle.)
Most researchers argue that these kinds of effects are rare or involve events of little consequence. This theory claims that because people are exposed to so much violence in the media, violence no longer makes a strong emotional impact upon them.
Most people would agree that by watching lots of violent movies, a viewer no longer gets upset while watching violent movies. However, the debate surrounding this concept is whether people will also be desensitized to real-life violence. Desensitization Cultivation Theory Cultivation theory focuses on how people's attitudes are impacted by the media, rather than just behaviours.
Although attitudes and behaviors are intricately related, cultivation theorists focus on how people think more than what people do.
One finding of this research is that when people are exposed to heavy media violence, they seem to have amisconception called "mean world syndrome." (They overestimate how much violence actually occurs in their communities and the rest of the world.)
People who are exposed to less media violence have a more realistic sense of the amount of violence in the real world. 2-18 year olds spend an average of three hours each day watching television (American Academy of Pediatrics).
A three-year National Television Study, reported by the AAP, found that children's shows had the most violence of all television programming. Statistics read that some cartoons average 20 acts of violence per hour.
Young people are especially in jeopardy of the negative effects of television violence because "many younger children cannot discriminate between what they see and what is real," (American Academy of Pediatrics).
Statistics "Fear, greed, power-hunger, rage: these are aspects of our selves that we try not to experience in our lives but often want, even need, to experience vicariously through stories of others,"
"Children need violent entertainment in order to explore the inescapable feelings that they've been taught to deny, and to reintegrate those feelings into a more whole, more complex, more resilient selfhood." Agrees with Melanie Moore
Pretending to have superhuman powers helps children conquer the feelings of powerlessness that inevitably come with being so young.
Children will feel rage. Rage can be an energizing emotion
Rage is also the emotion our culture distrusts the most. Most of us are taught early on to fear our own.
Through immersion in imaginary combat children engage the rage they've stifled, come to fear it less, and become more capable of utilizing it against life's challenges. Young kids are impressionable. Any role model they turn to they may imitate Parents tend to do things to their children (such as buy video games with a high rating) to get them "out of their hair". Many families rarely have "family time anymore. All the time is spent multitasking on different forms of technologies. Discussion 1. "There should be strict censorship of films and news bulletins on television to prevent children from copying violent incidents." Do you agree? Why or Why not? 2. Cartoons such as "The Simpsons", "Family Guy" and "South Park" teach children the wrong lessons. Do you agree? 3. "Television cameras should not record crowd disturbances during sporting events such as football matches." What do you think? 4. "Combat sports such as boxing where the aim is to injure your opponent should be banned and should certainly not be part of the Olympic Games." Do you agree? Impact of Violent Media on Children According to the AAP, children who are heavy media participants struggle with:
Lack of morals
Aggression The "Bobo Doll" and Albert Bandura