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Philippine Folk Dance
Transcript of Philippine Folk Dance
Dance is an Artistic Movements of Expression
Dance is an art form that generally refers to:
movement of the body,
used as a form of expression,
social interaction or
presented in a spiritual or performance setting.
Our country is rich in this form of art. From all passage of life – we Dance (
from fertility to death
is an integral part of Filipino culture that dates back to the period before the conquerors ever stepped foot in our country.
We cannot know exactly when people began to dance, however, because dancing is an expressive movement, it could have been spontaneous.
Dance was a sacred expression of praise and worship of God.
bate / wedding / victory in war
Festival dances (Kadayawan, Kaamulan, etc.)
Subli / Sayaw sa Obando / Pastulan / Pagdiwata
is usually being performed by members of the community in which the dance is a part of their tradition and culture.
The idea of folk dance is commonly connected with the concepts of ethnicity, lower classes, rural culture, authenticity and tradition.
Dances of the People handed down from generation to generation.
They are dances performed at social functions by people with little or no professional training, often to traditional music or music based on traditional music.
They are not designed for public performance or stage, although traditional folkdances may be later arranged and set for stage performances.
The Philippine archipelago is consists of 7,100 islands. This number of islands corresponds to more or less the number of different culture, traditions, customs, and beliefs of the Filipinos, making it a nation of diversified culture.
Philippine folkdances mirror the filipinos’ cultural beginnings and drama of everyday lives.
From paganism, christianism, religious activities, occupational dances, mimetic dances and others.
It blends the exotic customs and cultures of many countries and races that have influenced the country.
PHILIPPINE FOLK DANCE
The traditional dances of the Filipinos are vibrant and colorful, capturing the history of the archipelago.
Filipino folk dance history is not the history of a single national dance.
Regional differences are well pronounced, and are affected by geography and religion, as well as contact with outside cultures.
FUNDAMENTALS OF PHILIPPINE FOLK DANCE
Positions of the arms and feet
Native / Balance / Cross / Turn
Plain / Slide / Hop / Heel & Toe
Sway Balance -
Close / Point / Raise / Brush / Hop / Waltz / Double
Change Step -
Plain / Cross
FOLK DANCE BASIC
Mincing (step) Shuffling (slide)
Dance Steps in 2/4 time signature
step point / step hop / slide step / bleking / touch
Dance Steps in ¾ time signature
kuradang / mazurza / redoba / step swing hop
TRADITIONAL Philippine Folkdance
PANDANGGO SA ILAW
NATIONAL AND REGIONAL Folkdances
- catching catfish in tawi-tawi.
– visayan coconut wine tapper.
– cebuano dance that mimics fish catching and gathering.
– dance depicting grain grinder/mill operator
– fish drying dance of Negros.
SALA TI MAIS
– farmers pay tribute to their corn industry in Isabela.
– clam gatherers of Subic, Zambales.
– Badjao (also known as sea gypsies) mimics daily activities of rowing, diving, casting, pulling the nets, harvesting and bringing home the catch.
- the hardships from planting, harvesting, threshing, pounding and winnowing of rice.
RELIGIOUS and CEREMONIAL Folkdances
- dance in honor of the Mahal na Poong Sta. Cruz in Batangas.
- welcoming dance of T’boli women
SAYAW SA OBANDO
– fertility rites in Obando Bulacan
- celebrates San Pascual Baylons Feast day in Navotas, Rizal
– dance during Easter Celebration
– ritual dance of Tagbanua, performed while healing sick people usually possessed by bad spirit
– Thanksgiving dance in Bukidnon
TINIKLING • LAPAY BANTIGUE
TINOLABONG • ITI-ITIK
SALIDSID • ALITAPTAP
MANMANOK • INALIMANGO
MADAL TAHAW • PASIGIN
BLIT B’LAAN • TAREKTEK
KARAL IWAS • MARIPOSA
– imitates the movements and characteristics of a monkey in Sta. Maria Bulacan.
- imitates the movements and characteristics of a monkey in Koronadal South Cotabato
– depicts the movement bitten by ants in Ilocos Sur.
– dancer demonstrates how he evades the bees and how he suffers from their bites by scratching the different parts of his body, rolling, jumping and doing all sorts of antics.
– means jealousy in San Jacinto, Pangasinan
– Cebu and Bohol
– Barrio Dorungan, Pangasinan province
San Pablo Laguna
PASEO DE ILOILO
– Iloilo City
- Rapu-Rapu, Albay
– Batangas City
FESTIVAL DANCES in the Philippines
– CEBU CITY
– KALIBO, AKLAN
– BAGUIO CITY
– DAVAO CITY
– BACOLOD CITY,
– ILOCOS NORTE
Displays a very strong influence from the Western countries, these dances were, nonetheless, "Filipinized".
When the Spaniards came to the Philippines in the 16th century, little did they realized that they would change the traditions of the Filipinos including their dance together with religion, government, economics, politics and society. The Spaniards brought with them their music and dance traditions that stuck so strongly, finding its way nearly all dances is labeled as “Christians”.
Filipino adaptations of European dances like the jotas, fandanggos, mazurkas, habanera, and waltzes that were danced to the stringed music of the rondalla.
Inhabiting this rugged terrain are six ethno-linguistic tribes known as the
(BIBAK) - Benguet, Ifugao, Bontoc, Apayao, Kalinga.
Meaning “knotted rope”, the Spanish term refers to the jumbled rolls and dips of this long range traversing the North part of Luzon island. Separated by high peaks and deep valleys, they develop cultural traits distinguishing each one from the other.
Despite clear differences, “regionalistic” similarity threads through all the groups lumping all, as if were in one distinct ethnic group.
The dances reflect the unique geographical conditions under which the Cordillera people live – the cool air, their rugged uneven terrain, cliffs and ravines. The cycle of life is reflected in their rites of passage.
Cordillera dances continues to be an expression of community life that animates the various rituals and ceremonies. It serves for self-edification of the performers and entertainment for the spectators and to mark milestones in the passage of life.
– most celebrated festival dances of the highlanders
– Kalingga victory dance
- means " Merriment". This dance would be performed after a successful headhunt and also for a peace pact between waring tribles. The colorful hand woven blankets " blankets of life" are worn around the neck while baskets to carry produce or rice are worn upon the head.
- traditional dance from Central Kalingga
– Bontoc ritual dance
– dance to celebrate successful headhunt from Kalingga
–Ifugao festival dance honoring guest with crowns of bright plummage
The ethno-linguistic groups who are primarily considered Muslim are the Maranao, Maguindanao, Samal, and Tausug.
The dances are characterized by vivid colors and rhythmic movements which reflect the influence of Arabian and Indo-Malaysian cultures.
The Mindanao archipelago in the Southern part of the Philippines is composed of 870 islands, making up the southern area of our country. In this vastness of the landscape, live about 700,000 Filipinos, who embraced Mohammedanism as early as 14th century whose customs and traditions have remained unchanged. Because of its geographical location, Filipino-Muslim constitutes the largest single non-Christian Group in the Philippines. They are known for their mysticism, royalty, splendor and beauty which are also evident in their unique music and dances.
• SINGKIL • ASIK
• PANGALAY • KINI-KINI
• KAPPA MALONG • KUNTAO
• KINAKULANGAN • TUTUP
• KATZUDURATAN • KAPAGAPIR
Pockets of cultural minorities live in the style of their fore bearers in the hills and mountains throughout the Philippine Archipelago, they are inhabited by non-Christian Filipino tribes whose culture and animistic beliefs predate both Islam and Christianity.
Among the Philippines 79 million people, about 5 million are collectively referred to as the Tribal group. They comprise 60 groups and sub-groups, differentiated by language and cultures that dates back to centuries. Many of the people had maintained unique lifestyle that are geographically isolated and culturally separated from the mainstream of Philippine society.
Dance for them is a basic part of life, still performed essentially "for the gods." As in most ancient cultures, their dances are nonetheless closely intertwined with ceremonials, rituals, sacrifice, and life.
– Mandaya tribe
– T’Boli Tribe
– Bagobo Tribe
– Tagbanwa of Palawan
– Manobo Tribe
– Talaandig tribe
– Matisalug tribe
– Subanon Tribe
Endowed by nature with rich natural resources, people had learned to a great extent to weave their lives in consonance with their natural environment. They drew strength and inspiration from their forefathers and develop a unique culture well-known in the country.
Dances from the lowland, rice growing countryside illustrate the festive and demonstrate the love for life. It expresses a joy in work, a love for music, and pleasures in the simplicities of life.
In the rural areas of the Philippines, life is comparatively simple and pleasant. In a country abundantly blessed by nature, there is much to celebrate in dance, song, and story.
FOLK DANCE TO LEARN
A mimetic dance from Bantigue, a coastal province of Masbate, that refers to lapay or sea gulls which is bountiful in Bantigue.
Graduate – Bachelor of Secondary Education major in Physical Education w/ specialization – DANCE.
Former Performing Artist and asst. Dance Director - Bayanihan Philippine National Dance Company.
Writer – 5 vol. of Bayanihan Instructional Video CD.
Former Artistic Director and Choreographer – Sining Kumintang Philippines.
Former Dance Specialist – Batangas Provincial High School for Culture and the Arts
Executive Council – National Committee on Dance – National Commission for Culture and the Arts.
MR. MANRIQUE C. CABAYA