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What is figurative and descriptive language?

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Brittany Forbes

on 4 February 2014

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Transcript of What is figurative and descriptive language?

Literary Language in The Call of the Wild
What is figurative and descriptive language?
You use figurative language whenever you describe something by comparing it to something else.
Descriptive language is intended to create a mood and appeal to a reader's five senses.

Figurative Language Devices and Examples
Descriptive Language Devices and Examples
6. Imagery: visually descriptive language or language that appeals to the readers five senses
Quick Write
Why do you think Jack London included so much figurative and descriptive language in the first chapter of The Call of the Wild?
"Persephone:" Essential Question
How is the theme of "power" similar in Chapter One: Into the Primitive from _The Call of the Wild_ and "Persephone?"
The Call of the Wild
Using a double entry journal, we are going to put any evidence of figurative or descriptive language from the chapter on the right page (page 10 of our INB).
Then, on the left side (page 9) we are going to explain how this figurative language contributes to the story, the characters, or the overall mood of the chapter.
Exit Slip
Which of the figurative or descriptive language devices that you found in chapter two was the most powerful or impactful? Why?
Authors use these devices to make their writing
more powerful and interesting!

1. Metaphor: a comparison of two things that have some quality in common without using like or as. It usually says that one thing actually is something else.
Example: "Buck was truly a red-eyed devil" (London 14).
2. Simile: a comparison of two things that have some quality in common using like or as.
Example: "He sniffed it curiously, then licked some up on his tongue. It bit like fire" (London 21).
3. Personification: a figure of speech in which a nonhuman thing or quality is written about as if it were human.
Example: "The hoarse shriek of a locomotive whistling a crossing told him where he was" (London 9).
4. Hyperbole: a figure of speech in which a statement is exaggerated for emphasis or for humorous effect.
Example: "Considering that the price of dogs had boomed skyward by the unwonted demand, it was not an unfair sum for so fine an animal" (London 18).
5. Onomatopoeia: the use of words whose sounds suggest their meanings
Example: "In mid air, just as his jaws were about to close on the man, he received a shock that checked his body and brought his teeth together with an agonizing clip [clack]" (London 14).
Example: "He drew himself together for the spring, hair bristling, mouth foaming, a mad glitter in his bloodshot eyes" (London 14).
7. Alliteration: the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of words next to each other or in the same sentence
Example: " The facts of life took on a fiercer aspect" (London 17).
8. Mood: mood refers to the emotional atmosphere in a text
Example: "Buck lived at a big house in the sun-kissed Santa Clara Valley. Judge Miller's place, it was called. It stood back from the road, half hidden among the trees, through which glimpses could be caught of the
wide cool veranda that ran around its four sides" (London 4).
9. Tone: tone refers to the author or narrator's attitude
What's the mood?
Example: "It was true, there were other dogs. There could not but be other dogs on so vast a place, but they did not count" (London 5).
What's the tone?
10. Foreshadowing: a warning or indication of a future event
Example: "He felt it, as did the other dogs, and knew that a change was at hand" (London 20).
12. Irony:
the use of words that mean the opposite of what you really mean (for humor)
a situation that is strange or funny because it is opposite of what you (or a character) expects
Example: "They would never get another rope around his neck. Upon that he was resolved" (London 12).
13. Symbolism: the use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities
11. Repetition: repeating something that has already been said or written for emphasis or affect
Example:
"Buck was neither house dog nor kennel dog. The whole realm was his" (London 5).
"He was king - king over all creeping, crawling, flying things of Judge Miller's place, humans included" (London 6).

Example: "He was glad for one thing: the rope was off his neck. That had given them an unfair advantage" (London 12).
Chapter Two Directions
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