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Haily Russett

on 8 February 2013

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Transcript of Paganism

Foundation Works Cited Where? It is believed that Paganism began in the Paleolithic Age around 10 000 BC back when people had to follow the herds of animals around to survive.
Women were the healers and took care of the tribe because they were seen to have more power due to the fact that they could have children.
Around 8000-7500 BC people began to farm crops and animals they worshiped the sun and moon.
During this time they became "paganized". (pagan meaning "country dweller")
This was the time when people began exploring the mysteries of life such as death and rebirth. Paganism Haily Russett &
Laura Stephens Dagg Paganism is basically a religion of place or a native religion.
All pagan religions have a connection to nature and usually have many gods and/or goddesses History What is paganism? Traditions (Beliefs and Practices) Wicca:
Everyone has the divine (or goddess) within.
One should develop natural gifts for divination or occult magic Divine forces or nature spirits are invoked in rituals.
The Goddess is the focus of worship.
Nature and the earth are sacred manifestations of the Goddess.
Everyone has his or her own spiritual path to follow.
Rituals and celebrations are linked to the seasons and moon phases.
Meditation, visualization, invocation (calling on forces or gods/goddesses), chanting, burning candles and special rituals trigger a sense of the mystical, thus reinforcing the core belief system. Druids:
Believe that Stonehenge is the traditional meeting place of the Druids. They claim that their religion has marked the summer solstice at Stonehenge for nearly 800 years.
Believe in reincarnation, that the soul is immortal and upon death they are transported to the “Otherworld”
The Druid is always spiritually awake to the cycles of nature, the seasons, the tides of growth and decay, together with the gifts the gods offer at these times.
Being in harmony with nature’s cycles ensures spiritual health, appreciation, inspired creativity and vibrant community, through reverential relationship with the gods, ancestors and spirits of place.
Respect the natural world (non-human), care for the environment, to study nature (from trees to winds).
Respect human nature, work on their own intellectual and emotional development, care for the community, family and colleagues.
Respect our history, learn about our heritage, ancestors, their stories, languages, ways of life.
Respect the gods, the forces of nature that influence our worlds. Wicca:
• Wicca began being practiced in Europe specifically England and the Middle East and was known as Witchcraft, which in some places it still is.
• Currently Wicca is practiced largely in the United States, Australia, India and Sri Lanka. Druidry:
Like Wicca, Druidry also began in Europe and is now practiced all over the world.
Sacred places according to Druidry are:
-Coldrum Stones, Kent
-Glastonbury’s Tercentennial Labyrinth
-The Longstone, Isle of Wight
-The Nine Ladies, Stanton Moor
-North Wales
-The Hill of Tara and the Tara/Skryne Valley
-Thornborough Henges, North Yorkshire
-Wittenham Clumps, Thames Valley
These sites are important because they are man-made temples in the landscape which hold the politics, stories and songs of the Druids. Followers In the British Isles there is between 50,000 and 200,000 followers of paganism Wicca:

•Wicca has a very large following, with the majority of the followers being female.

•Due to the nature of Wicca and it’s negative name of Witchcraft or Sorcery, those who practice Wicca don’t openly tell about it or point out fellow Wiccans to those who are not. Druids:

•Like Wicca, Druids also has a very large following but of a bit different tastes.

•Followers of Druids are more focused on being at one with nature and are more outspoken unlike Wiccans.

• In Britain alone there are approximately 10,000 followers of Druids. http://www.joellessacredgrove.com/pagantraditions.html
http://isle-of-avalon.com/pagan.htm These beliefs are often mixed with a combination of mystical traditions, Celtic or Norse paganism, Greek and Roman goddess worship, ancient Egyptian spirituality, Eastern Shamanism, or even Native American spiritual practices depending on the group.
All groups revere nature, support peace, and believe society cannot be at peace if we are out of harmony with nature or are mistreating Mother Earth (known as Gaia, a pagan goddess given to Earth) (She also appears in Greek Mythology).
Divination techniques such as tarot cards, astrology, runes, the I Ching (from Chinese Taoism), candle magic and other occult practices are not only common but encouraged by most groups.
The serpent is believed by Wiccans to be a symbol of eternal life and female spiritual awakening or power.
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