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NICARAGUA

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Megan

on 18 September 2014

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Transcript of NICARAGUA

The famous patriotic battle at
San Jacinto
signified the beggining of the filibuster’s defeat throughout the country. The battle took place on
September 14, 1856
A small group of Nicaraguan army men were in charge of slowing down the troops at the filibuster.
Nicaragua's Government
Nicaragua's government is Republican.
A Republic government is in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by elected officers and representatives responsible to them and governing according to law.
Nicaragua's History
Nicaragua, which derives its name from the chief of the area's leading Indian tribe at the time of the Spanish Conquest, was first settled by the Spanish in 1522. The country won independence in 1838. For the next century, Nicaragua's politics were dominated by the competition for power between the Liberals, who were centered in the city of León, and the Conservatives, centered in Granada.
To back up its support of the new Conservative government in 1909, the U.S. sent a small detachment of marines to Nicaragua from 1912 to 1925. The Bryan-Chamorro Treaty of 1916 (terminated in 1970) gave the U.S. an option on a canal route through Nicaragua and naval bases. U.S. Marines were sent again to quell disorder after the 1924 elections. A guerrilla leader, Gen. César Augusto Sandino, fought the U.S. troops from 1927 until their withdrawal in 1933.
Nicaragua's Geography
Nicaragua borders Honduras to the North and Coast Rico to the South.
It is slightly larger than New York State.
Nicaragua is mountainous in the west with some fertile valleys.
They have two big lakes, Nicaragua and Managua. These are both connected to the Tipitapa river.
The pacific cast is volcanic but also very fertile.
Nicaragua
Flag Characteristics
3 horizontal stripes: 2 blue and 1 white
September 4, 1908
Coat of arms in center
5 volcanoes for 5 states
Rainbow and sunshine for positive outlook
Cap of Liberty for freedom from Ancient Rome
By: Tia Lameira, Megan Ruff, and Jenessa Sepulveda
Period 1
INDEPENDENT SINCE 1821
The battle began at dawn and the patriots took some hits but still stood their positions. Their weapons were old and had frequently failed to function. An ingenious action, however, brought them a surprising victory. reinforcements of the enemy had arrived and aghast the troops fled the scene.
This happened one day before the independence celebrations.
How they celebrate independence day in Nicaragua
Bibliography
https://vianica.com/go/specials/5-independence_Nicaragua.html
http://www.cnn.com/2013/09/13/world/parties-piatas-and-penguins/
http://www.infoplease.com/country/nicaragua.html
http://www.puedoleerlibrary.com/blog/celebrating-nicaraguas-independence-day
When do they celebrate?
Nicaragua begins its celebrations on September 15 every year, and continues for a week. This is because that is the day that Nicaragua declared its independence from Spain in 1821.
Nicaraguas Government
The Spanish Conquest
Nicaragua's Caribbean coast was first seen by Spanish explorers in 1508. It was not until 1522, however, that a formal military expedition, under Gil González Dávila, led to the Spanish conquest of Nicaraguan territory. Nicaragua also converted to Roman Catholicism, as did more than 9,000 members of his tribe. In 1524 that succeeded in establishing the first permanent Spanish settlement in Nicaragua. He quickly overcame the resistance of the native peoples and named the land Nicaragua. Pedrarias stayed in Nicaragua until his death in July 1531.
Spain showed little interest in Nicaragua throughout this period, mostly because it was more interested in exploiting the vast riches found in Mexico and Peru. An estimated 200,000 native Nicaraguans were exported as slaves to South America from 1528 to 1540

http://www.mongabay.com/history/nicaragua/nicaragua-the_spanish_conquest_colonial_period,_1522-1820.html
First Settlers
How do they celebrate?
Nicaraguan's Caribbean coast was first seen by spanish explorers in 1508. It was not until 1522 that a formal military exploration under Gil González Dávila
Independence day is a very important holiday in Nicaragua, so it is important that they celebrate it with pride. Of course, they and their country's flags up and play cultural music. Festivities occur for the first two weeks of the month, and are usually finished with parades of marching bands and dancing in traditional wear. They eat foods containing mainly corn, meat, rice, beans, and spices.
Population
5,848,641 (July 2014 )
About It...
When: September 15, 1821
From who: Spain
Why: Spain neglected the countries they owned, leading to resentment.
Tactic: Violence was used.
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