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Indian Ocean Trade
Transcript of Indian Ocean Trade
Francis Dwyer Indian Ocean Trade
600-1450 Prompt: Development Change Continuities Describe the developments and shifts in trade in the Indian Ocean trade between 600 and 1450. State reasons for change and reasons for continuities. Rise of united chinese state (Tang and Song Dynasties 618-1279 AD) encourages maritime trade
Chinese products pouring into cities ->increased range of mass market trade and luxury products
Tech. innovations ( larger ships and magnetic compass)
Allowed for the spread of Buddhism to China and along the Silk Roads
Sudden rise of Islam
friendly to commercial life
stretches from Altantic Coast of Europe to India (connected all of the Trade routes to Indian Ocean)
Indian Ocean facilitated Islam expansion and conversion (especially in India)
Muslim merchants made majority of Indian Ocean Traders
Muslim communication with East African Coast -> Rise of the Swahili Empire ( collection of individual city-states) Rulers used wealth from commerce to construct and increase power
Desire of foreign goods and cultural diversity as incentives for trade
lower transportation costs
larger ships can carry more cargo -> allowed for transportation of bulk goods (textiles, pepper, timber, rice, sugar, wheat)
competiton b/w ports of Strait of Malacca attract traders
Srivijaya military and navy provided some security
Served as a conduit for culture
facilitated missionary journeys ( of Islam, Christianity, Buddhism) Malay sailors migrated to East Africa (Madagascar) 1000 B.c.
brought food crops (bananas, cononuts, cocoyams) that enriched African diet Ancient Egyptians and Phoenecians traded along the Red sea and Med. Coast
Chinese reach India by 100 AD
Knowledge of Monsoon sailing and introduction of lateen sail ships facilitated travel (Malay sailors learned to sail against the winds)
Small ports along Malay peninsula
competition b/w ports
Srivijaya rises out of Strait of Malacca 350 Ad
East African Bantu-Speaking villages turn into Sizable town and City-states ( Swahili and Great Zimbabwe) Overall Impact Intro. of Christianity in Ethiopia and Kerala, India
Cause of success of Venice (1000 AD)
Venice prospered from highly wanted goods from Southern Asia ( India, Indonesian Islands)
recieved goods from Arabs and East Africans who trade directly with Southern Asians Led to the rise of two powerful civs. ( Swahili, Srivijaya)
Allowed for the greatest agricultural reagional exchange until European Colonization ( through the arabs)
Greatly allowed the spread of religion and culture ( Islam and Buddhism)
The source/cause of Southernization