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Transcript of Hinduism
The common fundamental of all rituals in Hinduism is sacrifice. This could be showed by offerings. Hindus usually conduct their worship and religious rituals at home.
We must learn about a few basic beliefs which form the foundation of the religion in order to understand Hinduism.
Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations
What Is Hinduism?
Hinduism- The set of complex beliefs, values, and customs that is the common religion in India
Historical Background Information
Where did the religion being?
Hinduism originated dates back to 3,000-5,000 years ago. The word "Hindu" is based on the River Indus. Though there are many theories on where the religion began, the most common one is during the end of the Indus River Valley.
Indo-Aryan Migration Theory
The theory was first introduced when the discovery of the relationship between multiple ancient civilizations with archeological evidences. It's set to believe that the Aryans invaded the Indus Valley civilization and pass down their religious belief to them. The combination of the Indus people's religion and the Aryan's made the present-day major religion called Hinduism
The Festival of Colors In India
Religious holidays, festivals and celebrations are connected by a story or event. People celebrate them because it expresses the belief about their faith and leaves an impact to the believer.
Hindus have many holidays for every day of the year, though it is not necessarily clear. It's still not known about the number of Hindu festivals but one scholar listed about a thousand! In the ancient times, Hindus celebrated for the change of the season, the fertility for the land, or celebrate the harvest. It was all based on the cycle of nature. Overall, Hindu festivals are to purify, avoid evil influences, relieve stress, and etc.
List of Major Festivals
Diwali- festival of light
Holi- festival of colors
Rama Navami- the birday of Lord Rama
Dassera- victory of Rama over demon king Ravana
The two most famous festivals in Hinduism are Diwali and Holi
Holidays, celebrations, and festivals usually include worship, prayer, fasting, feasting and many more.
Holi- a popular festival to celebrate the beginning of spring and bid winter farewell (February-March)
The participants are supposed to throw powered or scented colors at each other to celebrate spring
Sacred Spaces and Places
Mandir -A Hindu temple that is a place of worship for followers of Hinduism
All About Hindu Temples
The priests are the god's or goddess's servant who take care of them and treat them as they're human. The worshipers on the other hand, are their guests when entering the temple.
The guest, when first entering the temple, must ring the bell to signal their entrance.
Fun Fact: The guest have to remove his/her shoe since it is believed that leather is spiritually impure and all visitors enter the temple bare-footed.
The ceremony that follows is a puja recited by the priest.
The offers of fruits, flowers and incense is given to the god by the worshippers handing them to the priest.
It's also common to worship at a home shrine. It's require to have a statue or picture of the god/goddess inside.
The Ganges River
Name holy places, holy people or holy books if any.
The ultimate moral balance of all things.
- belongs to the universe and individual
The purpose of visiting sacred places is the wanting for a spiritual merit which is consider a great honor. The Ganges River is one of the holy/sacred places for Hindus.
- each person has the responsibility to
balance their own dharma.
- when a person makes a promise, it
must be kept no matter what.
The Hindus believe this river holds sacred power to purify. They worship the Ganges by bathing it, drinking its water, praying to it, or chanting its name. Pilgrims, the sick ones, or participants in weddings bottled the Ganges River's water. It is also stated that the acting of viewing the river alone can cleanse the worshipers of their sin.
- So then, what happens if an individual
According to the information about
Ganges River- It is the most sacred river of Hindu India
Fun Fact: Sacred statues of deities are bathed in the Ganges after being first created
"What goes around comes around"
"You reap what you sow"
These two quotes are the basic Hindu concepts of Karma.
-every act or thought of an individual has consequences.
dharma, one has to have the
responsibilities of the balance of their
own dharma and their promises but what if one goes astray?
-if one disturbs the order of a balanced universe,
they have to suffer to commensurate
In this presentation you would learn all the basic informations about Hinduism.
*Be sure to pay attention to highlighted words!*
How did this religion/philosophy shape or influence the development of a region or nation?
In Hinduism, the temples are the god's home on earth.
Why do people follow this religion?
Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in existence. It's rank as the world's third largest religion. There are about 650 million Hindus worldwide today! The majority of Hindus live in India where the religion was born. You can find many people who believe in Hinduism all over the world such as United States, Canada, Great Britain and so on.
How did that religion/philosophy spread?
Are there problems that this religion/philosophy faces today?
One reason of the spread of Hinduism is by migration. People travel to different places and spread their belief to others. Unlike other religions, Hinduism didn't spread dramatically like other major religions.
In addition to that, the spread of this major religion could be by the conquering of the lands in the past. Hindu kings conquered other non-Hindu lands. Hinduism became more international by first of colonization and then globalization. For instance,back then some Hindus were captured by British traders for slave labor. After the fall of the British Empire, they stayed and cultivate Hinduism.
Like any other religions, Hinduism have problems that it's facing today. The caste system, inequality for woman, and the interfaith challenges are the problems for Hinduism.
The day begins when the women in the house draw auspicious geometric designs in chalk or rice flour on the floor or the doorstep. Hindus often chant montras, or sacred utterances, to one or more Hindu deities. Shraddha Ceremony traditionally memorializes the dead with a yearly ritual.
The Caste System
The bad aspects of the caste system is how they discriminant people who are the "untouchable". These people are isolated from society. They have restrictions such as not going to other people's houses or attend parties. People in the higher class also have a hard time since they are suppose to be careful befriending a person. The system is base on the religious belief and many people who follow this system believe in reincarnation.
Woman Society and Interfaith Challenges
In the woman society for Hinduism ,there are many restrictions. Their status, roles, and responsibilities are base their religious belief such as marriage and inheritance. For example, some brides who cannot pay the dowry might be killed.
There are also interfaith challenges to this. Some religions across the world might have different religious aspects than Hinduism. This could cause trouble on people's relationship with each other. (marriage, or friendship)
What represent Hinduism?
Varieties of Hindu symbols are being used in art, ritual, and sacred objects. They show Hindu concepts, the attribute of deities or the gods/goddesses themselves.
The Om Symbol
This is the official sign too. Hindus believe that God first created sound and the universe arose from it. This is also believed that Om is the root of the universe and everything that exists.
Om (also spelled Aum)- a Hindu sacred sound that is considered the greatest of all mantras.
The word came from the Sanskrit word which means good fortune, well-being and luck.
You could see this symbol in Hindu art, architecture, and decoration. In addition it could be seen in temples, houses, doorways, clothing and more.
The lotus in Hinduism represent beauty and non-attachment. The lotus is rooted from the mud but floats on water without being wet or muddy. This symbolizes how someone should live in the world in order to gain release from rebirth (no surrounding attachments). The lotus is associated with several Hindu deities too.
People follow Hinduism if they view all religions as one whole religion. This is because Hindus believe that Hinduism isn't really considered a religion itself though also believes their religion isn't "one true religion" over other religions. Anyone could practice Hinduism. The believers support non-violence, peace, right-conduct, truth and love.
__3. Indo-Aryan Migration Theory
__5. Ganges River
__8. Caste System
A. A popular that celebrate the beginning of spring and bid winter farewell
B. The most sacred river in Hindu India
C.The set of complex beliefs, values, and customs that is the common religion in India
D. A cross with four arms of equal length with the ends of each end bend at a right angle
E. A Hindu temple that is a place of worship for followers of Hinduism
F. A theory that believed that a group of nomadic people called the Aryans moved to the northern part of India
G. An ancient way to group people according to their occupation
H. A Hindu sacred sound that is considered the greatest of all mantras
I. A ritual in honor of the gods, performed either at home or in the mandir (temple)
J. The most ancient sacred writings of Hinduism written in early Sanskrit
Indo-Aryan Migration Theory- A theory that believed that a group of nomadic people called the Aryans moved to the northern part of India.
Caste system- An ancient way to group people according to their occupation
Where do most followers live, and how large is that religion/philosphy?
-the cycle of life, death, and rebirth
-Hindus believe that an individual 's wordly status depends on the actions in
a past life.
-Some people meet again in another life
to balance karma.
-Heaven for Christians, Moksha for Hindus.
The oldest religion
Oldest religious texts in Hinduism
-The word "veda" means knowledge.
-They were not written down
but were passed down in an
-Still known as Sruti, Shruti.
-The four vedas:
Rg-veda (Rigveda)- the oldest
and holiest Veda.
-mystic and philosophical
Hinduism has help influence the development of India. Back then in the Indus River Valley, India was a land of diverse cultures, religions, races and ethnicities. Hinduism helped unify all of them by its belief. This brought peace throughout the land. For instance the belief of non-violence has reduced warfare. It also helped shape their social classes called the caste system.
Veda- the most ancient sacred writings of Hinduism written in early Sanskrit
Hinduism doesn't have any founders. Some people would say that Hinduism is polytheistic. But others say there is one true god but have different forms.
Swastika- A cross with four arms of equal length with the ends of each end bend at a right angle.
- the nature of the individual soul (Atman) and the universal soul (Brahman)
-includes the belief of transmigration
Puja- A ritual in honour of the gods, performed either at home or in the mandir (temple)
by Amy, Isabel, Jane, and Michelle