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Transcript of Chimpanzee Prezi
Migration - Chimpanzees tend to stay in one area, in which they consider their territory. Migration only occurs when a community of chimps is kicked out of their territory by rival communities and they only move in small groups of 6 or fewer.
Dormancy - Also like humans, chimpanzees are not dormant. Chimpanzees By: Elizabeth McCoy Chimp Behavior What an Inheritance: The Habitat Chimpanzees live in African rainforests as well as low-lands or high-lands and savanas where there is a cool climate and a lot of rainfall. In tropical rainforests, which can be found in Africa, the annual rainfall is 80 inches. A chimp's habitat always has thoudands of trees to climb for shelter, or for a place to sleep. Tropical rainforest Physical Characteristics of the Chimpanzee Chimpanzees have physical characteristics much like humans. They have opposable thumbs and a stronger reliance on their vision than they do on smell. But what they have that we don't is opposable big toes, longer arms than legs, and four very long fingers. Each of these characteristics help them move around better (due to flexibility), grab things easiliy with both their hands and feet, and seek out predators and prey. Natural Selection The chimpanzee population has many important characteristics that have been passed on due to natural selection. These characteristics are both physical and non-hereditary. They include:
Physical Non-Hereditary Flexibility
Opposable thumbs/big toes
Long fingers Being territorial
Strong reliance on vision Bad Diet? Chimpanzees are omnivores, so they eat both meat and plants which include: Leaves Fruit Seeds Tree bark Termites Ants Monkeys Mushrooms Flowers Fun Fact: When chimps drink water, they use chewed up leaves to sop it up, similar to a sponge. Adaptions Chimps in adulthood tend to be more adapted to the conditions of the rainforest more so than infants. Over time, a chimpanzee's fur thickens, providing warmth and protection, their canine teeth grow sharper and larger serving as a weapon and to help eat food, and their arms grow longer, helping them move around better. Infants and children don't fully adapt these characteristics, therefore rely on their mother for warmth, protection, and transportation for about 5 years. Competition Rival chimpanzee communities are the largest competition for chimpanzees. Naturally, chimps are territorial, therefore they battle with other communities for territory and food within the territories. Usually, there will be a patrol group of chimpanzees for each community who will protect the boundaries, and territory for chimps can be from 2 - 215 square miles, so they have to be especially watchful for enemies. Symbiosis Mutualism - Two chimpanzees in the same community show mutualism because they both work together in hunting for food and both benefit because they share the profit.
Commensalism - A chimpanzee and a tree show commensalism because the chimpanzee uses the tree as shelter and to hunt prey, therefore it benefits, but the tree is not affected.
Parasitism - A chimpanzee and a small monkey could have a parasitic relationship because monkeys are prey for chimps, therfore if the monkey was eaten by the chimp, it would be at the expense of the monkey. Scenario #1 Scenario: Air pollution that affects the health of the plants in a chimpanzee's habitat and their ability to produce large leaves or flowers. Chimpanzee: The chimpanzee will be affected by this because flowers and leaves are a part of of a chimp's diet, and if they are not being produced, he will not have many plants to eat. Also, the chimpanzee can get sick by eating plants exposed to air pollution. To survive or adapt to this, the chimpanzees can resort to eating other foods (they are omnivores and have a large range of food to choose from.)
Habitat: The chimpanzee's habitat will be affected by this because chimps usually live in areas heavily populated with trees and plants. There would be a major decrease in the production of plants and flowers, therefore causing lack of plant resources and shelter for animals.
Food/Water Sources: The chimpanzee's food and water sources will be affected by this because plants and flowers are a food source for chimpanzees and their water will be affected because the air polution can contaminate it, too. Scenario #2 Scenario: A drought followed by a wildfire. Chimpanzee: The chimpanzee will be affected by this because they rely on water to survive, not only to drink, but it also nurtures some of the plants they eat. To survive or adapt to these conditions, the chimpanzee can search for another water source, or resort to eating other foods.
Habitat: The chimpanzee's habitat will be affected by this because it is largely populated with trees and water, and a drought will dry out a lot of the plant life and water there. That will reduce the resources needed by the animals that live in this habitat.
Food/Water Sources: The food and water sources will be affected because there will be a major decline in plant life and water, which is an important part of the chimpanzee's diet. Sources: http://www.macroevolution.net/chimpanzee-habitat.html
http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2007/madisen_neil/Adaption.htm Iz dat for meh? The End Thanks for watching! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cb8AeSh1rGs&feature=player_detailpage