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Industrial Revolution Timeline
Transcript of Industrial Revolution Timeline
Richard Arkwright invented the water frame. It had a consistant source of power which helped the production of clothes during the industrial revolution Mid-1700s:
Great Britain starts manufacturing through mills. There were too many people and not enough supplies so people began creating ways to manufacture more easily which initially started the industrial revolution. 1793:
Slater, Smith Brown, and William Almy open the first mill in America in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. Now cotton thread could more easily be produced in America. 1790s:
U.S. worries that it might go to war with France and needs muskets to be produced, but they couldn't be produced fast enough. So Eli Whitney had the idea of using interchangeable parts and to many peoples surprise it worked. With interchangeable parts America can make things faster and if it breaks it can be easily fixed. 1812:
The War of 1812 forces Americans to buy goods from American companies instead of Britain which helps the economy. Now America realized how much they needed interstate trade . 1814: Lowell's first factory opens which in turn gets more women working which means more people are working so the economy is boosted. mid-1840s: people start to strike and form trade unions because skilled workers fealt threatened. As a result, many states passed a 10-hour work day law. 1 1800s: the transportation revolution occured which unified the country and grew interstat trade. 1807: Robert Fulton tested his first full size commercial steam boat in America. This improved interstate trade throughout America because many more steam boats were made afterwards for trading/shipping. 1824: In the court case Gibbons v Ogden stopped monopolistic control over waters used for trade in many states. This made it so people could use more waters to trade/ship goods. 1830: Peter Cooper built the Tom Thumb the first American Locomotive and almost beat a horsedrawn railcar in a race until the Tom Thumb broke down. However, people saw that locomotives were powerful and fast so the use of trains started to spread quickly throughout America. 1844: The telegraph gets really popular and everyone starts using it. Information is sent way faster and communications increase which help businesses grow. 1840: Machines that produce interchangeable parts are now massly used which made things way cheaper such as clocks and other household tools. 1830s: The Steel plow is invented along with the mechanical reaper. This allowed for farmers to have bigger farms as the can harvest more quickly. 1859: For the first time, manufactured goods are more valuable than agricultural goods, which means America is finally modernizing. INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION TIMELINE