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context clues

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by

Cindy Zepeda

on 9 February 2017

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Transcript of context clues

aka Context Clues
Chapter 1: Vocabulary in Context
Types:
Examples
Synonyms
Antonyms
General Sense of Sentence/Passage
One more thing...
Suggest the meaning of an unknown word by listing examples.

The adverse effects of this drug, including dizziness, nausea, and headaches, have caused it to be withdrawn from the market.

Adverse is the unknown word. Dizziness, nausea, and headaches are negative effects, so adverse must mean counter or unfavorable.
Examples
A synonym is a word that means the same or almost the same as the unknown word. A synonym may appear anywhere in a passage to provide the same meaning as the unknown word.
2. Synonyms
An antonym means the opposite of another word. They are often signaled by words and phrases such as however, but, yet, on the other hand, and in contrast.
3. Antonyms
Textbook authors often define important terms. You'll know they're important terms if they're in italics or boldface type. Authors may also provide examples. Pay particular attention to these words.
1.
Nocturnal
creatures,
such as bats and owls
, have highly developed senses that enable them to function in the dark.

Nocturnal means:
a. feathers b. living c. active at night


Check Your Understanding

Practice

Check Your Understanding

1. Fresh garlic may not
enhance
the breath, but it certainly does improve spaghetti sauce.

Enhance
means
a. improve b. certainly c. breath
Practice
Check Your Understanding

1. Many people have pointed out the harmful effects that a working mother may have on the family, yet there are many
salutary
effects as well. (Hint: The opposite of salutary is harmful.)

Salutary
means:
a. well-known b. beneficial c. hurtful

Practice

4. General Sense of the Sentence/Passage
Sometimes you must draw conclusions based on the info given with the word. Asking yourself questions about the passage can help you make a fairly accurate guess about the unknown word's meaning.
Check Your Understanding

1. A former employee,
irate
over having been fired, broke into the plant and deliberately wrecked several machines. (Hint: What would be the employee's state of mind?)

Irate
means:
a. relieved b. very angry c. undecided


Practice
Questions?
2.
Mundane
activities such as
doing the laundry or dishes or going food shopping or reading the newspaper
help me relax.

Mundane
means:
a. exciting b. painful c. ordinary


3. Instances of common
euphemisms
include
"final resting place"
(for grave),
"intoxicated"
(for drunk), and
"restroom"
(for toilet).

Euphemisms
means:
a. unpleasant reactions b. answers c. substitutes for
offensive terms
Check Your Understanding Answer Key

1. c
2. c
3. c
2. As soon as I made a
flippant
remark to my boss, I regretted sounding so disrespectful.

Flippant
means:
a. regretted b. sounding c. disrespectful
3. Although the salesperson tried to
assuage
the angry customer, there was no way to soothe her.

Assuage
means:
a. angry b. salesperson c. soothe
Check Your Understanding Answer Key

1. A
2. C
3. C
2. Trying to control everything your teens do can
impede
their growth. To advance their development, allow them to make some decisions on their own. (Hint: The opposite of impede is advance.)

Impede
means:
a. block b. predict c. improve

3. During their training, police officers must respond to
simulated
emergencies in preparation for dealing with real ones. (Hint: The opposite of simulated is real.)

Simulated
means:
a. made-up b. mild c. actual
Answer Key

1. B
2. A
3. A
Answer Key

2. Despite the
proximity
of Ron's house to his sister's, he rarely sees her. (Hint: What about Ron's house would make it surprising that he didn't see his sister more often?)

Proximity
means:
a. similarity b. nearness c. superiority
3. The car wash we organized to raise funds was a
fiasco
--it rained all day. (Hint: How successful would a car wash be on a rainy day?)

Fiasco
means:
a. great financial success b. welcome surprise c. complete disaster
1. B
2. B
3. C
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Full transcript