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Cutting Edge MODULE 6
Transcript of Cutting Edge MODULE 6
Module 6 - In The Money
1a) 1- Present Simple 5- Past Simple
2- Future Passive 6- Past Continuous
3- Present Continuous 7- Past Perfect Cont.
4- Present Perfect 8- Past Perfect
1b) Present Perfect - Have you heard...? I''ve phoned
Past Simple - tried, bumped, knocked, said
Past Perfect - Had forgotten
Past Continuous - were wearing / were trying
Present Continuous - you're waiting
Movie Suggestion: Slumdog Millionaire
* Cutting Edge (Book, RB, Phrase Builder)
* English Speaking Environment
a) be (flat) broke, be in the red
b) miserly, stingy, flashy
c) a tip, pocket money, a fee, a subsidy, a pension, deposit
d) ransom, bribe
e) valuable, valueless, worthless, priceless, pricey
f) to break even, to go bankrupt, to be in the red/black
g) to mint coins, one-armed bandits (fruit machine, slot machine), automatic cash machines (ATM), credit cards.
* Scan before you read
* You don't need to understand every single thing (unless it is a vocabulary intended exercise)
* skimming and scanning and reading in detail; Time management – experiment to see what works; Train yourself, don’t test yourself; Learn how to underline; The questions or the text – which do you read first?
Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous --
Present Simple and Continuous --
Future Passive --
Present Perfect refers to a period of time
including the Present
2 a) and b)
- refers to the past (often used in headlines to be economical and to emphasize the recentness of the event)
- refers to no specific time (used here to describe an imaginary situation)
- refers to the present (used here to make a request sound more tentative and distant)
- refers to the past (used here because of the sequence of tenses in reported speech)
- refers to an unreal past situation)
- refers to the future
- refers to the past (used to tell a story and make it more dramatic)
- refers to now/the moment of speaking (when we might normally expect the Present Continuous)
Patterns to notice
Inversion with negative adverbials
a) No longer does our country need to rely on foreign investment
b) Under no circumstances should you borrow money without checking the interest rates.
c) Only now are we seeing the benefits of the government's careful policies.
d) Rarely has a change of government had such a dramatic effect on the economic outlook.
e) Frederick looked for his wallet to pay. Only then did he realise he had left all his money at home.
f) On no account should you reveal the details of your bank account over the telephone.
g) Never before has this country witnessed such a serious financial crisis.
h) Seldom does a politician admit publicly that he has made a mistake.
i) Not only did George have to pay a large fine, but he also had to spend some time in prison.
In formal English, and in written language in particular, we use negative adverbials at the beginning of the sentence to make it more emphatic or dramatic.
The word order is inverted: the negative adverbial is placed first, an auxiliary verb follows it and the subject of the sentence comes next.
b) a small quantity
c) a vast number of people
d) a dash (a small quantity of liquid)
e) an enormous portion ('portion': a serving of food)
f) the overwhelming majority of
Real Life - Expressing Quantities Imprecisely
1a) a small percentage
g) a huge sum of money
h) a pinch (a small quantity of salt, pepper, etc)
i) a great deal of time
j) dozens of
k) a handful of
l) a while
- Page 40 (exercises 1 and 2); Page 42 (exercises 5 and 6)
- Decide on one saying and write your ideas about it
''Money makes the world go round'''
''Neither a borrower or a lender be''
''Money is the root of all evil'''
''In life, the rich get richer and the poor get poorer''
''Money can't buy happiness'''