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WHAP Review Project
Transcript of WHAP Review Project
• Largest class
• Esteemed by Confucius for their honest labor
• Generally referred to as the mean people
• Artisans, other skilled workers
• Some economic status Dynastic Family
• Composed of emperor, family, wives, children, relatives
• Lived in the Forbidden City; isolated lives of ease
• Under the Qing, this group were Manchu, not Chinese Privileged classes
• Scholar-bureaucrats: passed the civil examinations• Landed gentry: inherited land, wealth, titles
• Occupied highest government, intellectual positions
• Directed local government, society
• Generally became landed as soon as able
• Included priests, monks of Confucians, Taoists, Buddhists Merchants
• Often powerful and wealthy
• Had little social status as they made wealth through money
• Lower classes: slaves, servants, entertainers, prostitutes Strict 4-class system existed under Tokugawa
• Samurai at the top of social hierarchy
• Followed by peasants, artisans, merchants.
• Members of classes not allowed to change social status
• Others: priests, entertainers
• Outcasts (eta): professions considered impure were 5th class
• Shoguns enacted laws governing hair style, dress, accessories JAPANESE SOCIAL CLASSES Japanese Buddism and Neo-Confucianism were also seen during this time period. The Asian Sea Trading Network c. 1500
• West Indian Ocean between SW Asia, Africa, and Western India controlled by Arabs, Swahili
• East Indian Ocean zone between Eastern India, Indonesia controlled by Indians
• East Asian zone from SE Asia to China controlled by Chinese
• Merchants from Muslim, Indian, Chinese worlds met at exchange points
•Trade peacefully A primitive national market, exists in certain essential goods such as grain, cotton, and tea. The Chinese state did not control commercial development. Advanced commercial development takes the place of industrial development in China: geographic unity, river systems, and canals facilitate the development of internal trade in China. Varied geography mean that shortages in one part of China can be made up through trade with another In South East Asia Trade was a big share of GNP which made Urbanization possible and it wasn't surpassed until the 20Th century. China never feels pressure to develop labor-saving technologies or to engage in extensive expansionist or colonizing activities, in contrast to the West and Japan due to its size and ability of interregional trade within its region. Geographic factors that facilitate this internal trade are the Yangtze River, the complex network of rivers in the south, and China's long coastline http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/main_pop/kpct/kp_ming.htm the mongols are the exception raw materials