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WHAP Review Project

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Maria Valdez

on 26 April 2013

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Transcript of WHAP Review Project

Maria Valdez & Jackelin Pedraza Early Modern Asia/SE Asia Revolutions/Colonization HEI Urbanization Religions 3/4 of the population in South East Asia adopted the Islamic or Christianity religion during the age of commerce. Trade Social Structures Innovations Nationalism Industrialization Trade caused industrialization in the 'Boom Years' (1570-1630) which caused Asia and South East Asia to be known for exporting raw materials. Trade in South East Asia had a take off in 1400 with growth during the 15Th century,trade was at its best in the 17Th century. As bizarre as it sounds, a thing that started out small and was later expanded to Africa and other parts of the world was the breeding of different horse species in Indonesia. Malacanang Palace in the Philippines was built in 1750. The Bogor Palace was built in Indonesia in 1744 but was destroyed by an earthquake and rebuilt in 1856. Malay Peninsula(Malacca), a remarkable trading center for the trade and shunting of spices, ruled by a Muslim Saltan at the time was colonized by Portuguese in 1511 The Spanish started conquest of Philippines in 1562 when Ferdinand Magellan tried to convert natives into Christians. Dutch established headquarters in1619 in Batavia, Java after an operation during the Napoleonic Wars. It remained in this way throughout the French Revolutionary War. Irrigation systems were built since it was mostly a rural area. Desalination had to be created to make drinking water. Around mid 15th century troops were dominated by Janissaries, who were elite soldiers who were originally prisoners of war and slaves. Ottomans capture Constantinople in 1453. Sultan Mehmed II, ruler of the Ottoman Turks, led the assault. The city was defended by, at most, 10,000 men. The Turks had between 100,000 and 150,000 men on their side. The Turks out skilled them with war tactics in taking over the city. In 1526, Babur founds Mughal Empire with use of gunpowder power. Citations: http://www.dentonisd.org/cms/lib/tx21000245/centricity/Domain/907/EAST_ASIA_1450_-_1750.pdf http://www.lcps.org/cms/lib4/VA01000195/Centricity/Domain/4549/HUBBS_Review_Guide_1450-1750.doc http://www.mspugh.net/Documents/AsiaReview.pdf Suleyman the Magnificent took Baghdad and Belgrade and conquered as far north as Vienna Austria in 1530 (turned back by Charles V) Civil service exams were need in order to be part of the bureaucrat government. http://timerime.com/en/timeline/683355/Major+Events+AD+1450-1750+Asia/ http://www.docslide.com/empires-of-asia-1450-1750/# Mughal (Mongol) Empire was founded by Babur in 1523. It created a centralized, absolutist government, expanded to Gujurat, Bengal, and southern India. It encouraged religious tolerance and developed "divine faith" Mughal Emperor of India, Akbar, was a brilliant ruler from 1556-1605 . He was only fourteen when he ascended to the throne. Decline of Ming Dynasty in 1572 was due to poorly run centralized government under weak emperors, corruption and inefficency. Tokugawa Ieyasu defeated his rivals at the battle of Sekigahara in 1600. The victory earned him the loyalty of daimyo throughout Japan. He later became the sole shogun and moved the capital, unifing Japan Tokugawa Bakafu was a feudal japanese military government which existed between 1600 and 1868, where the shoguns where in charge. 1736 Qianlong (Qing emperor) http://www.thenagain.info/webchron/easteurope/fallconstantin.html http://www.colonialvoyage.com/eng/asia/malaysia/malacca/portuguese.html http://www.thenagain.info/webchron/easteurope/fallconstantin.html http://www.xtimeline.com/evt/view.aspx?id=513006 Peasants
• Largest class
• Esteemed by Confucius for their honest labor
• Generally referred to as the mean people
• Artisans, other skilled workers
• Some economic status Dynastic Family
• Composed of emperor, family, wives, children, relatives
• Lived in the Forbidden City; isolated lives of ease
• Under the Qing, this group were Manchu, not Chinese Privileged classes
• Scholar-bureaucrats: passed the civil examinations• Landed gentry: inherited land, wealth, titles
• Occupied highest government, intellectual positions
• Directed local government, society
• Generally became landed as soon as able
• Included priests, monks of Confucians, Taoists, Buddhists Merchants
• Often powerful and wealthy
• Had little social status as they made wealth through money
• Lower classes: slaves, servants, entertainers, prostitutes Strict 4-class system existed under Tokugawa
• Samurai at the top of social hierarchy
• Followed by peasants, artisans, merchants.
• Members of classes not allowed to change social status
• Others: priests, entertainers
• Outcasts (eta): professions considered impure were 5th class
• Shoguns enacted laws governing hair style, dress, accessories JAPANESE SOCIAL CLASSES Japanese Buddism and Neo-Confucianism were also seen during this time period. The Asian Sea Trading Network c. 1500
• West Indian Ocean between SW Asia, Africa, and Western India controlled by Arabs, Swahili
• East Indian Ocean zone between Eastern India, Indonesia controlled by Indians
• East Asian zone from SE Asia to China controlled by Chinese
• Merchants from Muslim, Indian, Chinese worlds met at exchange points
•Trade peacefully A primitive national market, exists in certain essential goods such as grain, cotton, and tea. The Chinese state did not control commercial development. Advanced commercial development takes the place of industrial development in China: geographic unity, river systems, and canals facilitate the development of internal trade in China. Varied geography mean that shortages in one part of China can be made up through trade with another In South East Asia Trade was a big share of GNP which made Urbanization possible and it wasn't surpassed until the 20Th century. China never feels pressure to develop labor-saving technologies or to engage in extensive expansionist or colonizing activities, in contrast to the West and Japan due to its size and ability of interregional trade within its region. Geographic factors that facilitate this internal trade are the Yangtze River, the complex network of rivers in the south, and China's long coastline http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/main_pop/kpct/kp_ming.htm the mongols are the exception raw materials
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